Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/31943
Title: The Latin American and Spanish Survey on Nutrition in Pediatric Intensive Care (ELAN-CIP2)
Authors: CAMPOS-MINO, SantiagoCID, Jesus Lopez-HerceDELGADO, Artur FigueiredoBENAVIDES, Eliana MunozCOSS-BU, Jorge A.VILLAVICENCIO, Pedro MestreIRAMAIN, RicardoVILLARUEL, Sayani ValdezNIEVA, AnaVARGAS, AnaLOPEZ, Pilar AriasFERNANDEZ, AnaliaSILVESTRE, AndreaBOTTA, PriscilaTORRES, Silvio FabioCOSTA, Caroline Abud DrumondGARCIA, Pedro Celiny RamosPIVA, JeffersonCABEDO, Maria Thereza De CordesLUGLIO, MicheleZAMBERLAN, PatriciaGUZMAN, GustavoLOBOGUERRERO, Fanny GarciaFERNANDEZ, MauricioCASSALETT, GabrielPEREZ, GermanMONTES, Miguel RuzVELASQUEZ, Rocio PorrasPEREZ, VictorCASTRO, Santiago RamirezVILLAVICENCIO, Pedro MestreWEGNER, AdrianaORDENES, NadiaDESSAUER, Bettina VonCORS, CarolinaGONZALES, MarcosBENAVIDES, Eliana MunozQUIROZ, Miguel Angel SaavedraPERALTA, Felipe VerscheureROQUE, JorgeROSICH, Patricia Del RosarioCAMPOS-MINO, SantiagoMONTALVO, ErikaPESANTES, Xavier PaezBARQUIN, Luis Augusto MoyaRIVAS, Ricardo Alfredo MackROMAN, CarlosORTIZ, Cesar Antonio RamosMONSREAL, Miguel Ignacio FloresVILLARUEL, Sayani ValdezGONZALEZ, Sonia VargasJIMENEZ, Hassel JimmyBRACHO, CarlosSAMUDIO, LissaPALPAN, Beatriz AtachaguaPALOMO, PatriciaESCALANTE-KANASHIRO, RaffoARANA, RosaNUNEZ, Antonio RodriguezCID, Jesus Lopez-HerceFERNANDEZ, Yolanda LopezMENCHACA, AmandaLOPEZ, Claudia Madrid
Citation: PEDIATRIC CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE, v.20, n.1, p.E23-E29, 2019
Abstract: Objective: To characterize the practices of nutritional support in Latin American and Spanish PICUs. Design: Survey with a questionnaire sent to Latin American Society of Pediatric Intensive Care members. Setting: PICUs of participant hospitals. Patients: Critically ill children between 1 month and 18 years old. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: Forty-seven surveys from 17 countries were analyzed. Sixty-seven percent of PICUs were from university-affiliated hospitals, with a median of 380 admissions/yr. Sixty-eight percent and 48.9% had a nutritional support team and nutritional support protocol, respectively. Seventy-five percent completed nutritional evaluations, with 34.2% at admission. PICUs with high-volume admissions were likely to have a nutritional support team (p < 0.005), and university-affiliated hospitals showed a trend of having a nutritional support team (p = 0.056). Measured, estimated, and ideal weights were used in 75%, 14.6%, and 10.4%, respectively. Energy requirements were calculated using Holliday & Segar and Schofield equations in 90% of the PICUs; 43% used correction factors. Only three PICUs had indirect calorimetry. At day 3 of initiation of nutritional support, 57.3% of PICUs provided at least 50% of the calculated energy requirement, and 91.5% at day 5. Protein needs were estimated according to American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism/European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition guidelines in 55.3% and 40.4%, respectively. Enteral nutrition was the preferred feeding method, initiated in 97.7% at 48 hours. The feeding route was gastric (82.9%), by bolus (42.5%) or continuous (57.4%). Monitoring methods included gastric residual measurement in 55.3%. Enteral nutrition was discontinued in 82.8% when gastric residual was 50% of the volume. Prokinetics were used in 68%. More than half of PICUs used parenteral nutrition, with 95.8% of them within 72 hours. Parenteral nutrition was administered by central vein in 93.6%. Undernourished children received parenteral nutrition sooner, whether or not enteral nutrition intolerance was present. When enteral nutrition was not tolerated beyond 72 hours, parenteral nutrition was started in 57.4%. Parenteral nutrition was initiated when enteral nutrition delivered less than 50% in 97%. Conclusions: Nutritional practices are heterogeneous in Latin American PICUs, but the majority use nutritional support strategies consistent with international guidelines.
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICr
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/36

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