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LIM/07 - Laboratório de Gastroenterologia Clínica e Experimental, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina

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Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 65
  • article 5 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Ability of a Combined FIB4/miRNA181a Score to Predict Significant Liver Fibrosis in NAFLD Patients
    (2021) LIMA, Rodrigo Vieira Costa; STEFANO, Jose Tadeu; MALTA, Fernanda de Mello; PINHO, Joao Renato Rebello; CARRILHO, Flair Jose; ARRESE, Marco; OLIVEIRA, Claudia P.
    Liver biopsy is the gold standard for assessing fibrosis, but there is a need to seek non-invasive biomarkers for this purpose. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the serum levels of the microRNAs miR-21, miR-29a, miR-122, miR-155 and miR-181a and the phenotypic expression of NAFLD. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 108 NAFLD patients diagnosed by liver biopsy. FIB-4 and NAFLD fibrosis scores were calculated. The comparison between the distributions of microRNA values according to the presence or absence of histological fibrosis (F2-F4) was performed. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to build a score for predicting fibrosis using FIB-4 and Ln (miR-181a) as independent variables. Only miR-181a showed a statistical difference between patients with significant liver fibrosis (>F2) and those without (F0-F1) (p = 0.017). FIB-4 revealed an AUC on the ROC curve of 0.667 to predict clinically significant fibrosis (F2-F4). When assessed using the score in association with Ln (miR-181a), there was an improvement in the ROC curve, with an AUC of 0.71. miR-181a can be used as a non-invasive method of predicting fibrosis in NAFLD, and an association with FIB-4 has the potential to increase the accuracy of each method alone.
  • article 4 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Prevalence and Pattern of Resistance in NS5A/NS5B in Hepatitis C Chronic Patients Genotype 3 Examined at a Public Health Laboratory in the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    (2021) SANTOS, Ana Paula de Torres; SILVA, Vanessa Cristina Martins; MENDES-CORREA, Maria Cassia; LEMOS, Marcilio Figueiredo; MALTA, Fernanda de Mello; SANTANA, Rubia Anita Ferraz; DASTOLI, Gregorio Tadeu Fernando; CASTRO, Vanessa Fusco Duarte de; PINHO, Joao Renato Rebello; MOREIRA, Regina Celia
    Purpose: Globally, it is estimated that 71 million people are chronically infected with hepatitis C, and 10-20% of these will develop cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The development of new direct-acting antiviral (DAA) drugs has contributed to sustained virological response (SVR), eliminating the infection and achieving cure of chronic hepatitis C. However, treated patients can develop HCV resistance to DAAs, which can contribute to the failure of treatment. Here, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence and specific pattern of NS5A and NS5B resistance-associated substitutions (RAS) in samples from patients chronically infected with HCV genotype 3a at a public health laboratory, Instituto Adolfo Lutz, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Patients and Methods: Serum samples from the enrolled individuals were submitted to ""in-house"" polymerase chain reaction amplification of NS5A and NS5B non-structural protein genes, which were then sequenced by Sanger method. Results: A total of 170 and 190 samples were amplified and analyzed for NS5A and NS5B, respectively. For NS5A, 20 (12.0%) samples showed some important RAS; 16 (9.0%) showed some type of substitution and 134 (79.0%) showed no polymorphism. No sample showed any RAS for NS5B. Conclusion: This study found important RAS in samples from naive chronic HCV patients in some areas from Sao Paulo. The most prevalent were A62S, A30K, and Y93H, which could indicate an increase in resistance to some DAAs used in HCV treatment.
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  • article 16 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Resistance mutations are rare among protease inhibitor treatment-naive hepatitis C genotype-1 patients with or without HIV coinfection
    (2015) LISBOA-NETO, Gaspar; NOBLE, Caroline F.; PINHO, Joao R. Rebello; MALTA, Fernanda M.; GOMES-GOUVEA, Michele S.; ALVARADO-MORA, Monica V.; SILVA, Mariliza H. da; LEITE, Andrea G. B.; PICCOLI, Leonora Z.; RODRIGUES, Flaviane K.; CARRILHO, Flair J.; MENDES-CORREA, Maria C.
