(Fonte: Lattes)
Índice h a partir de 2011
Projetos de Pesquisa
Unidades Organizacionais
Instituto Central, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina - Médico
LIM/60 - Laboratório de Imunologia Clínica e Alergia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina

Resultados de Busca

Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 57
  • article 18 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    High risk of heterosexual transmission of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 infection in Brazil
    (2017) PAIVA, Arthur; SMID, Jerusa; HAZIOT, Michel E. J.; ASSONE, Tatiane; PINHEIRO, Samara; FONSECA, Luiz A. M.; OLIVEIRA, Augusto C. Penalva de; CASSEB, Jorge
    Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 is transmitted primarily either through sexual intercourse or from mother to child. The current study investigated sexual transmission and compared the HTLV-1 proviral load between seroconcordant and serodiscordant couples by examining both men and women among the index partners without using subjective criteria to establish the direction of sexual transmission. Between January 2013 and May 2015, 178 HTLV-1-positive patients had spouses, 107 of which had tested partners, thus increasing the initial sample size (46 men and 61 women). Individuals co-infected with HTLV-2 or human immunodeficiency virus were not included in the analysis. From among the included participants, 26 men and 26 women were paired with each other, resulting in 26 seroconcordant couples; 12 seroconcordant couples were formed from another four men and eight women. Forty-three serodiscordant couples were formed from 16 men and 27 women. The rate of seroconcordance was 46.9%. The HTLV-1 proviral load was compared between 19 and 37 seroconcordant and serodiscondant couples, respectively, and the concordant couples showed higher proviral loads (P = 0.03). There were no differences between the groups according to age, relationship length, having a mother or sibling with HTLV-1, race, ethnicity, nationality, education, history of blood transfusion, HAM/TSP, ALT, or hepatitis C virus status. In multivariate analysis, relationship time was shown associated with ocurrence of seroconcordance status. The apparent association between high circulating levels of provirus and seroconcordance rate among couples suggests that proviral loads contribute markedly to the risk of sexual transmission, regardless of gender index.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Neuropsychological profile of patients with infectious disease: characterization and comparison of patients with HIV, HTLV, and HCV
    (2023) GASCON, Maria Rita Polo; OLIVEIRA, Giovana S. de; LAURENCE, Paulo Guirro; GUALQUI, Carolina Fernandes; OLIVEIRA, Augusto Cesar Penalva de; SMID, Jerusa; FONSECA, Luiz A. M.; CASSEB, Jorge; MACEDO, Elizeu Coutinho
    Understanding the effect of the HIV, HTLV-1, and HCV viruses on cognitive aspects can help in the better characterization of dementia, as well as the best conducts to be suitable for rehabilitation. Thus, the present study aimed to characterize and compare the neuropsychological profile of 3 groups of patients with infectious diseases: HIV, HTLV, and HCV. The results of neuropsychological assessments and depression assessment of 325 people treated at a referral hospital for infectious dis-eases were analyzed, being 120 HIV carriers (74 (61.7%) men) with an average age of 47.5 years (SD = 10.3), 65 patients with HTLV-1 (16 (24.6%) men) with a mean age of 49.9 years (SD = 12.9), and 87 HCV patients (47 (54%) men) with a mean age of 55.5 years (SD = 11.2). In addition, 54 people (26 (48.1%) men) with negative serology who made up the con-trol group were evaluated. The results of the statistical evaluation of the sociodemographic factors of the four groups (HIV, HTLV-1, HCV, and control) showed that in addition to age, schooling was a significant factor among them and may have a strong influence on the performance of cognitive tests. The HTLV-1 group had the lowest neurocognitive performance and also the highest rate of depressive symptoms.
