(Fonte: Lattes)
Índice h a partir de 2011
Projetos de Pesquisa
Unidades Organizacionais
Instituto Central, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina
LIM/07 - Laboratório de Gastroenterologia Clínica e Experimental, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina

Resultados de Busca

Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 98
  • article 9 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Neotropical echinococcosis: Second report of Echinococcus vogeli natural infection in its main definitive host, the bush dog (Speothos venaticus)
    (2014) SOARES, Manoel do Carmo Pereira; SOUZA, Alex Junior Souza de; MALHEIROS, Andreza Pinheiro; NUNES, Heloisa Marceliano; CARNEIRO, Liliane Almeida; ALVES, Max Moreira; CONCEICAO, Bernardo Farias da; GOMES-GOUVEA, Michele Soares; POVOA, Marinete Marins
    The bush dog (Speothos venaticus) acts as the natural definitive host in the life cycle of Echinococcus vogeli, the causative agent of polycystic hydatid disease, a zoonotic neglected disease in the South America. We report a case of natural infection by Echinococcus vogeli in a bush dog from the Brazilian Amazon, confirmed by the morphological and morphometric examination of adult parasites and their hooks obtained from the small intestine of the canid. Additionally, mitochondrial DNA sequence analysis corroborated these findings. This is the second report of natural infection by E. vogeli in a bush dog.
  • article 39 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Dynamics of Hepatitis D (delta) virus genotype 3 in the Amazon region of South America
    (2011) ALVARADO-MORA, Monica Viviana; ROMANO, Camila Malta; GOMES-GOUVEA, Michele Soares; GUTIERREZ, Maria Fernanda; CARRILHO, Flair Jose; PINHO, Joao Renato Rebello
    Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is widely distributed and associated with fulminant hepatitis epidemics in areas with high prevalence of HBV. Several studies performed in the 1980s showed data on HDV infection in South America, but there are no studies on the viral dynamics of this virus. The aim of this study was to conduct an evolutionary analysis of hepatitis delta genotype 3 (HDV/3) prevalent in South America: estimate its nucleotide substitution rate, determine the time of most recent ancestor (TMRCA) and characterize the epidemic history and evolutionary dynamics. Furthermore, we characterized the presence of HBV/HDV infection in seven samples collected from patients who died due to fulminant hepatitis from Amazon region in Colombia and included them in the evolutionary analysis. This is the first study reporting HBV and HDV sequences from the Amazon region of Colombia. Of the seven Colombian patients, five were positive for HBV-DNA and HDV-RNA. Of them, two samples were successfully sequenced for HBV (subgenotypes F3 and Fib) and the five samples HDV positive were classified as HDV/3. By using all HDV/3 available reference sequences with sampling dates (n = 36), we estimated the HDV/3 substitution rate in 1.07 x 10(-3) substitutions per site per year (s/s/y), which resulted in a time to the most recent common ancestor (TMRCA) of 85 years. Also, it was determined that HDV/3 spread exponentially from early 1950s to the 1970s in South America. This work discusses for the first time the viral dynamics for the HDV/3 circulating in South America. We suggest that the measures implemented to control HBV transmission resulted in the control of HDV/3 spreading in South America, especially after the important raise in this infection associated with a huge mortality during the 1950s up to the 1970s. The differences found among HDV/3 and the other HDV genotypes concerning its diversity raises the hypothesis of a different origin and/or a different transmission route.
