Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MPR

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A coleção de Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas engloba artigos originais, artigos de revisão, artigos de atualização, artigos técnicos, relatos de experiências, resenhas, ensaios, editoriais, cartas ao editor, debates, notas científicas e técnicas, depoimentos, entrevistas e pontos de vista. Consideram-se como artigos científicos originais os trabalhos redigidos para divulgação de informações e resultados sobre determinada pesquisa científica, publicados em periódico científico após avaliação por outros pesquisadores.

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  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    GOVERNANÇA E COORDENAÇÃO NO SUS: Aprendendo com a pandemia de Covid-19
    (2023) COELHO, VERA SCHATTAN P.; BLOOM, GERRY; PAES-SOUSA, RÔMULO; FIORE, DANILO CESAR; VIANA, ANA LUIZA; IBAÑEZ, NELSON; ARBIX, GLAUCO; MELLO, GUILHERME; CERON, MARIANE
    ABSTRACT For plural health systems, promoting coordination between multiple sectors and governments levels is a permanent challenge. This study explores how the SUS dealt with this challenge during the Covid-19 pandemic, identifying proactive subnational actors, cross-sector cooperation and digital health as innovations that enhanced this coordination. Their emergence, the possibilities they represent for improving the SUS and how they can be sustained are discussed.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Risk and protective factors for the development of stress in the Federal Highway Police
    (2023) OLIVEIRA, Léa Pintor de Arruda; OLIVEIRA, Lucio Garcia de; CARVALHO, Heráclito Barbosa de
    Abstract Objective The present study aimed to identify the risk and protective factors for the development of stress in a random and stratified sample of Brazilian federal highway police officers in the state of São Paulo (N = 202). Method The instruments used were a General Questionnaire (sociodemographic and occupational variables) and Lipp’s Stress Symptom Inventory for Adults. The prevalence ratio was used as a measure of association and the independent variables were organized into 8 models and inserted into a logistic regression model. Results A stress prevalence of 43.1% (95% CI = 36.2–50.0) was found, with most of the sample in the resistance phase (82.7%). The factors related to stress were leisure, educational level, degree of job satisfaction, low remuneration, suicidal ideations, insomnia, lack of training, and work-family conflict. Conclusion The results can influence actions aimed at controlling stress.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    “A Ballroom é um arquivo de pessoas negras que viveram a epidemia de aids”: narrativas sobre o arquivo negro da prevenção
    (2023) LORENA, Allan Gomes de; COUTO, Flip; ÁKIRA, Luna; PIMENTA, Félix; TEIXEIRA, Ricardo Rodrigues
    Abstract This article aims to present the narratives of the Ballroom Community in São Paulo to situate how combined HIV prevention practices are carried out in these people, identifying how the strategies conform, with what elements and influences, absences and restrictions. This is a qualitative research in the field of Collective Health that uses semi-structured interviews with Ballroom leaders to reconstruct narratives about HIV, opening a black archive on prevention. Such a perspective, in line with Saidiya Hartman's work from the perspective of radical black thought, focuses on the stories that have not been and will still be told: a way of radically imagining the future of blackness. As an analytical force, the black archive has the function of reparation, expanding narratives from a racial perspective, occluding a unique history of the HIV/Aids epidemic.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Residência Médica e Reforma Psiquiátrica brasileira: convergências e conflitos na formação para o cuidado em saúde mental
    (2023) CARNEIRO, Pedro Carlos; AYRES, José Ricardo de C. M.
    Abstract The study aims to identify to what extent and how the principles, guidelines and methods proposed by the Brazilian Psychiatric Reform (BPR) are present in the training of psychiatrists in medical residency programs. This is a qualitative study that investigates contents and experiences promoted during training in psychiatric medical residency programs in Brazil. A total of 16 subjects were interviewed in four public training institutions, two programs centered on school hospitals and two in models integrated with psychosocial care network services. The results of the study allow us to argue that, although all programs refer to BPR principles in their theoretical contents, the services integrated programs seems to promote a closer dialogue with the BPR experience. Among other relevant results, the following stand out: concern with comprehensive care, not focused only on diagnoses and symptoms, but on the singularity and ways of life of the subjects; criticism of medicalization, either in the form of abuse of medication, or as interference in non-specifically medical demands; relevance of interdisciplinary experiences in multidisciplinary teams and the aim to overcome a manicomial culture that goes beyond the institutionality of services, but that operates in the daily processes of social normalization.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Trajectory of maternal depression and parasomnias
    (2024) GUTTIER, Marilia C.; HALAL, Camila S.; MATIJASEVICH, Alicia; DEL-PONTE, Bianca; TOVO-RODRIGUES, Luciana; BARROS, Fernando; BASSANI, Diego G.; SANTOS, Ina S.
