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Title: Impact of COVID-19 on healthcare-associated infections: Antimicrobial consumption does not follow antimicrobial resistance
Authors: FREIRE, Maristela PinheiroASSIS, Denise Brandao deTAVARES, Bruno de MeloBRITO, Valquiria O. C.MARINHO, IgorLAPCHIK, MiltonGUEDES, Ana RubiaMADALOSSO, GeraldineOLIVEIRA, Maura SalaroliLIMA, Antonio Carlos Pedroso deLEVIN, Anna S.
Citation: CLINICS, v.78, article ID 100231, 7p, 2023
Abstract: Background: This study aimed to analyze the Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAI) rates and antimicrobial consumption in Intensive Care Units (ICU) in Sao Paulo city during the COVID-19 pandemic and compare them with the pre-pandemic period. Methods: This cohort included all hospitals that reported HAI rates (Central-Line-Associated Bloodstream Infection CLABSI and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia - VAP), the proportion of microorganisms that caused CLABSI, the proportion of resistant microorganisms, and antimicrobial consumption from January 2017 - December 2020. Hospitals were stratified by the number of beds, Central Venous Catheter (CVC) utilization rate, Mechanical-Ventilation (MV) utilization rate, and type of funding. Statistical analyses were based on time-series plots and regression models. Results: 220 ICUs were included. The authors observed an abrupt increase in CLABSI rates after the pandemic onset. High CLABSI rates during the pandemic were associated with hospital size, funding (public and non-profit private), and low CVC use (<= 50%). An increase in VAP rates was associated with public hospitals, and high MV use (> 35%). The susceptibility profile of microorganisms did not differ from that of the pre-pandemic period. polymyxin, glycopeptides, and antifungal use increased, especially in COVID-19 ICUs. Conclusions: HAI increased during COVID-19. The microorganisms' susceptibility profile did not change with the pandemic, but the authors observed a disproportionate increase in large-spectrum antimicrobial drug use.
Appears in Collections:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - COVID-19

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MIP
Departamento de Moléstias Infecciosas e Parasitárias - FM/MIP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICESP
Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo - HC/ICESP

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/IPq
Instituto de Psiquiatria - HC/IPq

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/47
LIM/47 - Laboratório de Hepatologia por Vírus

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/49
LIM/49 - Laboratório de Protozoologia

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