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Title: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation induced analgesia depends on N-methyl-D-aspartate glutamate receptors
Authors: ANDRADE, Daniel Ciampi deMHALLA, AlaaADAM, FredericTEXEIRA, Manoel JacobsenBOUHASSIRA, Didier
Citation: PAIN, v.155, n.3, p.598-605, 2014
Abstract: We investigated the role of glutamate N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the analgesic effects induced by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). In a randomized, double-blind, crossover study, we compared the effects of ketamine and placebo on the analgesic effects of motor cortex (M1) or dorsolateral prefrontal cortex/premotor cortex (DLPFC/PMC) stimulation. Three groups of 12 healthy volunteers underwent active rTMS (10 Hz, 80% resting motor threshold, 1,500 pulses per session) of the right M1, active stimulation of the right DLPFC/PMC, or sham stimulation during 2 experimental sessions 2 weeks apart. Cold pain thresholds were measured on the left thenar eminence before and 1 hour after cortical stimulation, to evaluate the analgesic effects of rTMS. Ketamine (0.15 mg/kg in a 10-minute bolus followed by continuous infusion of 6 lg/kg per minute until the end of rTMS) or placebo (saline) were administered intravenously during cortical stimulation. We also systematically measured cortical excitability parameters (resting motor threshold, suprathreshold motor-evoked potentials, short intracortical inhibition, and intracortical facilitation) before and after treatment, to investigate the possible relationship between changes in cortical excitability and rTMS-induced analgesia. Ketamine injection significantly decreased the analgesic effects of both M1 and DLPFC/PMC stimulation. The decrease in the analgesic effect of rTMS was not associated with changes in cortical excitability parameters, which were not influenced by rTMS following the administration of either saline or ketamine. Thus, rTMS-induced analgesia depends on glutamate NMDA receptors and may involve long-term potentiation-like mechanisms.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MNE
Departamento de Neurologia - FM/MNE

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICESP
Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo - HC/ICESP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/IPq
Instituto de Psiquiatria - HC/IPq

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/26
LIM/26 - Laboratório de Pesquisa em Cirurgia Experimental

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