    Maternal depressive symptoms are associated with poorer sleep quality in their children. Although parasomnias can occur at any age, this group of sleep disorders is more common in children. The aim of this study was to assess whether maternal depression trajectories predict parasomnias at the age of 11 years. Data were from a Birth Cohort of 4231 individuals followed in the city of Pelotas, Brazil. Maternal depressive symptoms were assessed with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 12, 24, and 48 months, and 6 and 11 years postpartum. Maternal depression trajectories were calculated using a group-based modelling approach. Information on any parasomnias (confused arousals, sleepwalking, night terrors, and nightmares) was provided by the mother. Five trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms were identified: chronic-low (34.9%), chronic-moderate (41.4%), increasing (10.3%), decreasing (8.9%), and chronic-high (4.4%). The prevalence of any parasomnia at the age of 11 years was 16.8% (95% confidence interval [CI] 15.6%-18.1%). Confusional arousal was the most prevalent type of parasomnia (14.5%) and varied from 8.7% to 14.7%, 22.9%, 20.3%, and 27.5% among children of mothers at chronic-low, moderate-low, increasing, decreasing, and chronic-high trajectories, respectively (p < 0.001). Compared to children from mothers in the chronic-low trajectory, the adjusted prevalence ratio for any parasomnia was 1.58 (95% CI 1.29-1.94), 2.34 (95% CI 1.83-2.98), 2.15 (95% CI 1.65-2.81), and 3.07 (95% CI 2.31-4.07) among those from mothers in the moderate-low, increasing, decreasing, and chronic-high trajectory groups, respectively (p < 0.001). In conclusion, parasomnias were more prevalent among children of mothers with chronic symptoms of depression.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Variation in ultra-processed food consumption from 6 to 15 years, body weight and body composition at 15 years of age at The Pelotas 2004 Birth Cohort
    (2024) SANTOS, Ina S.; BIERHALS, Isabel O.; COSTA, Caroline S.; MATIJASEVICH, Alicia; TOVO-RODRIGUES, Luciana
    Background: The association of ultra-processed food (UPF) consumption with obesity and adipose tissue in children/adolescents remains poorly understood. Objective: To assess the association of UPF consumption with excessive weight (EW-defined as BMI-for-age >=+1 z-score) and body composition at 15 years. Methods: In a birth cohort, daily UPF consumption was estimated by Food Frequency Questionnaires at 6 and 15 years. Those in the higher tercile of UPF consumption at both follow-ups were the 'always-high consumers'. Air-displacement plethysmography provided fat mass (FM-kg), fat-free mass (FFM-kg), %FM, %FFM, FM index (FMI-kg/m(2)) and FFM index (FFMI-kg/m(2)). Logistic regression and linear regression were used to estimate, respectively, odds ratios and beta coefficients. Results: Amongst 1584 participants, almost one in every seven were always-high consumers. In crude analyses, there was no association between variation in UPF consumption and EW, and body fat parameters were lower in the always-high consumer group than amongst the always-low consumers, in both sexes. With adjustment for confounders, the odds ratio for EW was higher in the always-high consumer than amongst the always-low consumer group, and the direction of the associations with FM parameters was reversed: males from the always-high consumer group presented almost twice as high FM (10.5 vs. 18.6 kg; p < 0.001) and twice as high FMI (3.4 vs. 6.3 kg/m(2); p < 0.001) than the always-low consumer group, and females from the always-high consumer group presented on average 32% more FM and FMI than the always-low consumer group. Conclusions: In crude and adjusted analyses there was a strong association between high UPF consumption from childhood to adolescence, EW and higher body fat parameters at 15 years, but its deleterious association with body adiposity was only uncovered after adjusting for confounders.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Cross-sectional and prospective associations between screen time and childhood neurodevelopment in two Brazilian cohorts born 11 years apart
    (2024) LEAO, Otavio Amaral de Andrade; BERTOLDI, Andrea Damaso; DOMINGUES, Marlos Rodrigues; MURRAY, Joseph; SANTOS, Ina Silva; BARROS, Aluisio J. D.; MATIJASEVICH, Alicia; MIELKE, Gregore Iven