  • conferenceObject
    (2018) CASOTTI, Marcia; TUAN, Roseli; GOMES, Michele; LUNA, Expedito Albuquerque; DIAS-NETO, Emmanuel; PAULA, Fabiana; PINHO, Joao Rebello; CARRILHO, Flair; GRYSCHEK, Ronaldo Borges; ESPIRITO-SANTO, Maria
  • article 2 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    High prevalence of hepatitis B virus and low vaccine response in children and adolescents in Northeastern Brazil
    (2023) CASTRO, Rogerio Soares; CORDEIRO, Barbara Silva; ROLIM, Marco Aurelio Ferreira; COSTA, Alessandra Porto de Macedo; SANTOS, Max Diego Cruz; SILVA, Marcos Antonio Custodio Neto da; ALBUQUERQUE, Ingrid de Campos; FONSECA, Lena Maria Barros; PINHO, Joao Renato Rebello; GOUVEA, Michelle Soares Gomes; SILVA, Antonio Augusto Moura da; FERREIRA, Adalgisa de Souza Paiva
    Children have an increased likelihood of becoming carriers of the chronic hepatitis B virus. A total of 1,381 children and adolescents were assessed in five municipalities of Maranhao State, Brazil, for detection of anti-HBc, HBsAg and anti-HBs serologic markers and sociodemographic and behavioral features. Among those who were HBsAg negative and anti-HBc negative, the proportion of anti-HBs positives was calculated after the individuals had completed the vaccination schedule. The robust variance of the Poisson's regression model was used in order to have adjusted tables and calculate the prevalence ratio. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify the factors associated with the prevalence of anti-HBc with or without HBsAg and the vaccine response. It was observed that 163 children were anti-HBc positive and nine individuals were HBsAg positive. The factors associated with the infection were: municipality of residence (residing in Morros municipality or Humberto de Campos municipality), residence in a rural area, aged between 13 and 15 years old, and illicit drug use. The percentage of individuals who were anti-HBc negative and received all three doses of the vaccine was 48.5%. Among these, only 276 (38.9%) had antibodies at protective concentrations. In an adjusted analysis, Morros municipality presented an increased positivity of vaccine response (p < 0.001), and the age ranging between 6 and 10 years old presented a reduced frequency of response. This study reveals a high prevalence of current and past HBV infection within the targeted age group which, in addition to the low vaccination coverage and serological responses, raises concerns about the management of prevention measures, especially the quality of vaccination in these locations.
  • article 42 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and Hepatitis Delta (HDV) Viruses in the Colombian Population-How Is the Epidemiological Situation?
    (2011) ALVARADO-MORA, Monica Viviana; FERNANDEZ, Maria Fernanda Gutierrez; GOMES-GOUVEA, Michele Soares; AZEVEDO NETO, Raymundo Soares de; CARRILHO, Flair Jose; PINHO, Joao Renato Rebello
    Background: Viral hepatitis B, C and delta still remain a serious problem worldwide. In Colombia, data from 1980s described that HBV and HDV infection are important causes of hepatitis, but little is known about HCV infection. The aim of this study was to determine the currently frequency of HBV, HCV and HDV in four different Colombian regions. Methodology/Principal Findings: This study was conducted in 697 habitants from 4 Colombian departments: Amazonas, Choco, Magdalena and San Andres Islands. Epidemiological data were obtained from an interview applied to each individual aiming to evaluate risk factors related to HBV, HCV or HDV infections. All samples were tested for HBsAg, anti-HBc, anti-HBs and anti-HCV markers. Samples that were positive to HBsAg and/or anti-HBc were tested to anti-HDV. Concerning the geographical origin of the samples, the three HBV markers showed a statistically significant difference: HBsAg (p = 0.033) and anti-HBc (p < 0.001) were more frequent in Amazonas and Magdalena departments. Isolated anti-HBs (a marker of previous vaccination) frequencies were: Choco (53.26%), Amazonas (32.88%), Magdalena (17.0%) and San Andres (15.33%) p < 0.001. Prevalence of anti-HBc increased with age; HBsAg varied from 1.97 to 8.39% (p = 0.033). Amazonas department showed the highest frequency for anti-HCV marker (5.68%), while the lowest frequency was found in San Andres Island (0.66%). Anti-HDV was found in 9 (5.20%) out of 173 anti-HBc and/or HBsAg positive samples, 8 of them from the Amazonas region and 1 from them Magdalena department. Conclusions/Significance: In conclusion, HBV, HCV and HDV infections are detected throughout Colombia in frequency levels that would place some areas as hyperendemic for HBV, especially those found in Amazonas and Magdalena departments. Novel strategies to increase HBV immunization in the rural population and to strengthen HCV surveillance are reinforced by these results.
