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LIM/21 - Laboratório de Neuroimagem em Psiquiatria, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina

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Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 78
  • conferenceObject
    (2020) VALIENGO, Leandro; SERPA, Mauricio; ELKIS, Helio; BILT, Martinus Van de; LACERDA, Acioly; GATTAZ, Wagner; BRUNONI, Andre
  • article 9 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Country-level gender inequality is associated with structural differences in the brains of women and men
    (2023) ZUGMAN, Andre; ALLIENDE, Luz Maria; MEDEL, Vicente; BETHLEHEM, Richard A. I.; SEIDLITZ, Jakob; RINGLEIN, Grace; ARANGO, Celso; ARNATKEVICIUTE, Aurina; ASMAL, Laila; BELLGROVE, Mark; BENEGAL, Vivek; BERNARDO, Miquel; BILLEKE, Pablo; BOSCH-BAYARD, Jorge; BRESSAN, Rodrigo; BUSATTO, Geraldo F.; CASTRO, Mariana N.; CHAIM-AVANCINI, Tiffany; COMPTE, Albert; COSTANZI, Monise; CZEPIELEWSKI, Leticia; DAZZAN, Paola; FUENTE-SANDOVAL, Camilo de la; FORTI, Marta Di; DIAZ-CANEJA, Covadonga M.; DIAZ-ZULUAGA, Ana Maria; PLESSIS, Stefan Du; DURAN, Fabio L. S.; FITTIPALDI, Sol; FORNITO, Alex; FREIMER, Nelson B.; GADELHA, Ary; GAMA, Clarissa S.; GARANI, Ranjini; GARCIA-RIZO, Clemente; CAMPO, Cecilia Gonzalez; GONZALEZ-VALDERRAMA, Alfonso; GUINJOAN, Salvador; HOLLA, Bharath; IBANEZ, Agustin; IVANOVIC, Daniza; JACKOWSKI, Andrea; LEON-ORTIZ, Pablo; LOCHNER, Christine; LOPEZ-JARAMILLO, Carlos; LUCKHOFF, Hilmar; MASSUDA, Raffael; MCGUIRE, Philip; MIYATAAAA, Jun; MIZRAHI, Romina; MURRAY, Robin; OZERDEM, Aysegul; PAN, Pedro M.; PARELLADA, Mara; PHAHLADIRA, Lebogan; RAMIREZ-MAHALU, Juan P.; RECKZIEGEL, Ramiro; MARQUES, Tiago Reis; REYES-MADRIGAL, Francisco; ROOS, Annerine; ROSA, Pedro; SALUM, Giovanni; SCHEFFLER, Freda; SCHUMANN, Gunter; SERPA, Mauricio; STEIN, Dan J.; TEPPER, Angeles; TIEGO, Jeggan; UENO, Tsukasa; UNDURRAGA, Juan; UNDURRAG, Eduardo A.; VALDES-SOSAOOO, Pedro; VALLIY, Isabel; VILLARREALU, Mirta; WINTON-BROWNRRR, Toby T.; YALIN, Nefize; ZAMORANO, Francisco; ZANETTI, Marcus V.; WINKLER, Anderson M.; PINE, Daniel S.; EVANS-LACKO, Sara; CROSSLEY, Nicolas A.
    Gender inequality across the world has been associated with a higher risk to mental health problems and lower academic achievement in women compared to men. We also know that the brain is shaped by nurturing and adverse socio-environmental experiences. Therefore, unequal exposure to harsher conditions for women compared to men in gender-unequal countries might be reflected in differences in their brain structure, and this could be the neural mechanism partly explaining women's worse outcomes in gender-unequal countries. We examined this through a random-effects meta-analysis on cortical thickness and surface area differences between adult healthy men and women, including a meta-regression in which country-level gender inequality acted as an explanatory variable for the observed differences. A total of 139 samples from 29 different countries, totaling 7,876 MRI scans, were included. Thickness of the right hemisphere, and particularly the right caudal anterior cingulate, right medial orbitofrontal, and left lateral occipital cortex, presented no differences or even thicker regional cortices in women compared to men in gender-equal countries, reversing to thinner cortices in countries with greater gender inequality. These results point to the potentially hazardous effect of gender inequality on women's brains and provide initial evidence for neuroscience-informed policies for gender equality.
