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Title: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint-clinical, surgical, and imaging findings of a Milgram stage III case series
Authors: MACHADO, Gustavo GrotheZAMBON, Camila EduardaLIMA, Jose Manuel da Silva dePAIVA, Gustavo Luiz AlkminMARTINS, Victor Adriano de OliveiraPERES, Maria Paula Siqueira de Melo
Abstract: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) isa rare disease characterized by cartilaginous metaplasia of the mesenchymal remnants of the synovial membrane with formation of loose cartilaginous nodules. It is prevalent in middle-aged women and the main clinical characteristics are swelling, pain, and limited jaw movements. Diagnosis is difficult, especially in the early stages, because the signs and symptoms are like other TMJ diseases such as internal derangements and tumors. Imaging exams are fundamental in differential diagnosis for detection of synovitis and free cartilaginous bodies. Magnetic resonance imag-ing with a gadolinium contrast would be of particular interest for this purpose. Treatment involves the removal of the cartilaginous nodules and synovectomy. It can be performed by arthroscopy or arthrotomy depending on the size of the lesion, the number of corpuscles, and the need for auxiliary surgical procedures. Final diagnosis is anatomopathologic. Postoperative follow-up is nec-essary due to the risk of recurrence. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2023;135:e94-e101)
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/17
LIM/17 - Laboratório de Investigação em Reumatologia

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/32
LIM/32 - Laboratório de Otorrinolaringologia

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