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Title: Blood meal sources of mosquitoes captured in municipal parks in Sao Paulo, Brazil
Authors: CARVALHO, Gabriela Cristina deMALAFRONTE, Rosely dos SantosIZUMISAWA, Clara MitiTEIXEIRA, Renildo SouzaNATAL, LiciaMARRELLI, Mauro Toledo
Citation: JOURNAL OF VECTOR ECOLOGY, v.39, n.1, p.146-152, 2014
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate blood meal sources of mosquitoes captured in municipal parks in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and to identify possible associations between mosquito species and their food preferences. Fourteen species of blood hosts of 510 engorged adult female mosquitoes were identified using PCR assays with a vertebrate-specific primer set based on cytochrome b mitochondrial DNA of the following vertebrates: birds, dogs, cats, rodents, humans, and other primates. Mosquitoes were captured using a manual aspirator, CDC traps in the canopy, CDC traps at ground level, and Shannon traps. With the exception of cats, all other vertebrates were used as hosts by mosquitoes in the parks. Statistical analysis failed to show any trend toward association between most culicid species captured and the sources of blood meals. Instead, they revealed random patterns, indicating that the mosquitoes fed on the most abundant or convenient blood meal sources. Although feeding preferences were observed in two species (birds in the case of Cx. nigripalpus and dogs in the case of Cx. quinquefasciatus), our results highlight the opportunistic feeding habits of the female mosquitoes in this study.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/49
LIM/49 - Laboratório de Protozoologia

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/11
ODS/11 - Cidades e comunidades sustentáveis

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