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Title: Comprehensive immunohistochemical analysis of RET, BCAR1, and BCAR3 expression in patients with Luminal A and B breast cancer subtypes
Authors: PAVANELLI, Ana CarolinaMANGONE, Flavia RoteaYOGANATHAN, PiriyaBESSA, Simone AparecidaNONOGAKI, SuelyOSORIO, Cynthia A. B. de ToledoANDRADE, Victor Piana deSOARES, Ibere CauduroMELLO, Evandro Sobrosa deMULLIGAN, Lois M.NAGAI, Maria Aparecida
Citation: BREAST CANCER RESEARCH AND TREATMENT, v.192, n.1, p.43-52, 2022
Abstract: Purpose Breast cancer (BC) is considered a heterogeneous disease composed of distinct subtypes with diverse clinical outcomes. Luminal subtype tumors have the best prognosis, and patients benefit from endocrine therapy. However, resistance to endocrine therapies in BC is an obstacle to successful treatment, and novel biomarkers are needed to understand and overcome this mechanism. The RET, BCAR1, and BCAR3 genes may be associated with BC progression and endocrine resistance. Methods Aiming to evaluate the expression profile and prognostic value of RET, BCAR1, and BCAR3, we performed immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays (TMAs) containing a cohort of 361 Luminal subtype BC. Results Low expression levels of these three proteins were predominantly observed. BCAR1 expression was correlated with nuclear grade (p = 0.057), and BCAR3 expression was correlated with lymph node status (p = 0.011) and response to hormonal therapy (p = 0.021). Further, low expression of either BCAR1 or BCAR3 was significantly associated with poor prognosis (p = 0.005; p = 0.042). Pairwise analysis showed that patients with tumors with low BCAR1/low BCAR3 expression had a poorer overall survival (p = 0.013), and the low BCAR3 expression had the worst prognosis with RET high expression stratifying these patients into two different groups. Regarding the response to hormonal therapy, non-responder patients presented lower expression of RET in comparison to the responder group (p = 0.035). Additionally, the low BCAR1 expression patients had poorer outcomes than BCAR1 high (p = 0.015). Conclusion Our findings suggest RET, BCAR1, and BCAR3 as potential candidate markers for endocrine therapy resistance in Luminal BC.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MDR
Departamento de Radiologia - FM/MDR

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MPT
Departamento de Patologia - FM/MPT

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICESP
Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo - HC/ICESP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/14
LIM/14 - Laboratório de Investigação em Patologia Hepática

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/24
LIM/24 - Laboratório de Oncologia Experimental

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