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Title: Differential Diagnosis Findings Between Alzheimer's Disease and Major Depressive Disorder: A Review
Authors: DURAES, Ricardo Silva dos SantosYOKOMIZO, Juliana EmySAFFI, FabianaROCCA, Cristiana Castanho de AlmeidaSERAFIM, Antonio de Padua
Abstract: Background: Differentiating diagnosis between Alzheimer's disease and major depressive disorder in the elderly is a great clinical challenge. This study aimed to identify the establishment of differential diagnosis protocols between Alzheimer's disease and major depressive disorder. Methods: We searched studies in the Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases between 2009 and 2019. A total of 155 references were found for searching relevant articles using Boolean search. After exclusion of redundancies and assessing of title, abstract, and full text for eligibility, 11 articles were selected. The total sample size was 1077 distributed in 8 different countries. Results: Significant results were found for differential diagnosis between Alzheimer's disease and major depressive disorder, such as overall mental status, episodic memory, visuospatial construction, delayed recognition task, semantic verbal fluency, visual task in short-term memory, atrophy of the hippocampus, cortical activation in specific tasks, and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers. Conclusion: These findings are good pathways for discriminating Alzheimer's disease from major depression in the elderly.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/IPq
Instituto de Psiquiatria - HC/IPq

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/21
LIM/21 - Laboratório de Neuroimagem em Psiquiatria

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