Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/927
Title: Immune receptors and adhesion molecules in human pulmonary leptospirosis
Authors: BERNARDI, Fabiola Del CarloCTENAS, BrunoSILVA, Luiz Fernando Ferraz daNICODEMO, Antonio CarlosSALDIVA, Paulo Hilario NascimentoDOLHNIKOFF, MarisaMAUAD, Thais
Citation: HUMAN PATHOLOGY, v.43, n.10, p.1601-1610, 2012
Abstract: Pulmonary involvement in leptospirosis has been increasingly reported in the last 20 years, being related to the severity and mortality of the disease. The pathogenesis of pulmonary hemorrhage in leptospirosis is not understood. Lung endothelial cells have been proposed as targets in the pathogenesis of lung involvement in leptospirosis through the activation of Toll-like receptor 2 or the complement system, which stimulates the release of cytokines that lead to the activation of adhesion molecules. The aim of this study was to investigate the involvement of immune pathways and of the intercellular and vascular cell adhesion molecules (intercellular adhesion molecule and vascular cell adhesion molecule, respectively) in the lungs of patients with pulmonary involvement of leptospirosis. We studied the lungs of 18 patients who died of leptospirosis and compared them with 2 groups of controls: normal and noninfectious hemorrhagic lungs. Using immunohistochemistry and image analysis, we quantified the expression of the C3a anaphylatoxin receptor, intercellular adhesion molecule, vascular cell adhesion molecule, and Toll-like receptor 2 in small pulmonary vessels and in the alveolar septa. There was an increased expression of intercellular adhesion molecule (P <.03) and C3a anaphylatoxin receptor (P <.008) in alveolar septa in the leptospirosis group compared with the normal and hemorrhagic controls. In the vessels of the leptospirosis group, there was an increased expression of intercellular adhesion molecule (P=.004), vascular cell adhesion molecule (P=.030), and Toll-like receptor 2 (P=.042) compared with the normal group. Vascular cell adhesion molecule expression in vessels was higher in the leptospirosis group compared with the hemorrhagic group (P=.015). Our results indicate that immune receptors and adhesion molecules participate in the phenomena leading to pulmonary hemorrhage in leptospirosis.
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MIP
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MPT
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/05
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/46

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