  • article 4 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Higher transcription alleles of the MAOA-uVNTR polymorphism are associated with higher seizure frequency in temporal lobe epilepsy
    (2019) VINCENTIIS, Silvia; ALCANTARA, Juliana; RZEZAK, Patricia; KERR, Daniel; SANTOS, Bernardo dos; ALESSI, Ruda; LINDEN, Helio van der; ARRUDA, Francisco; CHAIM-AVANCINI, Tiffany; SERPA, Mauricio; BUSATTO, Geraldo; GATTAZ, Wagner; DEMARQUE, Renata; VALENTE, Kette D.
    Background: There is evidence of an imbalance in the neuromodulatory system mediated by serotonin (5-HT) in patients with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). This study analyzed the monoamine oxidase A promoter variable number of tandem repeats (MAOA-uVNTR) polymorphism in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (TLE-HS). Therefore, we assessed the association between this genetic variant and seizure predisposition and severity in patients with TLE-HS. Methods: One hundred nineteen patients with TLE-HS and 113 healthy volunteers were assessed. First, we genotyped all individuals for the MAOA-uVNTR genetic polymorphism. Second, we compared patients and controls and evaluated clinical variants of epilepsy. Results: There was no difference between the TLE-HS and control groups regarding genotypic and allelic distributions of MAOA-uVNTR polymorphism (p = 1.000). Higher transcription alleles of the MAOA-uVNTR were associated with higher seizure frequency (p = 0.032) and bilateral tonic-clonic seizures (p = 0.016). Conclusions: In a selected group of patients with TLE-HS, the polymorphism MAOA-uVNTR was associated with some aspects of epilepsy severity, namely seizure frequency and bilateral tonic-clonic seizures.
  • conferenceObject
    Association between Childhood Adversity and Ultra-High Risk for Psychosis Status in a Populational Sample of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    (2017) LOCH, Alexandre; ALVES, Tania Maria; FREITAS, Elder Lanzani; HORTENCIO, Lucas; ANDRADE, Julio Cesar; BILT, Martinus Theodorus van de; FONTONI, Marcos Roberto; SERPA, Mauricio; CHIANCA, Camille; GATTAZ, Wagner Farid; ROESSLER, Wulf
  • article 28 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    A meta-analysis of deep brain structural shape and asymmetry abnormalities in 2,833 individuals with schizophrenia compared with 3,929 healthy volunteers via the ENIGMA Consortium
    (2022) GUTMAN, Boris A.; ERP, Theo G. M. van; ALPERT, Kathryn; CHING, Christopher R. K.; ISAEV, Dmitry; RAGOTHAMAN, Anjani; JAHANSHAD, Neda; SAREMI, Arvin; ZAVALIANGOS-PETROPULU, Artemis; GLAHN, David C.; SHEN, Li; CONG, Shan; ALNAES, Dag; ANDREASSEN, Ole Andreas; Nhat Trung Doan; WESTLYE, Lars T.; KOCHUNOV, Peter; SATTERTHWAITE, Theodore D.; WOLF, Daniel H.; HUANG, Alexander J.; KESSLER, Charles; WEIDEMAN, Andrea; NGUYEN, Dana; MUELLER, Bryon A.; FAZIOLA, Lawrence; POTKIN, Steven G.; PREDA, Adrian; MATHALON, Daniel H.; BUSTILLO, Juan; CALHOUN, Vince; FORD, Judith M.; WALTON, Esther; EHRLICH, Stefan; DUCCI, Giuseppe; BANAJ, Nerisa; PIRAS, Fabrizio; PIRAS, Federica; SPALLETTA, Gianfranco; CANALES-RODRIGUEZ, Erick J.; FUENTES-CLARAMONTE, Paola; POMAROL-CLOTET, Edith; RADUA, Joaquim; SALVADOR, Raymond; SARRO, Salvador; DICKIE, Erin W.; VOINESKOS, Aristotle; TORDESILLAS-GUTIERREZ, Diana; CRESPO-FACORRO, Benedicto; SETIEN-SUERO, Esther; SON, Jacqueline Mayoral van; BORGWARDT, Stefan; SCHOENBORN-HARRISBERGER, Fabienne; MORRIS, Derek; DONOHOE, Gary; HOLLERAN, Laurena; CANNON, Dara; MCDONALD, Colm; CORVIN, Aiden; GILL, Michael; BUSATTO FILHO, Geraldo; ROSA, Pedro G. P.; SERPA, Mauricio H.; V, Marcus Zanetti; LEBEDEVA, Irina; KALEDA, Vasily; TOMYSHEV, Alexander; CROW, Tim; JAMES, Anthony; CERVENKA, Simon; SELLGREN, Carl M.; FATOUROS-BERGMAN, Helena; AGARTZ, Ingrid; HOWELLS, Fleur; STEIN, Dan J.; TEMMINGH, Henk; UHLMANN, Anne; I, Greig de Zubicaray; MCMAHON, Katie L.; WRIGHT, Margie; COBIA, Derin; CSERNANSKY, John G.; THOMPSON, Paul M.; TURNER, Jessica A.; WANG, Lei
