Instituto de Psiquiatria - HC/IPq
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Depression and suicidality severity among TRD patients after 1-year under standard of care: Findings from the TRAL study, a multicenter, multinational, observational study in Latin America
SPANISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND MENTAL HEALTH, v.16, n.2, p.85-94, 2023
Introduction: Treatment resistant depression (TRD) is one of the most pressing issues in mental healthcare in LatAm. However, clinical data and outcomes of standard of care (SOC) are scarce. The present study reported on the Treatment-Resistant Depression in America Latina (TRAL) project 1-year f...
Longitudinal Description and Prediction of Smoking Among Borderline Patients: An 18 Year Follow-Up Study
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHIATRY, v.84, n.6, article ID 22m14756, 7p, 2023
Objective: The objectives of this study were (1) to compare smoking between recovered and non-recovered patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) over the course of 18 years and (2) to assess baseline predictors of tobacco use in patients with BPD. Methods: A total of 264 borderline pat...
Patient Health Questionnaire-9 Item Pairing Predictiveness for Prescreening Depressive Symptomatology: Machine Learning Analysis
JMIR MENTAL HEALTH, v.10, article ID e48444, 19p, 2023
Background: Anhedonia and depressed mood are considered the cardinal symptoms of major depressive disorder. These are the first 2 items of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 and comprise the ultrabrief PHQ-2 used for prescreening depressive symptomatology. The prescreening performance of al...
Advances in diffuse glial tumors diagnosis
ARQUIVOS DE NEURO-PSIQUIATRIA, v.81, n.12, p.1134-1145, 2023
In recent decades, there have been significant advances in the diagnosis of diffuse gliomas, driven by the integration of novel technologies. These advancements have deepened our understanding of tumor oncogenesis, enabling a more refined stratification of the biological behavior of these neoplas...
ChatGPT is not ready yet for use in providing mental health assessment and interventions
FRONTIERS IN PSYCHIATRY, v.14, article ID 1277756, 12p, 2024
Background: Psychiatry is a specialized field of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental health disorders. With advancements in technology and the rise of artificial intelligence (AI), there has been a growing interest in exploring the potential of AI language ...
The relationship between internet gaming disorder and psychotic experiences: cyberbullying and insomnia severity as mediators
BMC PSYCHIATRY, v.23, n.1, article ID 857, 14p, 2023
BackgroundThe nature of the relationship between Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) and psychosis is unclear so far. There is evidence that greater time spent in playing video games may expose players to both insomnia and a toxic online environment with widespread cyberbullying. These two possible co...
The history and rationale of the development of new drugs for migraine treatment
ARQUIVOS DE NEURO-PSIQUIATRIA, v.81, n.12, p.1084-1097, 2023
Migraine is one of the most prevalent and disabling diseases in the world. Migraine attack treatments and prophylactic treatments of this disease are essential to lessen its individual, social, and economic impact. This is a narrative review of the main drugs used for treating migraine, as well a...
Imaging of pediatric skull lytic lesions: A review
JOURNAL OF NEUROIMAGING, v.34, n.1, p.26-43, 2024
Skull lesions in pediatric population are common findings on imaging and sometimes with heterogeneous manifestations, constituting a diagnostic challenge. Some lesions can be misinterpreted for their aggressiveness, as with larger lesions eroding cortical bone, containing soft tissue components, ...
Moderating effect of alexithymia between problem gambling and psychotic experiences in university students
BMC PSYCHIATRY, v.24, n.1, article ID 19, 9p, 2024
BackgroundMost of the young individuals with problem gambling (PG) or psychotic experiences (PEs) are less prone to seek medical help. Therefore, community-based studies investigating the relationship between these entities in non-clinical young people across a continuum of severity are warranted...
Suicide literacy mediates the path from religiosity to suicide stigma among Muslim community adults: Cross-sectional data from four Arab countries
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY, v.69, n.7, p.1658-1669, 2023
Background:The majority of research attention has been devoted to the link between religiosity and suicide risk, and a considerable amount of studies has been carried out on how stigma impacts individuals with mental health problems of different kinds. However, the interplay between religiosity, ...