  • article 16 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Resistance mutations are rare among protease inhibitor treatment-naive hepatitis C genotype-1 patients with or without HIV coinfection
    (2015) LISBOA-NETO, Gaspar; NOBLE, Caroline F.; PINHO, Joao R. Rebello; MALTA, Fernanda M.; GOMES-GOUVEA, Michele S.; ALVARADO-MORA, Monica V.; SILVA, Mariliza H. da; LEITE, Andrea G. B.; PICCOLI, Leonora Z.; RODRIGUES, Flaviane K.; CARRILHO, Flair J.; MENDES-CORREA, Maria C.
    Background: HCV has a high replication rate and a lack of proofreading activity, leading to a greatly diverse viral population. This diversity may lead to emergence of resistant strains in direct-acting antiviral therapy. The frequency of naturally occurring HCV protease inhibitor (PI) mutations has been addressed in many countries, but there are few data on the prevalence of these mutations in Brazilian patients. Methods: We evaluated the sequence of HCV NS3 protease gene in 247 patients (135 HCV-monoinfected and 112 HIV-HCV-coinfected patients). HCV RNA was extracted from plasma and a fragment of 765 base pairs from the NS3 region was amplified and sequenced with Sanger-based technology. Results: HIV-HCV-coinfected patients were more likely to be older than 40 years and have an HCV subtype-1a infection. Overall, 21.9% of patients had at least one amino acid substitution in the NS3 region; 14 patients (5.7%) harboured at least one resistance mutation (T54S, V55A, Q80R) and the Q80K mutation was not found in our case series. There was no difference between monoinfected and coinfected patients regarding the frequency of natural polymorphisms and resistance mutations. Conclusions: Baseline HCV NS3 amino acid substitutions identified herein are considered mostly natural polymorphisms with no clinical impact on PI-based therapy. The identified resistance mutations may be associated with low-level resistance to PIs in vitro. Q80K substitution seems to be a rare event in Brazil. HIV coinfection was not associated with a greater frequency of such substitutions in the studied sample.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Analysis of the complete genome of HBV genotypes F and H found in Brazil and Mexico using the next generation sequencing method
    (2022) GIONDA, Patricia Oliveira; GOMES-GOUVEA, Michele; MALTA, Fernanda de Mello; SEBE, Pedro; SALLES, Ana Paula Moreira; FRANCISCO, Rodrigo Dos Santos; JOSE-ABREGO, Alexis; ROMAN, Sonia; PANDURO, Arturo; PINHO, Joao Renato Rebello
    Introduction and Objectives: Hepatitis B Virus is classified into ten different genotypes (A-J). Genotypes F and H cluster apart from others in phylogenetic trees and is particularly frequent in the Americas. The aim of this study was to sequence complete genomes of samples of HBV genotypes F and H from Brazil and Mexico using next generation sequencing (NGS) and to study relevant characteristics for the disease associated with this virus. Materials and methods: Ninety plasma samples with detectable HBV DNA belonging to the F (n=59) and H (n=31) genotypes were submitted to amplification of the complete HBV genome by three different methologies. Data analysis was developed using bioinformatics tools for quality assurance and comprehensive coverage of the genome. Sequences were aligned with reference sequences for subgenotyping and detecting variants in relevant positions. A phylogenetical tree was constructed using Bayesian methods. Results: HBV genome of 31 samples were amplified and 18 of them were sequenced (HBV/F=16 and HBV/H=2). One genotype F sample was co-infected with the F1b and F3 subgenotypes, while the other samples were all F2a subgenotype. Two genotype H samples clustered with other Mexican sequences. The main variants observed were found in preS and S genes (7/18) and mutations in the precore/core region (11/18). Conclusions: A NGS methodology was applied to F and H genotypes samples from Mexico and Brazil to fully characterize their sequences. This methodology will be relevant for clinical and epidemiological studies of hepatitis B in Latin America (C) 2021 Fundacion Clinica Medica Sur, A.C.
