(Fonte: Lattes)
Índice h a partir de 2011
Projetos de Pesquisa
Unidades Organizacionais
Instituto Central, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina
LIM/55 - Laboratório de Urologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina - Líder

Resultados de Busca

Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 44
  • article 14 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    O ozônio diminui a qualidade do sêmen em pacientes com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico
    (2016) FARHAT, Juliana; FARHAT, Sylvia Costa Lima; BRAGA, Alfesio Luis Ferreira; COCUZZA, Marcello; BORBA, Eduardo Ferreira; BONFA, Eloisa; SILVA, Clovis Artur
    Objective: To investigate the deleterious effects of air pollutants exposure in the Sao Paulo metropolitan region on semen quality in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: A seven-years longitudinal repeated-measures panel study was performed at the Laboratory of Experimental Air Pollution and Rheumatology Division. Two semen samples from 28 post-pubertal SLE patients were analyzed. Daily concentrations of air pollutants exposure: PM10, SO2, NO2, ozone, CO, and meteorological variables were evaluated on 90 days before each semen collection dates using generalized estimating equation models. Results: Intravenous cyclophosphamide (IVCYC) and ozone had an association with a decrease in sperm quality of SLE patients. IVCYC was associated with decreases of 64.3 million of spermatozoa/mL (95% CI 39.01-89.65; p = 0.0001) and 149.14 million of spermatozoa/ejaculate (95% CI 81.93-216.38; p = 0.017). With regard to ozone, the most relevant adverse effects were observed from lags 80-88, when the exposure to an interquartile range increase in ozone 9-day moving average concentration led to decreases of 22.9 million of spermatozoa/mL (95% CI 5.8-40.0; p = 0.009) and 70.5 million of spermatozoa/ejaculate (95% CI 12.3-128.7; p = 0.016). Further analysis of 17 patients that never used IVCYC showed association between exposure to ozone (80-88 days) and decrease of 30.0 million of spermatozoa/mL (95% CI 7.0-53.0; p = 0.011) and 79.0 million of spermatozoa/ejaculate (95% CI 2.1-155.9; p = 0.044). Conclusion: Ozone and IVCYC had a consistent adverse effect on semen quality of SLE patients during spermatogenesis. Minimizing exposure to air pollution should be taken into account, especially for patients with chronic systemic inflammatory diseases living in large cities.
  • bookPart 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Imaging modalities in the management of male infertility
    (2012) COCUZZA, M.; PAREKATTIL, S. J.
    Infertility affects approximately 15% of couples desiring conception, and male infertility underlies almost half of the cases. Assisted reproductive techniques (ART) are increasingly being used to overcome multiple sperm deficiencies and because of their effectiveness have been suggested by some to represent the treatment for all cases of male factor infertility regardless of etiology. Although the use of these technologies may allow infertile couples to achieve pregnancy rapidly, associated higher cost, potential safety issues, and considering the fear of transferring the unnecessary burden of invasive treatment on healthy female partners weigh down this treatment option heavily. Diagnostic imaging techniques may be indicated as part of the complete male fertility evaluation. Productive therapy can be instituted only after completion of a thorough evaluation that begins with a detailed, direct history and physical examination. Due to the introduction and enhancement of newer imaging modalities, reliable adjuncts to clinical examination can be obtained to diagnose a variety of causes of male infertility including varicocele, epididymal blockage, testicular microlithiasis, seminal vesicle agenesis, and ejaculatory obstruction. Imaging plays a key role in the evaluation of the hypospermia or azoospermic man. It can detect correctable abnormalities, which can lead to a successful conception. It can also reveal potentially life-threatening disorders in the course of an infertility evaluation as testicular tumors. The goal of this chapter is to provide the reader with a foundation for a comprehensive evaluation of the male partner as well as emerging technologies that can improve the treatment of correctable causes of male infertility. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012. All rights reserved.
  • article 22 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Penile anthropometry in systemic lupus erythematosus patients
    (2011) VECCHI, A. P.; BORBA, E. F.; BONFA, E.; COCUZZA, M.; PIERI, P.; KIM, C. A.; SILVA, C. A.