    Schizophrenia is associated with widespread alterations in subcortical brain structure. While analytic methods have enabled more detailed morphometric characterization, findings are often equivocal. In this meta-analysis, we employed the harmonized ENIGMA shape analysis protocols to collaboratively investigate subcortical brain structure shape differences between individuals with schizophrenia and healthy control participants. The study analyzed data from 2,833 individuals with schizophrenia and 3,929 healthy control participants contributed by 21 worldwide research groups participating in the ENIGMA Schizophrenia Working Group. Harmonized shape analysis protocols were applied to each site's data independently for bilateral hippocampus, amygdala, caudate, accumbens, putamen, pallidum, and thalamus obtained from T1-weighted structural MRI scans. Mass univariate meta-analyses revealed more-concave-than-convex shape differences in the hippocampus, amygdala, accumbens, and thalamus in individuals with schizophrenia compared with control participants, more-convex-than-concave shape differences in the putamen and pallidum, and both concave and convex shape differences in the caudate. Patterns of exaggerated asymmetry were observed across the hippocampus, amygdala, and thalamus in individuals with schizophrenia compared to control participants, while diminished asymmetry encompassed ventral striatum and ventral and dorsal thalamus. Our analyses also revealed that higher chlorpromazine dose equivalents and increased positive symptom levels were associated with patterns of contiguous convex shape differences across multiple subcortical structures. Findings from our shape meta-analysis suggest that common neurobiological mechanisms may contribute to gray matter reduction across multiple subcortical regions, thus enhancing our understanding of the nature of network disorganization in schizophrenia.
  • article 21 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Hearing spirits? Religiosity in individuals at risk for psychosis-Results from the Brazilian SSAPP cohort
    (2019) LOCH, Alexandre Andrade; FREITAS, Elder Lanzani; HORTENCIO, Lucas; CHIANCA, Camille; ALVES, Tania Maria; SERPA, Mauricio Henriques; ANDRADE, Julio Cesar; BILT, Martinus Theodorus van de; GATTAZ, Wagner Farid; ROESSLER, Wulf
    In the last decades, biological and environmental factors related to psychosis were investigated in individuals at ultra-risk for psychosis (UHR) to predict conversion. Although religion relates to psychosis in a variety of ways, it is understudied in subclinical samples. Therefore, we assessed the interplay between religion and prodromal symptoms in 79 UHR and 110 control individuals. They were interviewed with the Duke University Religion Index and the Structured Interview for Prodromal Syndromes (SIPS). Organizational religious activity, a measure of how often someone attends churches/temples, was positively related to perceptual abnormalities/hallucinations (Spearman's rho = 0.262, p = 0.02). This relationship was replicated in a path analysis model (beta = 0342, SE = 0.108, p = 0.002), as well as a link between organizational religious activity and lower ideational richness (beta = 0.401. SE = 0.105, p = 0.000) with no influence of sex, age, religious denomination, or socioeconomic class. Intrinsic religious activity was negatively correlated with suspiciousness (SIPS P2) (beta = -0.028, SE = 0.009, p = 0.002), and non-organizational religious activity was correlated with higher ideational richness (N5) (beta = -0220,SE = 0.097, p = 0.023). We hypothesize that subjects with subclinical psychosis may possibly use churches and other religious organizations to cope with hallucinations. Indeed, Brazil is characterized by a religious syncretism and a strong influence of Spiritism in the popular culture. The mediumistic idea that some might be able to hear and/or see spirits is probably employed to explain subclinical hallucinations in the lay knowledge. Our results emphasize the importance of assessing religion and other region-specific aspects of various cultures when studying UHR individuals. This sort of assessment would enhance understanding of differences in conversion rates, and would help to transpose prevention programs from high-income countries to other settings.
