Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/54698
Title: Performance of a Real-Time PCR Assay for the Detection of Five Candida Species in Blood Samples from ICU Patients at Risk of Candidemia
Authors: FELIX, Gabriel N.FREITAS, Vera L. T. deSILVA JUNIOR, Afonso R. daMAGRI, Marcello M. C.ROSSI, FlaviaSEJAS, Odeli N. E.ABDALA, EdsonMALBOUISSON, Luiz M. S.GUIMARAES, ThaisBENARD, GilNEGRO, Gilda M. B. Del
Citation: JOURNAL OF FUNGI, v.9, n.6, article ID 635, 12p, 2023
Abstract: The gold standard for diagnosing invasive candidiasis still relies on blood cultures, which are inefficient and time-consuming to analyze. We developed an in-house qPCR assay to identify the 5 major Candida species in 78 peripheral blood (PB) samples from ICU patients at risk of candidemia. Blood cultures and (1,3)-beta-D-glucan (BDG) testing were performed concurrently to evaluate the performance of the qPCR. The qPCR was positive for DNA samples from all 20 patients with proven candidemia (positive PB cultures), showing complete concordance with Candida species identification in blood cultures, except for detection of dual candidemia in 4 patients, which was missed by blood cultures. Additionally, the qPCR detected Candida species in six DNA samples from patients with positive central venous catheters blood (CB) but negative PB cultures. BDG values were similarly high in these six samples and the ones with proven candidemia, strongly suggesting the diagnosis of a true candidemia episode despite the negative PB cultures. Samples from patients neither infected nor colonized yielded negative results in both the qPCR and BDG testing. Our qPCR assay was at least as sensitive as blood cultures, but with a shorter turnaround time. Furthermore, negative results from the qPCR provided strong evidence for the absence of candidemia caused by the five major Candida species.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MDT
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Departamento de Moléstias Infecciosas e Parasitárias - FM/MIP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICESP
Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo - HC/ICESP

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Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

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LIM/56 - Laboratório de Investigação em Dermatologia e Imunodeficiências


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