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Title: Single-use flexible ureteroscopes: update and perspective in developing countries. A narrative review
Authors: MAZZUCCHI, EduardoMARCHINI, Giovanni ScalaBERTO, Fernanda Christina GabrignaDENSTEDT, JohnDANILOVIC, AlexandreVICENTINI, Fabio CarvalhoTORRICELLI, Fabio Cesar MirandaBATTAGELLO, Carlos AlfredoSROUGI, MiguelNAHAS, William Carlos
Citation: INTERNATIONAL BRAZ J UROL, v.48, n.3, p.456-467, 2022
Abstract: Flexible ureteroscopy is a well-established method for treatment of urinary stones but flexible ureteroscopes are expensive and fragile devices with a very limited lifetime. Since 2006 with the advent of digital flexible ureteroscopes a great evolution has occurred. The first single-use flexible ureteroscope was launched in 2011 and new models are coming to the market. The aim of this article is to review the characteristics of these devices, compare their results with the reusable devices and evaluate the cost-benefits of adopting single-use flexible ureteroscopes in developing countries. Materials and Methods: an extensive review of articles listed at PubMed and published between 2000 and 2021 was performed. Results: Single-use flexible ureteroscopes have a shaft with 65 to 68cm length and weight between 119 and 277g. Their deflection goes up to 300 degrees. Their stone-free rates vary between 60 and 95% which is comparable to reusable scopes and operative times ranges from 54 to 86 minutes which are lower when compared to reusable flexible scopes. Their costs vary between 800 and 3180 US dollars. Conclusion: single-use flexible ureteroscopes are lighter and have superior quality of image when compared to fiberoptic ones. There are no definite data showing a higher stone-free rate or less complications with the use of single-use flexible ureteroscopes. Each institution must perform a cost-benefit analysis before making the decision of adopting or not such devices depending on the local circumstances.
Appears in Collections:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCG
Departamento de Cirurgia - FM/MCG

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/55
LIM/55 - Laboratório de Urologia

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