Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/11

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A coleção de Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas engloba artigos originais, artigos de revisão, artigos de atualização, artigos técnicos, relatos de experiências, resenhas, ensaios, editoriais, cartas ao editor, debates, notas científicas e técnicas, depoimentos, entrevistas e pontos de vista. Consideram-se como artigos científicos originais os trabalhos redigidos para divulgação de informações e resultados sobre determinada pesquisa científica, publicados em periódico científico após avaliação por outros pesquisadores.


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  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Data-driven, cross-disciplinary collaboration: lessons learned at the largest academic health center in Latin America during the COVID-19 pandemic
    (2024) RITTO, Ana Paula; ARAUJO, Adriana Ladeira de; CARVALHO, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro de; SOUZA, Heraldo Possolo De; FAVARETTO, Patricia Manga e Silva; SABOYA, Vivian Renata Boldrim; GARCIA, Michelle Louvaes; KULIKOWSKI, Leslie Domenici; KALLAS, Esper Georges; PEREIRA, Antonio Jose Rodrigues; COBELLO JUNIOR, Vilson; SILVA, Katia Regina; ABDALLA, Eidi Raquel Franco; SEGURADO, Aluisio Augusto Cotrim; SABINO, Ester Cerdeira; RIBEIRO JUNIOR, Ulysses; FRANCISCO, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira; MIETHKE-MORAIS, Anna; LEVIN, Anna Sara Shafferman; SAWAMURA, Marcio Valente Yamada; FERREIRA, Juliana Carvalho; SILVA, Clovis Artur; MAUAD, Thais; GOUVEIA, Nelson da Cruz; LETAIF, Leila Suemi Harima; BEGO, Marco Antonio; BATTISTELLA, Linamara Rizzo; DUARTE, Alberto Jose da Silva; SEELAENDER, Marilia Cerqueira Leite; MARCHINI, Julio; FORLENZA, Orestes Vicente; ROCHA, Vanderson Geraldo; MENDES-CORREA, Maria Cassia; COSTA, Silvia Figueiredo; CERRI, Giovanni Guido; BONFA, Eloisa Silva Dutra de Oliveira; CHAMMAS, Roger; BARROS FILHO, Tarcisio Eloy Pessoa de; BUSATTO FILHO, Geraldo
    Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted global research efforts to reduce infection impact, highlighting the potential of cross-disciplinary collaboration to enhance research quality and efficiency.Methods At the FMUSP-HC academic health system, we implemented innovative flow management routines for collecting, organizing and analyzing demographic data, COVID-related data and biological materials from over 4,500 patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection hospitalized from 2020 to 2022. This strategy was mainly planned in three areas: organizing a database with data from the hospitalizations; setting-up a multidisciplinary taskforce to conduct follow-up assessments after discharge; and organizing a biobank. Additionally, a COVID-19 curated collection was created within the institutional digital library of academic papers to map the research output.Results Over the course of the experience, the possible benefits and challenges of this type of research support approach were identified and discussed, leading to a set of recommended strategies to enhance collaboration within the research institution. Demographic and clinical data from COVID-19 hospitalizations were compiled in a database including adults and a minority of children and adolescents with laboratory confirmed COVID-19, covering 2020-2022, with approximately 350 fields per patient. To date, this database has been used in 16 published studies. Additionally, we assessed 700 adults 6 to 11 months after hospitalization through comprehensive, multidisciplinary in-person evaluations; this database, comprising around 2000 fields per subject, was used in 15 publications. Furthermore, thousands of blood samples collected during the acute phase and follow-up assessments remain stored for future investigations. To date, more than 3,700 aliquots have been used in ongoing research investigating various aspects of COVID-19. Lastly, the mapping of the overall research output revealed that between 2020 and 2022 our academic system produced 1,394 scientific articles on COVID-19.Discussion Research is a crucial component of an effective epidemic response, and the preparation process should include a well-defined plan for organizing and sharing resources. The initiatives described in the present paper were successful in our aim to foster large-scale research in our institution. Although a single model may not be appropriate for all contexts, cross-disciplinary collaboration and open data sharing should make health research systems more efficient to generate the best evidence.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Myocardial microstructure assessed by T1 mapping after on-pump and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting
    (2023) DALLAZEN, Anderson Roberto; REZENDE, Paulo Cury; HUEB, Whady; HLATKY, Mark Andrew; NOMURA, Cesar Higa; ROCHITTE, Carlos Eduardo; BOROS, Gustavo Andre Boeing; RIBAS, Fernando Faglioni; RIBEIRO, Matheus de Oliveira Laterza; SCUDELER, Thiago Luis; DANTAS, Roberto Nery; RAMIRES, Jose Antonio Franchini; KALIL FILHO, Roberto