    The aim of this study was to evaluate penile anthropometry in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients compared with healthy controls and the possible relevant pubertal, clinical, hormonal and treatment factors that could influence penile dimensions. Twenty-five consecutive SLE patients were assessed by urological examination, sexual function, testicular ultrasound, hormones, sperm analysis, genetic analysis, clinical features and treatment. The control group included 25 age-matched healthy males. SLE patients had a lower median penis length and circumference [8 (7.5-10) vs. 10 (8-13) cm, p = 0.0001; 8 (7-10) vs. 10 (7-11) cm, p = 0.001; respectively], lower median testicular volume by right and left Prader [15 (10-25) vs. 20 (12-25) ml, p = 0.003; 15 (10-25) vs. 20 (12-25) ml, p = 0.006; respectively], higher median of follicle-stimulating hormone [5.8 (2.1-25) vs. 3.3 (1.9-9) IU/l, p = 0.002] and lower morning total testosterone levels (28% vs. 0%, p = 0.009) compared with controls. In spite of that, erectile dysfunction was not observed in patients or controls. Analyses of lupus patients revealed that the median penis circumference was lower in patients with disease onset before first ejaculation compared with those with disease onset after first ejaculation [7.8 (7-10) vs. 9.0 (7.5-10) cm, p = 0.026]. No differences were observed in the median penile anthropometry regarding sexual dysfunction (p = 0.610), lower morning total testosterone levels (p = 0.662), oligo/azoospermia (p = 0.705), SLE Disease Activity Index >= 4 (p = 0.562), Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/ACR Damage Index >= 1 (p = 0.478), prednisone cumulative dose (p = 0.789) and intravenous cyclophosphamide therapy (p = 0.754). Klinefelters syndrome (46XY/47XXY) was diagnosed in one (4%) SLE patient with decreased penile size whereas Y-chromosomal microdeletions was absent in all of them. In conclusion, we have identified reduced penile dimensions in SLE patients with no deleterious effect in erectile function. Disease onset before first ejaculation seems to affect penis development in pre-pubertal lupus. Lupus (2011) 20, 512-518.
  • bookPart
    Varicocele - fator masculino
    (2013) COCUZZA, Marcello Antonio Signorelli; PAGANI, Rodrigo Lessi
  • article 5 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Development of an animal model for endometrial ablation using trichloroacetic acid
    (2011) COCUZZA, Mariana Amora; COCUZZA, Marcello; MACIEL, Gustavo A. R.; MOTTA, Eduardo Vieira da; CARDOSO, Ana P. T.; SOARES JR., Jose M.; BARACAT, Edmund C.
    Objective: To develop an animal model of endometrial ablation, and to evaluate the histologic effects of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) in the uterine cavity. Design: Experimental prospective. Setting: Department of gynecology. Patient(s): Thirty female adult rats. Intervention(s): Animals were submitted to injection of TCA in one uterine horn and saline solution in the other. Group 1 was sacrificed the day after the procedure. Group 2 was sacrificed in phase of diestrus. Superficial epithelia of the endometrium, stromal thickness, endometrial glands, and myometrium thickness were compared among the uterine horns of the same rats of group 1. The same evaluation was performed in group 2. Endometrial regeneration was evaluated. Main Outcome Measure(s): Histologic effects. Result(s): In group 1, histologic parameters showed endometrial destruction on TCA injected uterine horn. In group 2, four rats died after the procedure, and six rats had no viable material. In the rest of the group, TCA-injected uterine horns showed endometrial destruction. Superficial epithelia of the endometrium and stromal thickness were similar between TCA uterine horn from groups. However, the number of endometrial glands was higher in group 1. Conclusion(s): The study developed an experimental model for endometrial ablation. TCA acid is a potent agent for endometrial ablation in rat model. No endometrial regeneration was observed after recovery of cycle. (Fertil Steril (R) 2011; 95: 2418-21. (C) 2011 by American Society for Reproductive Medicine.)
  • bookPart 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Evaluation of men with unexplained infertility
    (2015) COCUZZA, M.; TISEO, B. C.
