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Title: Antiviral Response Induced by Toll-Like Receptor (TLR) 7/TLR8 Activation Inhibits Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection in Cord Blood Macrophages
Authors: PIETROBON, Anna J.YOSHIKAWA, Fabio S. Y.OLIVEIRA, Luana M.PEREIRA, Natalli Z.MATOZO, TaisALENCAR, Bruna C. deDUARTE, Alberto J. S.SATO, Maria N.
Citation: JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, v.225, n.3, p.510-519, 2022
Abstract: Cord blood macrophages are more susceptible to HIV-1 infection. This vulnerability can be reversed under treatment with the type I interferon adjuvant CL097, which triggers inflammatory and antiviral responses in these cells, attenuating viral replication. Vertical transmission is the main mechanism of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection in infants, who may develop high viremia and rapidly progress to AIDS. Innate immunity agonists can control HIV-1 replication in vitro, but the protective effect in the neonatal period remains unknown. Herein, we evaluated the immunomodulatory and antiviral effects of type I interferon (IFN-I) adjuvants on cord blood monocyte-derived macrophages upon HIV-1 infection. Despite the phenotypic and transcriptional similarities between cord blood and adult macrophages, cord blood cells were prone to viral replication when infected with HIV-1. However, treatment with CL097 efficiently promoted the antiviral and inflammatory responses and inhibited HIV-1 replication in cord blood cells in an NF-kappa B and autophagy activation-independent manner. Our data suggest that cord blood macrophages are able to establish antiviral responses induced by IFN-I adjuvants similar to those of their adult counterparts, revealing a potential adjuvant candidate to enhance the neonatal immune response.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MDT
Departamento de Dermatologia - FM/MDT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MPT
Departamento de Patologia - FM/MPT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/56
LIM/56 - Laboratório de Investigação em Dermatologia e Imunodeficiências

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/05
ODS/05 - Igualdade de gênero

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