    BackgroundThe aim of this study was to investigate the associations between screen time from ages 2 to 4 years and child neurodevelopment at age 4. MethodsThe participants were from the 2004 (N = 3787) and 2015 (N = 3604) Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort studies. Childhood neurodevelopment was assessed at age 4 using the Battelle Development Inventory. The time children spent on screen devices was reported by their guardians at ages 2 and 4 years. Linear regression models were used to investigate the association of: (i) time spent on television at ages 2 and 4 years; (ii) time spent on other screens at age 4; and (iii) total screen time at age 4 (television + other screens) with childhood neurodevelopment at age 4. ResultsAverage daily screen time among children born in 2004 and those born in 2005 aged 4 years were 3.4 (SD: 2.4) and 4.4 h (SD: 2.9), respectively. Overall, few associations of very small magnitude between screen time and child neurodevelopment were observed. Television time at 2 years of age was statistically associated with lower neurodevelopment at 4 years of age in the 2015 cohort (& beta; = -0.30, 95%CI = -0.55; -0.05). Conversely, television time (& beta; = 0.17, 95%CI = 0.07, 0.26) and total screen time (& beta; = 0.22, 95%CI = 0.13, 0.31) at age 4 were associated with higher neurodevelopment at age 4 in the 2004 cohort. ConclusionsThe findings of this study suggest that the amount of time spent on screen devices might not be associated with neurodevelopment of children under 5 years of age. The small magnitude and inconsistencies in the direction of associations did not find evidence to support the current guidelines for screen time at this age. Therefore, more studies, especially those with longitudinal data, are important to comprehend the true effect of screen time on neurodevelopment and other health outcomes.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on trends in stillbirths, under-5 and maternal mortality in Brazil: Excess deaths and regional inequalities
    (2023) XAVIER, Mariana Otero; AMOUZOU, Agbessi; MAIGA, Abdoulaye; AKSEER, Nadia; HUICHO, Luis; MATIJASEVICH, Alicia
    Background Despite the proliferation of studies on the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, there is less evidence on the indirect death toll compared to the health system and service provision disruptions. We assessed the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on national and regional trends and differences in stillbirths, under-5 and maternal deaths in Brazil. Methods We used the nationwide routine health information system data from January 2017 to December 2021, to which we applied descriptive and advanced mixed effects ordinary least squared regression models to measure the percent change in mortality levels during the COVID-19 pandemic (March 2020 to December 2021). We carried out counterfactual analyses comparing the observed and expected mortality levels for each type of mortality at national and regional levels. Results Stillbirths increased 4.8% (3.1% in 2020 and 6.2% in 2021) and most noticeably maternal deaths increased 71.6% (35.3% in 2020 and 103.3% in 2021) over the COVID-19 period. An opposite pattern was observed in under-5 mortality, which dropped -10.2% (-12.5% in 2020 and -8.1% in 2021). We identified regional disparities, with a higher percent increase in stillbirths observed in the Central-West region and in maternal deaths in the South region. Discussion Based on pre-pandemic trends and expected number of deaths in the absence of the COVID-19, we observed increases in stillbirths and maternal deaths and reductions in under-5 deaths during the pandemic. The months with the highest number of deaths (stillbirths and maternal deaths) coincided with the months with the highest mortality from COVID-19. The increase in deaths may also have resulted from indirect effects of the pandemic, such as unavailability of health services or even reluctance to go to the hospital when necessary due to fear of contagion. Conclusions In Brazil, the COVID-19 outbreak and subsequent restrictions had a detrimental impact on stillbirths and maternal deaths. Even before the pandemic, mortality trends highlighted pre-existing regional inequalities in the country's health care system. Although there were some variations, increases were observed in all regions, indicating potential weaknesses in the health system and inadequate management during the pandemic, particularly concerning pregnant and postpartum women.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Maternal mental health and offspring's IQ: Evidence from two Brazilian birth cohorts
    (2024) SOARES, Pedro San Martin; BARROS, Aluisio Jardim Dornellas de; SANTOS, Ina dos; MATIJASEVICH, Alicia; WEHRMEISTER, Fernando Cesar; MENEZES, Ana Maria Baptista; GONCALVES, Helen; HARTWIG, Fernando Pires