    Infertility affects approximately 15 % of couples desiring conception and male infertility underlies nearly half of the cases. However, despite the diagnostic advances in male infertility field, approximately 30 % of patients still have no apparent cause for their infertility problem. Although it is anticipated that future developments will allow identification of the etiology for subfertility in these patients, at present they are considered unexplained disorders that challenge specific treatment recommendations. The use of assisted reproductive techniques (ART) to overcome male infertility is increasing, and due to its effectiveness, this treatment modality has been suggested by some to be used as the treatment of choice in the majority of the cases of male factor infertility regardless of etiology. Although the use of ART may allow infertile couples to achieve pregnancy rapidly, the fear of transferring the unnecessary burden of invasive treatment on healthy female partners weigh down this treatment option heavily. The true litmus test for male fertility remains the ability to generate pregnancy in vivo. Although seminal parameters are used as a surrogate measure of a man’s fertility potential, it is definitely not a direct measure by any means. Seminal parameters between the reference ranges not reflect defects in sperm function. Thus, the assessment of sperm structure and function has gained interest and resulted in the development of the new techniques that are presented in this chapter. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2015.
  • article 19 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Impact of body mass index, age and varicocele on reproductive hormone profile from elderly men
    Objectives: To study the impact of obesity, age and varicocele on sexual hormones fof adult and elderly men. Materials and Methods: 875 men who were screened for prostate cancer were enrolled in this study. Data recorded comprised age, body mass index (BMI), serum levels of total testosterone (TT), free testosterone (FT), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicular stimulating hormone (FSH). Patients were divided in groups according to their BMI in underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese grades 1, 2 or 3. First, it was studied the association between age, BMI, and hormone profile. Then, clinical varicocele was evaluated in 298 patients to assess its correlation to the others parameters. Results: Obese patients had lower levels of TT, FT and SHBG (p<0.001) compared to underweight or normal weight patients. There were no differences in age (p=0.113), FSH serum levels (p=0.863) and LH serum levels (p=0.218) between obese and non-obese patients. Obese grade 3 had lower levels of TT and FT compared to obese grade 1 and 2 (p<0.05). There was no difference in the SHBG levels (p=0.120) among obese patients. There was no association between varicocele and BMI; and varicocele did not impact on testosterone or SHBG levels. Conclusions: Men with higher BMI have a lower serum level of TT, FT and SHBG. The presence of clinical varicocele as well as its grade has no impact on hormone profile in elderly men.
  • article 5 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Gonadal Function and Reproductive System Anatomy in Postpubertal Prune-Belly Syndrome Patients
    (2020) LOPES, Roberto Iglesias; TAVARES, Alessandro; DENES, Francisco Tibor; COCUZZA, Marcello
    OBJECTIVE To gain insight into the causes of infertility in Prune Belly Syndrome (PBS) by evaluating reproductive system anatomy and gonadal function in a cohort of postpubertal PBS patients. METHODS We contacted all PBS patients 14 years old or older treated and followed at our institution. Age at orchiopexy, type of orchiopexy (with or without ligation of gonadal vessels), testicular volumes and positions were evaluated. Pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (to assess prostate size, seminal vesicles, and vas) and hormonal profile were ordered. Sperm analysis and analysis of urine after masturbation were performed after informed consent. RESULTS Fifteen patients were included in this study. Mean age was 19.2 years. Mean age at orchiopexy was 18 months. Fourteen patients (93.3%) had normal and orthotopic testes. Mean testicular volume was 6.9 cc. Eight patients collected semen, 5 of them (62.5%) had spermatozoa in the specimen and motile sperm was found in 4 (50%). Mean hormone levels were LH: 5.3 mg/dL, FSH: 6.9 mg/dL, testosterone 531 mg/dL. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed hypoplastic prostates in 66.6% and unilateral seminal vesicle absence in 66.6%. No vasal abnormality was noted. CONCLUSION Patients with PBS may have normal sexual hormonal levels. Motile spermatozoa were found in half of the patients. Our study highlights a high prevalence of prostate and seminal vesicle abnormalities that may represent an important cause for their infertility. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    The obesity paradox in varicocele - is the protective effect real? EDITORIAL COMMENT
    (2021) ESTEVES, Sandro C.; COCUZZA, Marcello S.