    Background: HCV has a high replication rate and a lack of proofreading activity, leading to a greatly diverse viral population. This diversity may lead to emergence of resistant strains in direct-acting antiviral therapy. The frequency of naturally occurring HCV protease inhibitor (PI) mutations has been addressed in many countries, but there are few data on the prevalence of these mutations in Brazilian patients. Methods: We evaluated the sequence of HCV NS3 protease gene in 247 patients (135 HCV-monoinfected and 112 HIV-HCV-coinfected patients). HCV RNA was extracted from plasma and a fragment of 765 base pairs from the NS3 region was amplified and sequenced with Sanger-based technology. Results: HIV-HCV-coinfected patients were more likely to be older than 40 years and have an HCV subtype-1a infection. Overall, 21.9% of patients had at least one amino acid substitution in the NS3 region; 14 patients (5.7%) harboured at least one resistance mutation (T54S, V55A, Q80R) and the Q80K mutation was not found in our case series. There was no difference between monoinfected and coinfected patients regarding the frequency of natural polymorphisms and resistance mutations. Conclusions: Baseline HCV NS3 amino acid substitutions identified herein are considered mostly natural polymorphisms with no clinical impact on PI-based therapy. The identified resistance mutations may be associated with low-level resistance to PIs in vitro. Q80K substitution seems to be a rare event in Brazil. HIV coinfection was not associated with a greater frequency of such substitutions in the studied sample.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Analysis of the complete genome of HBV genotypes F and H found in Brazil and Mexico using the next generation sequencing method
    (2022) GIONDA, Patricia Oliveira; GOMES-GOUVEA, Michele; MALTA, Fernanda de Mello; SEBE, Pedro; SALLES, Ana Paula Moreira; FRANCISCO, Rodrigo Dos Santos; JOSE-ABREGO, Alexis; ROMAN, Sonia; PANDURO, Arturo; PINHO, Joao Renato Rebello
    Introduction and Objectives: Hepatitis B Virus is classified into ten different genotypes (A-J). Genotypes F and H cluster apart from others in phylogenetic trees and is particularly frequent in the Americas. The aim of this study was to sequence complete genomes of samples of HBV genotypes F and H from Brazil and Mexico using next generation sequencing (NGS) and to study relevant characteristics for the disease associated with this virus. Materials and methods: Ninety plasma samples with detectable HBV DNA belonging to the F (n=59) and H (n=31) genotypes were submitted to amplification of the complete HBV genome by three different methologies. Data analysis was developed using bioinformatics tools for quality assurance and comprehensive coverage of the genome. Sequences were aligned with reference sequences for subgenotyping and detecting variants in relevant positions. A phylogenetical tree was constructed using Bayesian methods. Results: HBV genome of 31 samples were amplified and 18 of them were sequenced (HBV/F=16 and HBV/H=2). One genotype F sample was co-infected with the F1b and F3 subgenotypes, while the other samples were all F2a subgenotype. Two genotype H samples clustered with other Mexican sequences. The main variants observed were found in preS and S genes (7/18) and mutations in the precore/core region (11/18). Conclusions: A NGS methodology was applied to F and H genotypes samples from Mexico and Brazil to fully characterize their sequences. This methodology will be relevant for clinical and epidemiological studies of hepatitis B in Latin America (C) 2021 Fundacion Clinica Medica Sur, A.C.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    AIDS incidence and survival in a hospital-based cohort of HIV-positive patients from Sao Paulo, Brazil: The role of IFN-lambda 4 polymorphisms