    Maternal mental health during different stages of life can have a significant impact on a child's cognitive development. This study aimed to investigate the association between maternal CMD at two distinct stages of the offspring's life (at 3 months and 11 years) and their IQ scores at 6 and 18 years across two birth cohorts. The study utilized data from two Brazilian birth cohorts: the 1993 cohort (full sample: N = 3719, subsample: N = 436), and the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort (N = 3440). IQ assessments were conducted at ages 18 and 6, employing the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, third version (WAIS-III), and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, third version (WISC-III), respectively. The presence of maternal CMD at 3 months and 11 years of age was evaluated using the Brazilian version of the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20). After adjustment, participants whose mothers experienced CMD at 3 months had average IQ scores 1.74 (95 % CI: -2.83 to -0.67) and 2.79 (95 % CI: -5.54 to -0.04) points lower at ages 6 (2004 cohort) and 18 (1993 cohort subsample), respectively. Furthermore, in the 1993 cohort (both full and subsample), maternal CMD at 11 years was associated with lower IQ scores at age 18. Understanding the mechanisms underlying this association, emphasized by these findings, is crucial for promoting children's cognitive development, educational achievement, and overall well-being.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    A spatial case-control study on symptomatic and inapparent primary dengue infections in an endemic city in Brazil
    (2024) FIGUEIREDO, Gerusa; CHIARAVALLOTI, Francisco; CAMPOS, Sergio; PELLINI, Alessandra Cristina Guedes; FELIX, Alvina Clara; LUNA, Expedito
    We conducted a spatial case-control study nested in a dengue incidence cohort to explore the role of the spatial and socioeconomic factors in the proportion of symptomatic (cases) and inapparent primary dengue virus infections (controls). Cohort participants were children and adolescents (2 to 16 years of age) at the beginning of the follow-up. Case definitions were, for symptomatic cases, fever plus a positive lab result for acute dengue (NS1, RT-PCR, ELISA IgM/IgG), and for inapparent infection a positive result for dengue IgG (ELISA) in subjects without symptoms and with a previously negative result at baseline. The covariates included sociodemographic factors, residential location, and socioeconomic context variables of the census tracts of residence of cases and controls. We used principal component analysis to reduce the contextual covariates, with the component values assigned to each one based on their residences. The data were modeled in a Bayesian context, considering the spatial dependence. The final sample consisted of 692 children, 274 cases and 418 controls, from the first year of follow-up (2014-2015). Being male, older age, higher educational level of the head of the family and having a larger number of rooms in the household were associated with a greater chance of presenting dengue symptomatic infection at the individual level. The contextual covariates were not associated with the outcome. Inapparent dengue infection has extensive epidemiological consequences. Relying solely on notifications of symptomatic dengue infections underestimates the number of cases, preserves a silent source of the disease, potentially spreading the virus to unaffected areas.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Methodological guidelines and publications of benefit-risk assessment for health technology assessment: a scoping review protocol
    (2023) ASCEF, Bruna De Oliveira; GABRIEL, Franciele Cordeiro; SUZUMURA, Erica Aranha; MAIA, Fernando Henrique de Albuquerque; BORTOLUZZI, Aline Frossard Ribeiro; FARIAS, Natalia Santos; JAHN, Beate; SIEBERT, Uwe; SOAREZ, Patricia Coelho De
    BackgroundBenefit-risk assessment (BRA) is used in multiple phases along the health technology's life-cycle to evaluate the balance between the benefits and risks, as it is fundamental to all stakeholders. BRA and its methodological approaches have been applied primarily in the context of regulatory agencies. However, BRA's application and extent in the context of health technology assessment (HTA) bodies remain less clear. Our goal is to perform a scoping review to identify and map methodological guidelines and publications on methods of BRA. This will be done considering the different phases of the life-cycle of health technologies to underline both the depth and extent of research concerning BRA, especially in the context of HTA. Methods and analysisThis scoping review protocol was developed following the framework proposed by Arksey and O'Malley, and the updated guidelines by the Joanna Briggs Institute. We will include methodological publications that provide recommendations or guidelines on methods for BRA. We will conduct electronic searches on Medline (PubMed) and EMBASE (Ovid) databases; manual searches on the main websites of HTA bodies and drug regulatory organisations; and contact experts in the field. Systematic extraction forms will be used to screen and assess the identified publications by independent assessors. We will provide a qualitative synthesis using descriptive statistics and visual tools. Results will be summarised in systematic evidence tables and comparative evidence scoping charts. Ethics and disseminationThis review will use data publicly available and does not require ethics approval. The results of this scoping review will contribute to scientific knowledge and act as a basis for methodologists, guideline developers and researchers for the development of BRA to inform regulatory decisions, reimbursement and coverage decision making. The results will be disseminated through peer-reviewed articles, conferences, policy briefs and workshops. Trial registration numberOpen Science Framework (https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/69T3V).