    Background: The correlation between the release of cardiac biomarkers after revascularization, in the absence of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) or myocardial edema, and the development of myocardial tissue damage remains unclear. This study sought to identify whether the release of biomarkers is associated with cardiac damage by assessing myocardial microstructure on T1 mapping after on-pump (ONCAB) and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). Methods: Seventy-six patients with stable multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) and preserved systolic ventricular function were included. T1 mapping, high-sensitive cardiac troponin I (cTnI), creatine kinase myocardial band (CK-MB) mass, and ventricular dimensions and function were measured before and after procedures. Results: Of the 76 patients, 44 underwent OPCAB, and 32 ONCAB; 52 were men (68.4%), and the mean age was 63 +/- 8.5 years. In both OPCAB and ONCAB the native T1 values were similar before and after surgeries. An increase in extracellular volume (ECV) values after the procedures was observed, due to the decrease in hematocrit levels during the second cardiac resonance. However, the lambda partition coefficient showed no significant difference after the surgeries. The median peak release of cTnI and CK-MB were higher after ONCAB than after OPCAB [3.55 (2.12-4.9) vs. 2.19 (0.69-3.4) ng/mL, P=0.009 and 28.7 (18.2-55.4) vs. 14.3 (9.3-29.2) ng/mL, P=0.009, respectively]. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was similar in both groups before and after surgery. Conclusions: In the absence of documented myocardial infarction, T1 mapping did not identify structural tissue damage after surgical revascularization with or without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), despite the excessive release of cardiac biomarkers.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Brain tuberculoma in pediatric heart transplant recipient
    (2023) OLIVEIRA, Pedro Carpini de; CORBI, Maria Julia de Aro Braz; SIQUEIRA, Adailson Wagner da Silva; NAVAJASEGARAN, Joshua; MESQUITA, Ana Sofia Silva; FRASSETTO, Fernando Pereira; JATENE, Marcelo Bisceglli; IKARI, Nana Miura; AZEKA, Estela
    IntroductionHeart transplantation is the standard treatment for end-stage heart disease. Despite advances in the field, patients remain under risk of developing complications, including opportunistic infections, such as tuberculosis. We present the unprecedented case of cerebral tuberculoma in a 9-year-old heart transplant recipient. Case ScenarioA 9-year-old female child, who underwent heart transplantation in December 2020, was admitted to the emergency department in September 2021 due to headache and vomiting. She had normal vital signs and a mild left hemiparesis. Laboratory findings included lymphopenia and a low C Reactive Protein and brain images showed expansive lesions. A biopsy of the intracranial lesion was performed and anatomopathological analysis was compatible with tuberculoma. After the diagnosis was established, treatment protocol for neurotuberculosis was initiated, the patient had a satisfactory clinical evolution and was discharged 22 days after admission. DiscussionClinical manifestation of tuberculosis usually occurs up to 6 months after transplantation, the findings are commonly atypical and symptoms may be mild. We could not find in medical literature any description of the disease in a heart transplant recipient as young as the one presented in this case report. We documented great response to treatment, even though conventional antituberculosis therapy may interfere with immunosuppression. ConclusionPatients in the postoperative period following heart transplantation are at high risk for developing opportunistic infections such as tuberculosis, which may present with atypical symptoms. Therefore the clinician must have a high index of suspicion in order to make the correct diagnosis and promptly start treatment.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Myocardial Injury After Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement Versus Surgical Reoperation
    (2024) MARCHI, Mauricio Felippi de Sa; ROSA, Vitor Emer Egypto; NICZ, Pedro Felipe Gomes; FONSECA, Jose Honorio de Almeida Palma da; CALOMENI, Pedro; CHIODINI, Fernando; SAMPAIO, Roney Orismar; POMERANTZEFF, Pablo Maria Alberto; VIEIRA, Marcelo de Campos; TARASOUTCHI, Flavio; MIEGHEM, Nicolas M. Van; BRITO, Fabio Sandoli de; ABIZAID, Alexandre; RIBEIRO, Henrique Barbosa
    This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and clinical implications of myocardial injury, as determined by cardiac biomarker increase, in patients who underwent mitral bioprosthesis dysfunction treatment with transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) versus surgical mitral valve replacement reoperation (SMVR-REDO). Between 2014 and 2023, 310 patients with mitral bioprosthesis failure were included (90 and 220 patients for TMVR and SMVR-REDO, respectively). Multivariable analysis and propensity score matching were performed to adjust for the intergroup differences in baseline characteristics. Creatinine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin I (cTn) were collected at baseline and 6 to 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours after intervention. The cardiac biomarkers values were evaluated in relation to their reference values. The outcomes were determined according to the Mitral Valve Academic Research Consortium criteria. CK-MB and cTn increased above the reference level in almost all patients after SMVR-REDO and TMVR (100% vs 94%, respectively), with the peak occurring within 6 to 12 hours. SMVR-REDO was associated with a two- to threefold higher increase in cardiac biomarkers. After 30 days, the mortality rates were 13.3% in the TMVR and 16.8% in the SMVR-REDO groups. At a median follow-up of 19 months, the mortality rates were 21.1% in the TMVR and 17.7% in the SMVR-REDO groups. Left ventricular ejection fraction, estimated glomerular filtration rate, CK-MB, and cTn were predictors of mortality. In conclusion, some degree of myocardial injury occurred systematically after the treatment of mitral bioprosthetic degeneration, especially after SMVR, and higher CK-MB and cTn levels were associated with increased cumulative late mortality, regardless of the approach.