  • article 15 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Corpus callosum volumes in the 5 years following the first-episode of schizophrenia: Effects of antipsychotics, chronicity and maturation
    (2018) MOURA, Mariana T. M. de; ZANETTI, Marcus V.; DURAN, Fabio L. S.; SCHAUFELBERGER, Maristela S.; MENEZES, Paulo R.; SCAZUFCA, Marcia; BUSATTO, Geraldo F.; SERPA, Mauricio H.
    Background: White matter (WM) structural changes, particularly affecting the corpus callosum (CC), seem to be critically implicated in psychosis. Whether such abnormalities are progressive or static is still a matter of debate in schizophrenia research. Aberrant maturation processes might also influence the longitudinal trajectory of age-related CC changes in schizophrenia patients. We investigated whether patients with first-episode schizophreniarelated psychoses (FESZ) would present longitudinal CC and whole WM volume changes over the 5 years after disease onset. Method: Thirty-two FESZ patients and 34 controls recruited using a population-based design completed a 5-year assessment protocol, including structural MRI scanning at baseline and follow-up. The linear effects of disease duration, clinical outcome and antipsychotic (AP) use over time on WM and CC volumes were studied using both voxelwise and volume-based morphometry analyses. We also examined maturation/aging abnormalities through cross-sectional analyses of age-related trajectories of total WM and CC volume changes. Results: No interaction between diagnosis and time was observed, and clinical outcome did not influence CC volumes in patients. On the other hand, FESZ patients continuously exposed to AP medication showed volume increase over time in posterior CC. Curve-estimation analyses revealed a different aging pattern in FESZ patients versus controls: while patients displayed a linear decline of total WM and anterior CC volumes with age, a non-linear trajectory of total WM and relative preservation of CC volumes were observed in controls. Conclusions: Continuous AP exposure can influence CC morphology during the first years after schizophrenia onset. Schizophrenia is associated with an abnormal pattern of total WM and anterior CC aging during nonelderly adulthood, and this adds complexity to the discussion on the static or progressive nature of structural abnormalities in psychosis.
  • conferenceObject
    The Role Of Dopamine Transporter Intron 8 VNTR Polymorphism In The Occurrence Of Depression In Temporal Lobe Epilepsy
  • conferenceObject
    Treatment of Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenia With tDCS (Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation): A Randomized, Sham-Controlled, Double-Blinded Clinical Trial
    (2018) VALIENGO, Leandro; BILT, Martinus Theodorus van de; SERPA, Mauricio; GORDON, Pedro; HELKIS, Helio; GATTAZ, Wagner Farid; LACERDA, Acioly; BRUNONI, Andre
  • conferenceObject
    Distinct Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta and Phospholipase A2 Expression Profiles in Bipolar I and II Disorders
    (2016) ZANETTI, Marcus V.; MACHADO-VIEIRA, Rodrigo; JOAQUIM, Helena P. G.; CHAIM, Tiffany M.; SERPA, Mauricio H.; SOUSA, Rafael T. de; GATTAZ, Wagner F.; BUSATTO, Geraldo F.; TALIB, Leda L.