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Cannabis use as a potential mediator between childhood adversity and first-episode psychosis: results from the EU-GEI case-control study
    (2023) TROTTA, Giulia; RODRIGUEZ, Victoria; QUATTRONE, Diego; SPINAZZOLA, Edoardo; TRIPOLI, Giada; GAYER-ANDERSON, Charlotte; FREEMAN, Tom P.; JONGSMA, Hannah E.; SIDELI, Lucia; AAS, Monica; STILO, Simona A.; CASCIA, Caterina La; FERRARO, Laura; BARBERA, Daniele La; LASALVIA, Antonio; TOSATO, Sarah; TARRICONE, Ilaria; D'ANDREA, Giuseppe; TORTELLI, Andrea; SCHUERHOFF, Franck; SZOEKE, Andrei; PIGNON, Baptiste; SELTEN, Jean-Paul; VELTHORST, Eva; HAAN, Lieuwe de; LLORCA, Pierre-Michel; MENEZES, Paulo Rossi; BEN, Cristina M. Del; SANTOS, Jose Luis; ARROJO, Manuel; BOBES, Julio; SANJUAN, Julio; BERNARDO, Miquel; ARANGO, Celso; KIRKBRIDE, James B.; JONES, Peter B.; RICHARDS, Alexander; RUTTEN, Bart P.; OS, Jim Van; AUSTIN-ZIMMERMAN, Isabelle; LI, Zhikun; MORGAN, Craig; SHAM, Pak C.; VASSOS, Evangelos; WONG, Chloe; BENTALL, Richard; FISHER, Helen L.; MURRAY, Robin M.; ALAMEDA, Luis; FORTI, Marta Di
    BackgroundChildhood adversity and cannabis use are considered independent risk factors for psychosis, but whether different patterns of cannabis use may be acting as mediator between adversity and psychotic disorders has not yet been explored. The aim of this study is to examine whether cannabis use mediates the relationship between childhood adversity and psychosis. MethodsData were utilised on 881 first-episode psychosis patients and 1231 controls from the European network of national schizophrenia networks studying Gene-Environment Interactions (EU-GEI) study. Detailed history of cannabis use was collected with the Cannabis Experience Questionnaire. The Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse Questionnaire was used to assess exposure to household discord, sexual, physical or emotional abuse and bullying in two periods: early (0-11 years), and late (12-17 years). A path decomposition method was used to analyse whether the association between childhood adversity and psychosis was mediated by (1) lifetime cannabis use, (2) cannabis potency and (3) frequency of use. ResultsThe association between household discord and psychosis was partially mediated by lifetime use of cannabis (indirect effect coef. 0.078, s.e. 0.022, 17%), its potency (indirect effect coef. 0.059, s.e. 0.018, 14%) and by frequency (indirect effect coef. 0.117, s.e. 0.038, 29%). Similar findings were obtained when analyses were restricted to early exposure to household discord. ConclusionsHarmful patterns of cannabis use mediated the association between specific childhood adversities, like household discord, with later psychosis. Children exposed to particularly challenging environments in their household could benefit from psychosocial interventions aimed at preventing cannabis misuse.
  • article 15 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    The 2022 South America report of The Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: trust the science. Now that we know, we must act
    (2023) HARTINGER, Stella M.; YGLESIAS-GONZALEZ, Marisol; BLANCO-VILLAFUERTE, Luciana; PALMEIRO-SILVA, Yasna K.; LESCANO, Andres G.; STEWART-IBARRA, Anna; ROJAS-RUEDA, David; MELO, Oscar; TAKAHASHI, Bruno; BUSS, Daniel; CALLAGHAN, Max; CHESINI, Francisco; FLORES, Elaine C.; POSSE, Carolina Gil; GOUVEIA, Nelson; JANKIN, Slava; MIRANDA-CHACON, Zaray; MOHAJERI, Nahid; HELO, Juliana; ORTIZ, Laura; PANTOJA, Chrissie; SALAS, Maria Fernanda; SANTIAGO, Raquel; SERGEEVA, Milena; CAMARGO, Tatiana Souza de; VALDES-VELASQUEZ, Armando; WALAWENDER, Maria; ROMANELLO, Marina
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Health Effects of Pesticide Exposure in Latin American and the Caribbean Populations: A Scoping Review (vol 130, 096002, 2022)
    (2023) ZUNIGA-VENEGAS, Liliana A.; HYLAND, Carly; MUNOZ-QUEZADA, Maria Teresa; QUIROS-ALCALA, Lesliam; BUTINOF, Mariana; BURALLI, Rafael; CARDENAS, Andres; FERNANDEZ, Ricardo A.; FOERSTER, Claudia; GOUVEIA, Nelson; JARA, Juan P. Gutierrez; LUCERO, Boris A.; MUNOZ, Maria Pia; RAMIREZ-SANTANA, Muriel; SMITH, Anna R.; TIRADO, Noemi; JOODE, Berna van Wendel de; CALAF, Gloria M.; HANDAL, Alexis J.; SILVA, Agnes Soares da; CORTES, Sandra; MORA, Ana M.
