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Title: An ancient founder mutation in PROKR2 impairs human reproduction
Authors: STEFANIJA, Magdalena AvbeljJEANPIERRE, MarcSYKIOTIS, Gerasimos P.YOUNG, JacquesQUINTON, RichardABREU, Ana PaulaPLUMMER, LaceyAU, Margaret G.BALASUBRAMANIAN, RavikumarDWYER, Andrew A.FLOREZ, Jose C.CHEETHAM, TimothyPEARCE, Simon H.PURUSHOTHAMAN, RadhikaSCHINZEL, AlbertPUGEAT, MichelJACOBSON-DICKMAN, Elka E.TEN, SvetlanaLATRONICO, Ana ClaudiaGUSELLA, James F.DODE, CatherineCROWLEY JR., William F.PITTELOUD, Nelly
Citation: HUMAN MOLECULAR GENETICS, v.21, n.19, p.4314-4324, 2012
Abstract: Congenital gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) deficiency manifests as absent or incomplete sexual maturation and infertility. Although the disease exhibits marked locus and allelic heterogeneity, with the causal mutations being both rare and private, one causal mutation in the prokineticin receptor, PROKR2 L173R, appears unusually prevalent among GnRH-deficient patients of diverse geographic and ethnic origins. To track the genetic ancestry of PROKR2 L173R, haplotype mapping was performed in 22 unrelated patients with GnRH deficiency carrying L173R and their 30 first-degree relatives. The mutations age was estimated using a haplotype-decay model. Thirteen subjects were informative and in all of them the mutation was present on the same approximate to 123 kb haplotype whose population frequency is 10. Thus, PROKR2 L173R represents a founder mutation whose age is estimated at approximately 9000 years. Inheritance of PROKR2 L173R-associated GnRH deficiency was complex with highly variable penetrance among carriers, influenced by additional mutations in the other PROKR2 allele (recessive inheritance) or another gene (digenicity). The paradoxical identification of an ancient founder mutation that impairs reproduction has intriguing implications for the inheritance mechanisms of PROKR2 L173R-associated GnRH deficiency and for the relevant processes of evolutionary selection, including potential selective advantages of mutation carriers in genes affecting reproduction.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCM
Departamento de Clínica Médica - FM/MCM

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/42
LIM/42 - Laboratório de Hormônios e Genética Molecular

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