    (2021) PRATES, Gabriela da Silva; MALTA, Fernanda M.; GONCALVES, Fernanda de Toledo; MONTEIRO, Mariana A.; FONSECA, Luiz Augusto M.; VEIGA, Ana Paula R.; MAGRI, Marcello M. C.; DUARTE, Alberto J. S.; CASSEB, Jorge; ASSONE, Tatiane
    Few studies have reported the prognosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients followed for a long time in Brazil, particularly those including pre and post-HAART eras. The polymorphisms of interferon (IFN)-lambda 4 have been postulated as possibly associated with the pathogenesis of HIV infection. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence and mortality from a cohort of HIV-positive patients as well as whether IFN-lambda 4 gene polymorphisms (SNP rs8099917 and SNP rs12979860) were associated with HIV/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) progression. We followed 402 patients for up to 30 years; 347 of them began follow-up asymptomatic, without any AIDS-defining opportunistic disease and/or a lymphocytes T CD4+ count of 350 cells/mm(3)or lower. We determined the probability of the asymptomatic subjects to remain AIDS-free, and the risk of death for those entering the study already with an AIDS diagnosis, as well as for subjects developing AIDS during follow-up. We compared the prognosis of patients with two different polymorphisms for the genes encoding for IFN-lambda 4, variants rs8099917 and rs12979860. The follow-up time of the 347 asymptomatic-at-entry subjects was 3687 person-years. IFN-lambda 4 rs8099917 polymorphisms were not associated with AIDS progression, but IFN-lambda 4 rs12979860 wild type genotype (CC) was associated with higher mortality compared to CT and TT, with an increased probability of death from AIDS (P = .01). In conclusion, genetic variations in IFN-lambda 4 on rs12979860 polymorphisms in HIV-infected patients may drive mortality risk.
  • article 5 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Prevalence of naturally occurring amino acid substitutions associated with resistance to hepatitis C virus NS3/NS4A protease inhibitors in Sao Paulo state
    (2018) MOREIRA, Regina Celia; SANTOS, Ana Paula de Torres; LISBOA-NETO, Gaspar; MENDES-CORREA, Maria Cassia Jacintho; LEMOS, Marcilio Figueiredo; MALTA, Fernanda Mello; SANTANA, RAbia Anita Ferraz; DASTOLI, Gregorio Tadeu Fernando; CASTRO, Vanessa Fusco Duarte de; PINHO, Joao Renato Rebello
    Hepatitis C (HCV)-infected patients are treated with direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) in highly effective, well-tolerated, all-oral regimens. However, naturally occurring resistance-associated amino acid substitutions (RASs) may be selected during treatment. This study aimed to screen naturally occurring RASs NS3/NS4A inhibitors (PIs). Samples were obtained from DAA naive patients, living in Sao Paulo state, Brazil. Screening for RASs in the HCV NS3 region was conducted in 859 samples from HCV-infected patients, of which 425 and 434 samples were subtype la and lb, respectively. HCV-RNA was extracted, amplified, and sequenced. The overall prevalence of RASs to HCV PIs was 9.4%. The following RASs were observed in HCV-1a subtype infected patients: V36L (2.6%), T54S (1.6%), V55I/A (1.2% / 8.9%, respectively), Q80K (2.1%), R155K (0.5%), and D168E (0.2%); and in HCV-1b infected patients: V36L (0.7%), T54A/S (0.2% and 0.5%, respectively), V55A (0.5%), Q80K (0.2%), D168E (1.6%), and M175L (0.5%). HCV la infected subjects had higher serum viral load than that seen in patients infected with HCV 1b. There was no difference between the proportions of NS3 RASs with regards to geographic distribution within the investigated areas. These findings should be supported by additional studies in Brazil to help in the formation of local clinical guidelines for managing hepatitis C.