  • article 2 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Association Between Dietary Patterns and Bullying Among Adolescents in Sao Paulo-Brazil
    (2024) OKADA, Leticia Martins; MARQUES, Emanuele Souza; LEVY, Renata Bertazzi; PERES, Maria Fernanda Tourinho; AZEREDO, Catarina Machado
    Previous studies have assessed the association between food consumption and bullying perpetration, but most of them have not broadly assessed food consumption, neither the distinction between forms of bullying. The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between dietary patterns with bullying roles and its different types of bullying perpetration among adolescents. Data on a representative sample of ninth-grade students (N = 2,163; mean age = 14.8 years) taken from Sao Paulo Project for the social development of children and adolescents (SP-PROSO) were used. The independent variables were healthy and unhealthy dietary patterns obtained by exploratory factor analysis. The dependent variables were bullying role (victim-only, bully-only, bully-victim) and bullying perpetration (any type, social exclusion, psychological/verbal aggression, physical aggression, property destruction, sexual harassment). Multinomial and logistic regression models were performed for the total sample and stratified by sex (only for association with sexual harassment), adjusting for covariates. Adolescents who engaged in a healthy dietary pattern were less likely to be bullies (RR 0.67 [0.49, 0.92]), while adolescents with an unhealthy dietary pattern were more likely to be bully-victims (RR 1.29 [1.12, 1.48]). Unhealthy dietary pattern was associated with any type of bullying perpetration (OR 1.24 [1.12, 1.38]), mainly with sexual harassment and physical aggression. Boys who had an unhealthy dietary pattern were more likely to sexually harass another adolescent (OR 2.10 [1.20, 3.66]). In conclusion, adolescents who had a healthy dietary pattern were less likely to perpetrate bullying. Unhealthy dietary pattern was associated with bullying perpetration, especially with sexual harassment by boys.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Perception of parents and caregivers about the need for dental appointments for adolescents from a Brazilian birth cohort
    (2024) TILLMANN, Thais Freitas Formozo; CAMARGO, Maria Beatriz Junqueira de; CASCAES, Andreia Morales; BARROS, Aluisio J. D.; SANTOS, Ina S.; CORREA, Marcos Britto; MATIJASEVICH, Alicia; D'AVILA, Otavio Pereira; SILVA, Alexandre Emidio Ribeiro
    Objective: To investigate the perception of parents or caregivers regarding the need for dental appointments for adolescents aged 12-13 years and associated factors. Methods: Data from the Pelotas 2004 Birth Cohort were used. The outcome variable was the need for dental appointments for young adolescents perceived by parents or caregivers. Demographic and economic exposure variables were obtained from the first (2004) and sixth general follow-up (2015), respectively. The exposure variables 'previous history of dental pain', 'self-rated oral health', clinical variables and the outcome variable were obtained from the second oral health follow-up (2017). Unadjusted and adjusted multivariate Poisson regression analyses provided prevalence ratios (PR) and respective 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: At the first oral health follow-up (2009), 1303 five-year-old children were recruited, 996 of whom were reassessed and underwent oral health examinations at 12 and 13 years of age (response rate: 76.4%). The findings showed that 72.4% of parents/caregivers perceived that the adolescents needed dental appointments. No associations were found between the outcome and sociodemographic or economic variables. After adjustments, the outcome remained positively associated with previous history of toothache (PR 1.22; 95% CI 1.14-1.32), self-rated oral health as fair or poor (PR 1.26; 95% CI 1.15-1.39), the presence of dental caries (PR 1.27; 95% CI 1.20-1.38) and severe or disabling malocclusion (PR 1.14; 95% CI 1.05-1.25). Conclusions: The perception of parents/caregivers regarding the need for dental appointments on the part of their adolescent sons and daughters was associated with oral health problems, and these findings can serve as the basis for creating and improving oral health programmes that seek a better understanding on the part of parents and caregivers regarding the importance of integral care for their adolescent children.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    The association between reasons for first using cannabis, later pattern of use, and risk of first-episode psychosis: the EU-GEI case-control study
    (2023) SPINAZZOLA, Edoardo; QUATTRONE, Diego; RODRIGUEZ, Victoria; TROTTA, Giulia; ALAMEDA, Luis; TRIPOLI, Giada; GAYER-ANDERSON, Charlotte; FREEMAN, Tom P.; JOHNSON, Emma C.; JONGSMA, Hannah E.; STILO, Simona; CASCIA, Caterina La; FERRARO, Laura; BARBERA, Daniele La; LASALVIA, Antonio; TOSATO, Sarah; TARRICONE, Ilaria; D'ANDREA, Giuseppe; GALATOLO, Michela; TORTELLI, Andrea; TAGLIABUE, Ilaria; TURCO, Marco; POMPILI, Maurizio; SELTEN, Jean-Paul; HAAN, Lieuwe de; MENEZES, Paulo Rossi; BEN, Cristina M. Del; SANTOS, Jose Luis; ARROJO, Manuel; BOBES, Julio; SANJUAN, Julio; BERNARDO, Miguel; ARANGO, Celso; KIRKBRIDE, James B.; JONES, Peter B.; O'DONOVAN, Michael; RUTTEN, Bart P.; OS, Jim Van; MORGAN, Craig; SHAM, Pak C.; AUSTIN-ZIMMERMAN, Isabelle; LI, Zhikun; VASSOS, Evangelos; MURRAY, Robin M.; FORTI, Marta Di
    BackgroundWhile cannabis use is a well-established risk factor for psychosis, little is known about any association between reasons for first using cannabis (RFUC) and later patterns of use and risk of psychosis. MethodsWe used data from 11 sites of the multicentre European Gene-Environment Interaction (EU-GEI) case-control study. 558 first-episode psychosis patients (FEPp) and 567 population controls who had used cannabis and reported their RFUC.We ran logistic regressions to examine whether RFUC were associated with first-episode psychosis (FEP) case-control status. Path analysis then examined the relationship between RFUC, subsequent patterns of cannabis use, and case-control status. ResultsControls (86.1%) and FEPp (75.63%) were most likely to report 'because of friends' as their most common RFUC. However, 20.1% of FEPp compared to 5.8% of controls reported: 'to feel better' as their RFUC (chi(2) = 50.97; p < 0.001). RFUC 'to feel better' was associated with being a FEPp (OR 1.74; 95% CI 1.03-2.95) while RFUC 'with friends' was associated with being a control (OR 0.56; 95% CI 0.37-0.83). The path model indicated an association between RFUC 'to feel better' with heavy cannabis use and with FEPp-control status. ConclusionsBoth FEPp and controls usually started using cannabis with their friends, but more patients than controls had begun to use 'to feel better'. People who reported their reason for first using cannabis to 'feel better' were more likely to progress to heavy use and develop a psychotic disorder than those reporting 'because of friends'.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Women's multi-partner behavior, multi-partner fertility, and pregnancy outcomes: findings from the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort
    (2023) HOUVESSOU, Gbenankpon Mathias; MATIJASEVICH, Alicia; FARIAS-ANTUNEZ, Simone; TOVO-RODRIGUES, Luciana; SILVEIRA, Mariangela Freitas da; SANTOS, Ina S.
