Livros e Capítulos de Livros - HC/IPq

URI Permanente para esta coleção

A coleção de Livros e Capítulos de Livros reúne capítulos e resumos de obras produzidas por autores do complexo Hospital das Clínicas - Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo.

Navegar

Submissões Recentes

Agora exibindo 1 - 20 de 1104
  • bookPart 6 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Impact of Religion and Spirituality in Older Persons
    (2019) LUCCHETTI, G.; VITORINO, L. M.; NASRI, F.; LUCCHETTI, A. L. G.
    The world’s population is rapidly aging. This phenomenon imposes several challenges to the modern society, since the older population is very heterogeneous and the aging process is multifactorial and multidimensional. In order to adapt and cope with the physiological and pathological aspects of aging, older adults frequently use several coping mechanisms, including their spiritual and religious beliefs. This chapter will provide an overview on the relationship between spirituality/religiosity (S/R) and health in the aged; including the increase of spiritual/religious beliefs in older adults and the relationship between S/R and well-being, quality of life, social support, mental and physical health. We will also present the possible mechanisms for this relationship, the role of religious struggles and the clinical implications for geriatricians and gerontologists. In summary, there is a consolidated scientific production in this field, pointing to a generally positive influence of S/R on several health outcomes, such as lower levels of depression, better cognitive functioning, lower morbidity and mortality, better functional status and higher scores of quality of life and well-being. Nevertheless, some patients could have a negative influence of S/R on their medical outcomes (increasing mental health problems and even mortality). The mechanisms for this relationship are not totally elucidated and studies include cortisol levels, inflammatory and immunological markers. Health professionals dealing with older persons should be aware of the spiritual and religious beliefs of patients in order to provide a more comprehensive and holistic care. © 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
  • bookPart 9 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Classification of MRI under the presence of disease heterogeneity using multi-task learning: Application to bipolar disorder
    (2015) WANG, X.; ZHANG, T.; CHAIM, T. M.; ZANETTI, M. V.; DAVATZIKOS, C.
    Heterogeneity in psychiatric and neurological disorders has undermined our ability to understand the pathophysiology underlying their clinical manifestations. In an effort to better distinguish clinical subtypes, many disorders, such as Bipolar Disorder, have been further sub-categorized into subgroups, albeit with criteria that are not very clear, reproducible and objective. Imaging, along with pattern analysis and classification methods, offers promise for developing objective and quantitative ways for disease subtype categorization. Herein, we develop such a method using learning multiple tasks, assuming that each task corresponds to a disease subtype but that subtypes share some common imaging characteristics, along with having distinct features. In particular, we extend the original SVM method by incorporating the sparsity and the group sparsity techniques to allow simultaneous joint learning for all diagnostic tasks. Experiments on Multi-Task Bipolar Disorder classification demonstrate the advantages of our proposed methods compared to other state-of-art pattern analysis approaches. © International Publishing Switzerland 2015.
  • bookPart 9 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Conceptualizing Spirituality and Religiousness
    (2019) DAMIANO, R. F.; PERES, M. F. P.; SENA, M. A. B.
    Research on spirituality, religion and health has been growing considerably when analyzing the last 20 years. Much of this research concerns to patients’ opinions and desires on medical treatment, specifically concerning the inclusion of patients’ spiritual/religious issues and how it can influence the health outcome. However, there is still a lack of consensus about the definition of spirituality, and this need might affect the analysis of how the term “spiritual” have been understood by patients and health care providers, and how spirituality might affect patients’ mental and physical health. Nowadays, researchers debate about how is the best way to understand spirituality, and if is possible to standardize the conceptualization of this concept. Two important schools of thought debate what is the best way to understand spirituality scientifically. The first group supports the inclusive (comprehensive) conceptualization, and the second support the narrow (or religious) idea of spirituality. Trough this chapter we will discuss both conceptual frameworks and also reinforce our idea about religion, and how it can influence our understanding of spirituality, especially on the twenty-first century. © 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
  • bookPart 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Functional analysis of interventions with parents: Parental orientation or parent training?
    (2022) PRETTE, G. Del; PILATTI, C. D.; MODERNELL, L. M.; DIB, R. R.
    Interventions with parents in Clinical Behavior Analysis for Children aim at modifying the parents' behaviors, with a view to changing their interaction with the child and, in this way, promoting behavioral change. In this chapter, we propose a functional analysis of aspects of the intervention with parents, which we systematize in three axes: (1) child target behaviors, in turn classified into (1a) contingencies for child's ""OK"" responses and (1b) contingencies for child's ""non-OK"" responses; (2) classes of parenting practices, namely, (2a) precurrent parental behaviors, (2b) contingency arrangement behaviors, and (2c) parent's behaviors in interaction with the child; and (3) clinician's assessment and intervention strategies, classified into (3a) parental orientation and (3b) parent training. The functional analysis of the parent training model suggests that its strategies allow for greater clinician control over the three classes of parenting practices, which, in turn, are the means by which the clinician modifies the child's target behaviors. Finally, we propose that this systematization contributes to the reflection on the current practices of interventions with parents and to research comparing the effectiveness of different interventions or even to the construction of new proposals. © The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022.
  • bookPart
    Criança hoje: transexuais e transgêneros: variabilidade de gênero?
    (2024) FREITAS, Felipe Assunção de; MORIKAWA, Marcia
  • bookPart
    Aspectos psicológicos da incongruência de gênero: conceitos atuais
    (2024) FISCHBERG, Camila Porto; PEREIRA, Cléria Souza; CORDEIRO, Desirèe Monteiro
  • bookPart
    Aspectos psicológicos da incongruência de gênero: abordagens
    (2024) FISCHBERG, Camila Porto; PEREIRA, Cléria Souza
  • bookPart
    Brasil
    (2024) SAADEH, Alexandre
  • bookPart
    Aspectos psicológicos da incongruência de gênero: teorias de gênero
    (2024) FISCHBERG, Camila Porto; PEREIRA, Cléria Souza
  • bookPart
    Histórico
    (2024) SAADEH, Alexandre
  • bookPart
    Primeiros cuidados psicológicos e o método R.A.P.I.D.
    (2021) CHACON, Priscila; OLIVEIRA, Graça Maria Ramos de; TAUB, Anita
  • bookPart
    Estimulação elétrica do sistema nervoso central e periférico
    (2022) CAVALCANTI, Antonio Sérgio Barata; VALIENGO, Leandro da Costa Lane
  • bookPart
    Aspectos psicológicos das relações no ambiente de trabalho médico e formas de assédio moral
    (2023) SENISE, Gabriel Ramos; DANILA, Arthur Hirschfeld; GARCIA, Diogo Ferreira de Andrade
  • bookPart
    Teleconsulta na psicologia e na psiquiatria pediátricas
    (2023) ECCARD, Allyson de Castro; LABBADIA, Eunice Monteiro; ASBAHR, Fernando Ramos
  • bookPart
    Conceitos
    (2024) SAADEH, Alexandre
  • bookPart
    Desafios
    (2024) SAADEH, Alexandre
  • bookPart
    Estimulação cerebral não invasiva na dor neuropática
    (2023) VALIENGO, Leandro; CHAO, Liaw Wen; COURA, Luiz Eduardo Faria
  • bookPart
    Destransição
    (2024) GONçALVES, André Henrique Oliveira
  • bookPart
    Enfermagem e incongruência de gênero
    (2024) BRAGIOLA, João Victor Bernardi
  • bookPart
    Protocolos do AMTIGOS
    (2024) GONçALVES, André Henrique Oliveira