  • conferenceObject
    (2017) CASOTTI, Marcia Oliveira; TUAN, Roseli Tuan; GOMES, Michele; DIAS-NETO, Emmanuel; PINHO, Joao Renato Rebello; PAULA, Fabiana Martins; CARRILHO, Flair Jose Carrilho Jose; LUNA, Expedito Jose Albuquerque; GRYSCHEK, Ronaldo Cesar Borges Borges; ESPIRITO-SANTO, Maria Cristina
  • article 11 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Occult hepatitis B virus infection among blood donors from the Brazilian Amazon: implications for transfusion policy
    (2014) MORESCO, M. N. dos S.; VIRGOLINO, H. de A.; MORAIS, M. P. E. de; MOTTA-PASSOS, I. da; GOMES-GOUVEA, M. S.; ASSIS, L. M. S. de; AGUIAR, K. R. de L.; LOMBARDI, S. C. F.; MALHEIRO, A.; CAVALHEIRO, N. de P.; LEVI, J. E.; TORRES, K. L.
    Background Brazil requires the performance of both a test for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and a test for antibodies to the core of hepatitis B for blood donor screening. Blood centres in regions of high HBV endemicity struggle to maintain adequate stocks in face of the high discard rates due to anti-HBc reactivity. We evaluated the potential infectivity of donations positive for anti-HBc in search of a rational approach for the handling of these collections. Study Design and Methods We tested anti-HBc reactive blood donations from the state of Amazonas for the presence of HBV DNA and for titres of anti-HBs. The study population consists of village-based donors from the interior of Amazonas state. Results Among 3600 donations, 799 were anti-HBc reactive (22.2%). We were able to perform real-time PCR for the HBV S gene on specimens from 291 of these donors. Eight of these samples were negative for HBsAg and positive for HBV DNA and were defined as occult B virus infections (2.7%). Six of those eight specimens had anti-HBs titres above 100 mIU/ml, indicating the concomitant presence of the virus with high antibody titres. Conclusion A small proportion of anti-HBc reactive donors carry HBV DNA and anti-HBs testing is not useful for predicting viremia on them. This finding indicates the possibility of HBV transmission from asymptomatic donors, especially in areas of high HBV prevalence. Sensitive HBV DNA nucleic acid testing may provide another level of safety, allowing eventual use of anti-HBc reactive units in critical situations.
  • article 21 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Multilocus Sequence Typing of Candida tropicalis Shows the Presence of Different Clonal Clusters and Fluconazole Susceptibility Profiles in Sequential Isolates from Candidemia Patients in Sao Paulo, Brazil
    (2013) MAGRI, Marcello Mihailenko Chaves; GOMES-GOUVEA, Michele Soares; FREITAS, Vera Lucia Teixeira de; MOTTA, Adriana Lopes; MORETTI, Maria Luiza; SHIKANAI-YASUDA, Maria Aparecida
    The profiles of 61 Candida tropicalis isolates from 43 patients (28 adults and 15 children) diagnosed with candidemia at two teaching hospitals in Sao Paulo, Brazil, were characterized by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). For the 14 patients who had bloodstream infections, 32 isolates were serially collected from their blood and/or catheters. Thirty-nine diploid sequence types (DSTs) were differentiated. According to the C. tropicalis MLST database (http://pubmlst.org/ctropicalis/), 36 DSTs and 23 genotypes identified from the 61 isolates had not previously been described. This report represents the first study to characterize sequential isolates of C. tropicalis from candidemia cases in South America. Microvariation in a single gene was found in the sequential isolates from 7 patients. The main polymorphisms occurred in the alleles of the XYR1 gene, specifically at nucleotide positions 215, 242, and 344. Macrovariation in six gene fragments was detected in the isolates from 3 patients. eBURST analysis added two new groups to this study (groups 6 and 18). Additionally, susceptibility tests indicate that 3 isolates were resistant to fluconazole. No correlation was found between the DSTs and susceptibility to fluconazole and/or selective antifungal pressure. Two patients were sequentially infected with resistant and susceptible strains. MLST is an important tool for studying the genetic diversity of multiple/sequential isolates of patients with candidemia, allowing the comparison of our data with those from other regions of the world, as well as allowing an analysis of the genetic relationship among several clones in sequential isolates from the same or different candidemia patient sites (blood or catheter).