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Title: Human endogenous retrovirus and multiple sclerosis: A review and transcriptome findings
Authors: NALI, Luiz H.OLIVAL, Guilherme S.MONTENEGRO, HoracioSILVA, Israel T. daDIAS-NETO, EmmanuelNAYA, HugoSPANGENBERG, LuciaPENALVA-DE-OLIVEIRA, Augusto C.ROMANO, Camila M.
Citation: MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS AND RELATED DISORDERS, v.57, article ID 103383, 7p, 2022
Abstract: Multiple Sclerosis is an autoimmune disease with an unknown etiology. Both genetic and environmental factors are believed to trigger MS autoimmunity. Among the environmental factors, infectious agents have been extensively investigated, and the Human Endogenous Retroviruses (HERVs), especially HERV-W, are believed to be associated with MS pathogenesis. HERVs are derived from ancestral infections and comprise around 8% of the human genome. Although most HERVs are silenced, retroviral genes may be expressed with virion formation. There is extensive evidence of the relationship between HERV-W and MS, including higher levels of HERV-W expression in MS patients, HERV-W protein detection in MS plaques, and the HERV-W env protein inducing an inflammatory response in in vitro and in vivo models. Here we discuss possible links of HERVs and the pathogenesis of MS and present new data regarding the diversity of HERVs expression in samples derived from MS patients.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/Outros
Outros departamentos - FM/Outros

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/27
LIM/27 - Laboratório de Neurociências

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/52
LIM/52 - Laboratório de Virologia

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