Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/54159
Title: Hepatitis A virus infection in Brazilian correctional facilities
Authors: CASTRO, Lisie SouzaREZENDE, Grazielli Rocha dePUGA, Marco Antonio MoreiraBANDEIRA, Larissa MeloTANAKA, Tayana Serpa OrtizWEIS-TORRES, SabrinaTAIRA, Deborah LedesmaDEMARCHI, Luiz Henrique FerrazCRODA, Julio Rosa HenriquePINHO, Joao Renato RebelloGOMES-GOUVEA, Michele SoaresMOTTA-CASTRO, Ana Rita Coimbra
Citation: PLOS ONE, v.18, n.4, 2023
Abstract: Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is transmitted by the fecal-oral route, through interpersonal contact and ingestion of contaminated food or water. Prisoners are at higher risk of acquiring HAV infection mainly due to the environment of closed penal institutions and socioeconomic conditions. This study aims to determine the seroprevalence of anti-HAV and its associated risk factors among inmates from twelve prisons in Central Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted between March 2013 and March 2014. A total of 580 prisoners participated in the study. The participant's samples were tested for Total and IgM anti-HAV antibodies by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA). Risk factors associated with anti-HAV seropositivity were also analyzed. The prevalence rate of HAV exposure was 88.1% (95% CI: 85.5-90.7). No sample had a positive reaction to IgM anti-HAV. Increasing age, low level of education, and being imprisoned in Corumba city were independently associated with HAV exposure among prisoners. To prevent the burden of the disease, vaccination strategies should be considered for susceptible prisoners in Central Brazil.
Appears in Collections:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/03
LIM/03 - Laboratório de Medicina Laboratorial

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/07
LIM/07 - Laboratório de Gastroenterologia Clínica e Experimental

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar


Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
art_CASTRO_Hepatitis_A_virus_infection_in_Brazilian_correctional_facilities_2023.PDFpublishedVersion (English)482.35 kBAdobe PDFThumbnail
View/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.