  • article 20 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Molecular diagnosis of strongyloidiasis in tropical areas: a comparison of conventional and real-time polymerase chain reaction with parasitological methods
    (2015) PAULA, Fabiana Martins de; MALTA, Fernanda de Mello; MARQUES, Priscilla Duarte; SITTA, Renata Barnabe; PINHO, Joao Renato Rebello; GRYSCHEK, Ronaldo Cesar Borges; CHIEFFI, Pedro Paulo
    This study aimed to evaluate the use of conventional polymerase chain reaction (cPCR) and real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) in the diagnosis of human strongyloidiasis from stool samples in tropical areas. Stool samples were collected from individuals and were determined to be positive for Strongyloides stercoralis (group I), negative for S. stercoralis (group II) and positive for other enteroparasite species (group III). DNA specific to S. stercoralis was found in 76.7% of group I samples by cPCR and in 90% of group I samples by qPCR. The results show that molecular methods can be used as alternative tools for detecting S. stercoralis in human stool samples in tropical areas.
  • article 7 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Culture isolation and molecular identification of Blastocystis sp. in Brazilian human isolates: preliminary results
    (2020) MELO, Gessica Baptista de; ROLDAN, William; MALTA, Fernanda de Mello; LESCANO, Susana Angelica Zevallos; CASTILHO, Vera Lucia; GONCALVES, Elenice Messias Do Nascimento; PAULA, Fabiana Martins de; GRYSCHEK, Ronaldo Cesar Borges
    Blastocystis sp. is a protist commonly found in stool samples of humans and animals. Biological and genetic factors of this organism remain controversial. The present study aimed to develop and implement the Blastocystis in vitro culture of Brazilian human isolates for routine use. The fecal isolates (n = 20) were maintained in our laboratory by several passages in Pavlova's medium. Cultures were monitored every 72 h by light microscopy. Genomic DNA was extracted to identify the subtypes (STs). In most isolates, the vacuolar form was prevalent. The amoeboid, granular and cystic forms were observed during in vitro cultivation. STs 1, 2, 3. 4 and 7 were identified. Our preliminary results show the generation time and forms present in the in vitro culture of Blastocystis subtypes isolated from Brazilian human isolates. Therefore, we emphasize the use of in vitro culture as a tool in future studies for the better understanding of the biological aspects of Blastocystis sp.
  • article 19 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Serum lipidomic profiling as a useful tool for screening potential biomarkers of hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma by ultraperformance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry
    (2015) PASSOS-CASTILHO, Ana Maria; CARVALHO, Valdemir Melechco; CARDOZO, Karina Helena Morais; KIKUCHI, Luciana; CHAGAS, Aline Lopes; GOMES-GOUVEA, Michele Soares; MALTA, Fernanda; NASTRI, Ana Catharina de Seixas-Santos; PINHO, Joao Renato Rebello; CARRILHO, Flair Jose; GRANATO, Celso Francisco Hernandes
    Background: Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) virus infection is a major cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), as late diagnosis is the main factor for the poor survival of patients. There is an urgent need for accurate biomarkers for early diagnosis of HCC. The aim of the study was to explore the serum lipidome profiles of hepatitis B-related HCC to identify potential diagnostic biomarkers. Methods: An ultraperformance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) lipidomic method was used to characterize serum profiles from HCC (n = 32), liver cirrhosis (LC) (n = 30), CHB (n = 25), and healthy subjects (n = 34). Patients were diagnosed by clinical laboratory and imaging evidence and all presented with CHB while healthy controls had normal liver function and no infectious diseases. Results: The UPLC-MS-based serum lipidomic profile provided more accurate diagnosis for LC patients than conventional alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) detection. HCC patients were discriminated from LC with 78 % sensitivity and 64 % specificity. In comparison, AFP showed sensitivity and specificity of 38 % and 93 %, respectively. HCC was differentiated from CHB with 100 % sensitivity and specificity using the UPLC-MS approach. Identified lipids comprised glycerophosphocolines, glycerophosphoserines and glycerophosphoinositols. Conclusions: UPLC-MS lipid profiling proved to be an efficient and convenient tool for diagnosis and screening of HCC in a high-risk population.