  • conferenceObject
    Atypical and Agressive Presentation of Gastric Cancer in a Patient with Common Variable Disease
    (2014) MENDONCA, L.; ALCANTARA, C. Tavares de; KOKRON, C.; BARROS, M.; MASCARENHAS, F.; CASTRO, N. Siqueira de; BOUFLEUR, K. Latella e; GARCIA, G.; FONSECA, L. A. Marcondes
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    AIDS incidence and survival in a hospital-based cohort of HIV-positive patients from Sao Paulo, Brazil: The role of IFN-lambda 4 polymorphisms
    (2021) PRATES, Gabriela da Silva; MALTA, Fernanda M.; GONCALVES, Fernanda de Toledo; MONTEIRO, Mariana A.; FONSECA, Luiz Augusto M.; VEIGA, Ana Paula R.; MAGRI, Marcello M. C.; DUARTE, Alberto J. S.; CASSEB, Jorge; ASSONE, Tatiane
    Few studies have reported the prognosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients followed for a long time in Brazil, particularly those including pre and post-HAART eras. The polymorphisms of interferon (IFN)-lambda 4 have been postulated as possibly associated with the pathogenesis of HIV infection. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence and mortality from a cohort of HIV-positive patients as well as whether IFN-lambda 4 gene polymorphisms (SNP rs8099917 and SNP rs12979860) were associated with HIV/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) progression. We followed 402 patients for up to 30 years; 347 of them began follow-up asymptomatic, without any AIDS-defining opportunistic disease and/or a lymphocytes T CD4+ count of 350 cells/mm(3)or lower. We determined the probability of the asymptomatic subjects to remain AIDS-free, and the risk of death for those entering the study already with an AIDS diagnosis, as well as for subjects developing AIDS during follow-up. We compared the prognosis of patients with two different polymorphisms for the genes encoding for IFN-lambda 4, variants rs8099917 and rs12979860. The follow-up time of the 347 asymptomatic-at-entry subjects was 3687 person-years. IFN-lambda 4 rs8099917 polymorphisms were not associated with AIDS progression, but IFN-lambda 4 rs12979860 wild type genotype (CC) was associated with higher mortality compared to CT and TT, with an increased probability of death from AIDS (P = .01). In conclusion, genetic variations in IFN-lambda 4 on rs12979860 polymorphisms in HIV-infected patients may drive mortality risk.
  • article 8 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Low bone mineral density among HIV-infected patients in Brazil
    (2017) CHABA, Daniela Cardeal da Silva; SOARES, Lismeia R.; PEREIRA, Rosa M. R.; RUTHERFORD, George W.; ASSONE, Tatiane; TAKAYAMA, Liliam; FONSECA, Luiz A. M.; DUARTE, Alberto J. S.; CASSEB, Jorge
    Decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) has been a complication among people living with HIV/AIDS. To investigate the prevalence of osteopenia/osteoporosis among HIV-infected people living in Sao Paulo city, we studied 108 HIV-infected patients (79 men and 29 women). We extracted data from patients' medical records and BMD was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Median age of participants was 42 years (interquartile range [IQR] 36-48 years), and the median time since HIV diagnosis was 4.01 years (IQR 2-11 years). Patients had acquired HIV primarily by the sexual route (men who have sex with men 44%, heterosexual 49%). Median age, duration of HIV infection, duration of ART and CD4 nadir were similar for men and women. Plasma viral load was undetectable for 53 patients (49%). Median CD4 T cell count was 399 cells/mu L (IQR 247 - 568). Twenty five patients (23%) had LBMD, and there was no statistically significant difference between men and women (<-1). The associated risk factors for LBMD were older age (>= 50 years old) and smoking with a RR of 3.87 and 2.80, respectively. Thus, despite the lack of statistically significant relationship between the use of ART and LBMD or between duration of ART and LBMD, these factors should be addressed in larger studies.