  • article 8 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Coronary artery bypass grafting versus medical therapy in patients with stable coronary artery disease: An individual patient data pooled meta-analysis of randomized trials
    (2024) GAUDINO, Mario; AUDISIO, Katia; HUEB, Whady A.; STONE, Gregg W.; FARKOUH, Michael E.; FRANCO, Antonino Di; RAHOUMA, Mohamed; SERRUYS, Patrick W.; BHATT, Deepak L.; ZOCCAI, Giuseppe Biondi; YUSUF, Salim; GIRARDI, Leonard N.; FREMES, Stephen E.; RUEL, Marc; REDFORS, Bjorn
    Objectives: It is unclear whether coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) improves survival compared with medical therapy (MT) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of this analysis was to perform an individual-patient data-pooled meta-analysis of contemporary randomized controlled trials that compared CABG and MT in patients with stable CAD. Methods: A systematic search was performed in January 2021 to identify randomized controlled trials enrolling adult patients with stable CAD, randomized to CABG or MT. Only trials using at least aspirin, beta-blockers, and statins in the MT arm were included. Individual patient data were obtained from all eligible studies and pooled. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Results: Four trials involving 2523 patients (1261 CABG; 1262 MT) were included with a median follow-up of 5.6 (4.0-9.2) years. CABG was associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality within 30 days (hazard ratio [HR], 4.81; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.95-11.83) but subsequent reduction in the long-term risk of death (HR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.69-0.89). As such, the cumulative 10-year mortality rate was lower in patients treated with CABG compared with MT (45.1% vs 51.7%, respectively; odds ratio, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.58-0.85). Age and race were significant treatment effect modifier (interaction P 1/4 .003 for both). Conclusions: In patients with stable CAD, initial allocation to CABG was associated with greater periprocedural risk of death but improved long-term survival compared with MT. The survival advantage for CABG became significant after the fourth postoperative year and was particularly pronounced in younger and non-White patients. (J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2024;167:1022-32)
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    In-Hospital influenza vaccination to prevent cardiorespiratory events in the first 45 days after acute coronary syndrome: A prespecified analysis of the VIP-ACS trial
    (2024) FONSECA, Henrique Andrade R.; ZIMERMAN, Andre; MONFARDINI, Frederico; GUIMARAES, Helio Penna; PEDROSA, Rodrigo P.; PATRIOTA, Rodrigo de Lemos S.; PATRIOTA, Tarcya L. G. Couto; PASSOS, Luiz Carlos Santana; DALL'ORTO, Frederico Toledo Campo; FILHO, Conrado Roberto Hoffmann; NASCIMENTO, Bruno Ramos; BALDISSERA, Felipe Antonio; PEREIRA, Cesar A. C.; CARAMORI, Paulo Ricardo Avancini; ANDRADE, Pedro Beraldo; OKOSHI, Marina Politi; POLANCZYK, Carisi Anne; SILVEIRA, Fabio Serra; VILLACORTA, Aline Sterque; NICOLAU, Jose Carlos; V, Luiz Rizzo; BERWANGER, Otavio
    Background: Influenza vaccination prevents major cardiovascular events in individuals presenting a recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS), however the early effect of an in -hospital double -dose vaccination strategy remains uncertain. Methods: The VIP -ACS was a randomized, pragmatic, multicenter, open -label trial with a blinded -adjudication endpoint. Patients with ACS <= 7 days of hospitalization were randomized to an in -hospital double -dose quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (double -dose) or a standard -dose influenza vaccine at 30 days postrandomization. The primary endpoint was a hierarchical composite of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, hospitalization for unstable angina, hospitalization for heart failure, urgent coronary revascularization, and hospitalization for respiratory infections, analyzed with the win ratio (WR) method in short-term follow-up (45days after randomization). Results: The trial enrolled 1,801 patients (>= 18 years old). Median participant age was 57 years, 70 % were male. There were no significant differences between groups on the primary hierarchical endpoint: there were 5.7 % wins in the double -dose in -hospital group and 5.5 % wins in the standard -dose delayed vaccination group (WR: 1.03; 95 % CI: 0.70---1.53; P = 0.85). In a sensitivity analysis including COVID-19 infection in the hospitalizations for respiratory infections endpoint, overall results were maintained (WR: 1.03; 95 % CI 0.71---1.51; P = 0.87). Results were consistent for major cardiovascular events only (WR: 0.82; 95 % CI: 0.48---1.39; P = 0.46). No serious adverse events were observed. Conclusion: In patients with recent ACS, in -hospital double -dose influenza vaccination did not significantly reduce cardiorespiratory events at 45 days compared with standard -dose vaccination at 30 days postrandomization.