    STUDY QUESTION: Do women with multi-partner fertility or multi-partner behavior conceive more often than women with a single partner?SUMMARY ANSWER: Women with multi-partner behavior conceived more frequently and had more children than non-multi-partner women and multi-partner fertility women.WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Some women experience having biological children with more than one partner: those women are considered as multi-partner fertility. Women with multi-partner fertility have more children and are substantially less likely to have planned their first birth. Individuals with multi-partner fertility become parents at a younger age, largely with unintended first births, and often do so outside of marriage, compared to parents with two or more children from only one partner. Unmarried women, particularly, are at greater risk of having unintended births. Studies are still scarce and there is a need to assess the contribution of women's multi-partners fertility and multi-partner behavior to family composition, particularly in low- and middle-income countries.STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: This longitudinal birth cohort study evaluated 1215 mothers whose children belonging to the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort were their first pregnancy, and who attended the perinatal, 48-month, 6-year, and 11-year follow-ups. Information was obtained from responses to a questionnaire. The number of years at risk of having children was treated as the exposure, and woman's multi-partner behavior and multi-partner fertility, dichotomized as 'Yes' or 'No', were considered endogenous treatment variables.PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Data from mothers with a first pregnancy, and with information available from the perinatal, 48-month, 6-year, and 11-year follow-ups, were evaluated. The exposures studied were women's multi-partner behavior and multi-partner fertility (i.e. conceiving/giving birth), and the outcomes evaluated were the number of pregnancies, the number of children currently alive, and experience of unintended pregnancies from the birth of the child belonging to the 2004 birth cohort until 11 years later. Crude and adjusted risk ratios (RRs) were estimated through Poisson regression with endogenous treatment effects, robust standard errors, and their respective 95% CI.MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: Multi-partner behavior women had 16% (RR 1.16; 95% CI: 1.08-1.25) and 11% (RR 1.11; 95% CI 1.03-1.19) greater risk of having a new pregnancy and having more children alive, respectively, than those with non-multi-partner behavior. Women with multi-partner fertility had a 23% (RR 1.23; 95% CI: 1.11-1.37) and 20% (RR 1.20; 95% CI: 1.08-1.33) higher risk of having a new pregnancy and having more children alive, respectively, than single-partner fertility mothers. Women who had multiple partners (i.e. behavior), as well as those with multi-partner fertility, showed a lesser proportion of unintended pregnancies when compared to the non-multi-partner ones (34.08%; 95% CI: 28.12-40.60 vs 36.17%; 95% CI: 31.93-40.63), compared to their counterparts' single partners fertility (33.16%; 95% CI: 26.83-40.17 vs 36.26%; 95% CI: 31.85-40.92), although these findings were not statistically significant.LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: The mothers who were not included in the study owing to missing data for some of the follow-up had 5-11 years of education, a low socio-economic level, and were younger, thus the number of pregnancies may be underestimated because these groups presented a high number of pregnancies and children alive. We did not have information about the complete woman's conjugal history. Therefore, misclassification error of the exposure may be present and, consequently, the measures of association may be underestimated. Furthermore, this study was not truly representative of the Pelotas study female population.WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: In this study of multi-partner behavior and fertility, women who have multiple partners may be less likely to get married and have a stable partner. Compared to single-partner women, multi-partner fertility and multi-partner behavior women may predominantly become pregnant for the purpose of having children, rather than accidentally.STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): This article is based on data from the study 'Pelotas Birth Cohort, 2004' conducted by the Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology at the Universidade Federal de Pelotas, with the collaboration of the Brazilian Public Health Association (ABRASCO). From 2009 to 2013, the Wellcome Trust supported the 2004 birth cohort study. The World Health Organization, National Support Program for Centers of Excellence (PRONEX), Brazilian National Research Council (CNPq), Brazilian Ministry of Health, and Children's Pastorate supported previous phases of the study, and also was financed in part by the Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior-Brasil (CAPES)-Finance Code 001. The authors declare that the supported agencies have no role in any step of performing this study. No conflicts of interest exist.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Phylogenetics, Epidemiology and Temporal Patterns of Dengue Virus in Araraquara, São Paulo State
    (2024) SOUZA, Caio Santos de; CALEIRO, Giovana Santos; CLARO, Ingra Morales; JESUS, Jaqueline Goes de; COLETTI, Thais Moura; SILVA, Camila Alves Maia da; COSTA, Angela Aparecida; INENAMI, Marta; RIBEIRO, Andreia C.; FELIX, Alvina Clara; PAULA, Anderson Vicente de; FIGUEIREDO, Walter M.; LUNA, Expedito Jose de Albuquerque; SABINO, Ester C.; ROMANO, Camila M.