  • article 20 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Human papillomavirus infection in oral fluids of HIV-1-positive men: prevalence and risk factors
    (2014) GAESTER, Karen; FONSECA, Luiz A. M.; LUIZ, Olinda; ASSONE, Tatiane; FONTES, Adriele Souza; COSTA, Fernando; DUARTE, Alberto J. S.; CASSEB, Jorge
    Human papillomavirus is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases worldwide. The natural history of oral HPV infection is unclear, and its risk factors have not been explored. Immunocompromised individuals, as exemplified by HIV patients, are at high risk for HPV-related diseases. The mean of this study is to determine the prevalence ofHPV in the oral tract of HIV-1-positive male subjects and its association with risk factors. A total of 283 oral wash samples from HIV-1-positive men were tested. The oral fluid samples were used for DNA extraction and conventional PCR amplification; HPV genotyping was performed by hybridization. HPV genotyping revealed that nine samples (3.5%) were positive for HPV DNA; the major high-risk HPV types identified were 51 and 66. Worldwide studies have shown a variable prevalence of oral HPV. The diversity of genotypes and the high prevalence of multiple infections in HIV-infected subjects can be better explained by the effects of HIV-induced immunosuppression. The most important risk factors are unprotected sexual intercourse, but other factors for this infection have been described elsewhere including smoking, age and HIV-positive serostatus. In this study, smoking was the most important risk factor for acquiring oral HPV in HIV-1-infected subjects in Brazil.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Prevalence of cognitive impairment in HIV patients: vertical and horizontal transmission
    (2022) GASCÓN, Maria Rita Polo; TERRA, Cauê Peter da Cruz; GUERRA, Hestela de Lima; GUALQUI, Carolina Fernandes; LUCIA, Mara Cristina Souza De; BENUTE, Glaucia Rosana Guerra; FONSECA, Luiz Augusto Marcondes; CASSEB, Jorge; VIDAL, Jose Ernesto; OLIVEIRA, Augusto César Penalva de
    ABSTRACT. Antiretroviral treatment has significantly increased the survival of patients infected with HIV-1. However, with increased survival, cognitive changes associated with HIV are frequently observed in this population. The clinical manifestations of HIV changes can vary as a result of several aspects, including the virus transmission route. Several studies have pointed out premature neurological changes in vertically infected patients, while the manifestation of cognitive damage in adults may take a longer time. Objective: The aim of this study was to verify the prevalence of cognitive changes in patients with HIV via vertical transmission after the highly active antiretroviral therapy and the cognitive performance of these patients compared to a group of sexually infected patients. Methods: A total of 48 patients were evaluated, 25 with vertical transmission and 23 with sexual transmission, between May 2013 and February 2015 at the Institute of infectology Emilio Ribas. Neuropsychological tests were applied to assess cognitive performance, scales to assess symptoms of anxiety and depression, and sociodemographic questionnaire. Results: The results demonstrate that the frequency of cognitive impairment in vertically transmitted patients was higher than in sexually transmitted patients. Conclusions: These findings suggest that the deleterious effects of the HIV virus on the development of the central nervous system reverberate more strongly than in patients who acquire it after adulthood.
  • bookPart
    Imunodeficiências adquiridas: HIV e não HIV
    (2022) FONSECA, Luiz Augusto Marcondes; GONçALVES, Danilo Gois
  • conferenceObject
    Systemic inflammatory syndromes with immunodysregulatory phenotype: clinical characteristics, genetic findings and therapeutic response
    (2021) PEREIRA, Grazielly Pereira; PRADO, Alex; BRANDAO, Jaqueline Brandao; ZANETTI, Francine Zanetti; ALBERTO, Nazoneth; ALBERTO, Samucanda; KALIL, Jorge; FONSECA, Luiz; CASTRO, Fabio Castro; TOLEDO-BARROS, Myrthes; MENDONCA, Leonardo Mendonca
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    High frequency of deficient consumption and low blood levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in HIV-1-infected adults from Sao Paulo city, Brazil (vol 5, 12990, 2015)
    (2015) SALES, Stephanie Hael; MATTA, Sandra Maria; SILVA, Daniela Cardeal da; ASSONE, Tatiane; FONSECA, Luiz Augusto M.; DUARTE, Alberto J. S.; CASSEB, Jorge