  • article 6 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Transcatheter or Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement in Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis and Small Aortic Annulus: A Randomized Clinical Trial
    (2024) RODES-CABAU, Josep; RIBEIRO, Henrique Barbosa; MOHAMMADI, Siamak; SERRA, Vicenc; AL-ATASSI, Talal; INIGUEZ, Andres; VILALTA, Victoria; NOMBELA-FRANCO, Luis; SANCHEZ, Jose Ignacio Saez de Ibarra; AUFFRET, Vincent; FORCILLO, Jessica; CONRADI, Lenard; URENA, Marina; MORIS, Cesar; MUNOZ-GARCIA, Antonio; PARADIS, Jean-Michel; DUMONT, Eric; KALAVROUZIOTIS, Dimitri; POMERANTZEFF, Pablo Maria; ROSA, Vitor Emer Egypto; LOPES, Mariana Pezzute; SUREDA, Carles; DIAZ, Victor Alfonso Jimenez; GIULIANI, Carlos; AVVEDIMENTO, Marisa; PELLETIER-BEAUMONT, Emilie; PIBAROT, Philippe
    BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment in patients with severe aortic stenosis and small aortic annulus (SAA) remains to be determined. This study aimed to compare the hemodynamic and clinical outcomes between transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in patients with a SAA. METHODS: This prospective multicenter international randomized trial was performed in 15 university hospitals. Participants were 151 patients with severe aortic stenosis and SAA (mean diameter <23 mm) randomized (1:1) to TAVR (n=77) versus SAVR (n=74). The primary outcome was impaired valve hemodynamics (ie, severe prosthesis patient mismatch or moderate-severe aortic regurgitation) at 60 days as evaluated by Doppler echocardiography and analyzed in a central echocardiography core laboratory. Clinical events were secondary outcomes. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 75.5 +/- 5.1 years, with 140 (93%) women, a median Society of Thoracic Surgeons predicted risk of mortality of 2.50% (interquartile range, 1.67%-3.28%), and a median annulus diameter of 21.1 mm (interquartile range, 20.4-22.0 mm). There were no differences between groups in the rate of severe prosthesis patient mismatch (TAVR, 4 [5.6%]; SAVR, 7 [10.3%]; P=0.30) and moderate-severe aortic regurgitation (none in both groups). No differences were found between groups in mortality rate (TAVR, 1 [1.3%]; SAVR, 1 [1.4%]; P=1.00) and stroke (TAVR, 0; SAVR, 2 [2.7%]; P=0.24) at 30 days. After a median follow-up of 2 (interquartile range, 1-4) years, there were no differences between groups in mortality rate (TAVR, 7 [9.1%]; SAVR, 6 [8.1%]; P=0.89), stroke (TAVR, 3 [3.9%]; SAVR, 3 [4.1%]; P=0.95), and cardiac hospitalization (TAVR, 15 [19.5%]; SAVR, 15 [20.3%]; P=0.80). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with severe aortic stenosis and SAA (women in the majority), there was no evidence of superiority of contemporary TAVR versus SAVR in valve hemodynamic results. After a median follow-up of 2 years, there were no differences in clinical outcomes between groups. These findings suggest that the 2 therapies represent a valid alternative for treating patients with severe aortic stenosis and SAA, and treatment selection should likely be individualized according to baseline characteristics, additional anatomical risk factors, and patient preference. However, the results of this study should be interpreted with caution because of the limited sample size leading to an underpowered study, and need to be confirmed in future larger studies.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Comparing plasma and skin imprint metabolic profiles in COVID-19 diagnosis and severity assessment
    (2024) DELAFIORI, Jeany; SICILIANO, Rinaldo Focaccia; OLIVEIRA, Arthur Noin de; NICOLAU, Jose Carlos; SALES, Geovana Manzan; DALCOQUIO, Talia Falcao; BUSANELLO, Estela Natacha Brandt; EGUTI, Adriana; OLIVEIRA, Diogo Noin de; BERTOLIN, Adriadne Justi; SANTOS, Luiz Augusto dos; SALSOSO, Rocio; MARCONDES-BRAGA, Fabiana G.; DURAN, Nelson; JR, Mauricio Wesley Perroud; SABINO, Ester Cerdeira; REIS, Leonardo Oliveira; FAVARO, Wagner Jose; CATHARINO, Rodrigo Ramos