    Dengue virus (DENV) is a prominent arbovirus with global spread, causing approximately 390 million infections each year. In Brazil, yearly epidemics follow a well-documented pattern of serotype replacement every three to four years on average. Araraquara, located in the state of Sao Paulo, has faced significant impacts from DENV epidemics since the emergence of DENV-1 in 2010. The municipality then transitioned from low to moderate endemicity in less than 10 years. Yet, there remains an insufficient understanding of virus circulation dynamics, particularly concerning DENV-1, in the region, as well as the genetic characteristics of the virus. To address this, we sequenced 37 complete or partial DENV-1 genomes sampled from 2015 to 2022 in Araraquara. Then, using also Brazilian and worldwide DENV-1 sequences we reconstructed the evolutionary history of DENV-1 in Araraquara and estimated the time to the most recent common ancestor (tMRCA) for serotype 1, for genotype V and its main lineages. Within the last ten years, there have been at least three introductions of genotype V in Araraquara, distributed in two main lineages (L Ia and L Ib, and L II). The tMRCA for the first sampled lineage (2015/2016 epidemics) was approximately 15 years ago (in 2008). Crucially, our analysis challenges existing assumptions regarding the emergence time of the DENV-1 genotypes, suggesting that genotype V might have diverged more recently than previously described. The presence of the two lineages of genotype V in the municipality might have contributed to the extended persistence of DENV-1 in the region.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Prevalence and correlates of childhood anemia in the MINA-Brazil birth cohort
    (2023) CARDOSO, Marly A.; LOURENCO, Barbara H.; MATIJASEVICH, Alicia; CASTRO, Marcia C.; FERREIRA, Marcelo U.
    OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the prevalence and predictors of childhood anemia in an Amazonian population -based birth cohort study. METHODS: Prevalence of maternal anemia was estimated at delivery (hemoglobin [Hb] concentration < 110 g/L) in women participating in the MINA -Brazil birth cohort study and in their children, examined at ages one, two (Hb < 110 g/L), and five (Hb < 115 g/L). Moreover, ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor, and C -reactive protein concentrations were measured in mothers at delivery and in their 1- and 2 -year -old children to estimate the prevalence of iron deficiency and its contribution to anemia, while adjusting for potential confounders by multiple Poisson regression analysis (adjusted relative risk [RRa]). RESULTS: The prevalence 95% confidence interval (CI) of maternal anemia, iron deficiency, and iron -deficiency anemia at delivery were 17.3% (14.0-21.0%), 42.6% (38.0-47.2%), and 8.7% (6.3-11.6)%, respectively (n = 462). At one year of age (n = 646), 42.2% (38.7-45.8%) of the study children were anemic, 38.4% (34.6-42.3%) were iron -deficient, and 26.3 (23.0-29.9) had iron -deficiency anemia. At two years of age (n = 761), these values decreased to 12.8% (10.6-15.2%), 18.1% (15.5-21.1%), and 4.1% (2.8-5.7%), respectively; at five years of age (n = 655), 5.2% (3.6-7.2%) were anemic. Iron deficiency (RRa = 2.19; 95%CI: 1.84-2.60) and consumption of ultra -processed foods (UPF) (RRa = 1.56; 95%CI: 1.14-2.13) were significant contributors to anemia at 1 year, after adjusting for maternal schooling. At 2 years, anemia was significantly associated with maternal anemia at delivery (RRa: 1.67; 95%CI: 1.17-2.39), malaria since birth (2.25; 1.30-3.87), and iron deficiency (2.15; 1.47-3.15), after adjusting for children's age and household wealth index. CONCLUSIONS: Anemia continues to be highly prevalent during pregnancy and early childhood in the Amazon. Public health policies should address iron deficiency, UPF intake, maternal anemia, and malaria to prevent and treat anemia in Amazonian children. DESCRIPTORS: Anemia, Iron Deficiency. Malaria; Risk Factors. Cohort Studies.