    As SARS-CoV-2 continues to produce new variants, the demand for diagnostics and a better understanding of COVID-19 remain key topics in healthcare. Skin manifestations have been widely reported in cases of COVID-19, but the mechanisms and markers of these symptoms are poorly described. In this cross-sectional study, 101 patients (64 COVID-19 positive patients and 37 controls) were enrolled between April and June 2020, during the first wave of COVID-19, in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Enrolled patients had skin imprints sampled non-invasively using silica plates; plasma samples were also collected. Samples were used for untargeted lipidomics/metabolomics through high-resolution mass spectrometry. We identified 558 molecular ions, with lipids comprising most of them. We found 245 plasma ions that were significant for COVID-19 diagnosis, compared to 61 from the skin imprints. Plasma samples outperformed skin imprints in distinguishing patients with COVID-19 from controls, with F1-scores of 91.9% and 84.3%, respectively. Skin imprints were excellent for assessing disease severity, exhibiting an F1-score of 93.5% when discriminating between patient hospitalization and home care statuses. Specifically, oleamide and linoleamide were the most discriminative biomarkers for identifying hospitalized patients through skin imprinting, and palmitic amides and N-acylethanolamine 18:0 were also identified as significant biomarkers. These observations underscore the importance of primary fatty acid amides and N-acylethanolamines in immunomodulatory processes and metabolic disorders. These findings confirm the potential utility of skin imprinting as a valuable non-invasive sampling method for COVID-19 screening; a method that may also be applied in the evaluation of other medical conditions.Key messagesSkin imprints complement plasma in disease metabolomics.The annotated markers have a role in immunomodulation and metabolic diseases.Skin imprints outperformed plasma samples at assessing disease severity.Skin imprints have potential as non-invasive sampling strategy for COVID-19.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Comparing the long-term outcomes in chronic coronary syndrome patients with prior ST-segment and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: findings from the TIGRIS registry
    (2023) KRISHNAMURTHY, Sibi N.; POCOCK, Stuart; KAUL, Prashant; OWEN, Ruth; GOODMAN, Shaun G.; GRANGER, Christopher B.; NICOLAU, Jose Carlos; SIMON, Tabassome; WESTERMANN, Dirk; YASUDA, Satoshi; ANDERSSON, Karolina; BRANDRUP-WOGNSEN, Gunnar; HUNT, Phillip R.; BRIEGER, David B.; COHEN, Mauricio G.
    Objectives Compared with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients, non-STEMI (NSTEMI) patients have more comorbidities and extensive coronary artery disease. Contemporary comparative data on the long-term prognosis of stable post-myocardial infarction subtypes are needed.Design Long-Term rIsk, clinical manaGement and healthcare Resource utilisation of stable coronary artery dISease (TIGRIS) was a multinational, observational and longitudinal cohort study.Setting Patients were enrolled from 350 centres, with >95% coming from cardiology practices across 24 countries, from 19 June 2013 to 31 March 2017.Participants This study enrolled 8277 stable patients 1-3 years after myocardial infarction with >= 1 additional risk factor.Outcome measures Over a 2 year follow-up, cardiovascular events and deaths and self-reported health using the EuroQol 5-dimension questionnaire score were recorded. Relative risk of clinical events and health resource utilisation in STEMI and NSTEMI patients were compared using multivariable Poisson regression models, adjusting for prognostically relevant patient factors.Results Of 7752 patients with known myocardial infarction type, 46% had NSTEMI; NSTEMI patients were older with more comorbidities than STEMI patients. NSTEMI patients had significantly poorer self-reported health and lower prevalence of dual antiplatelet therapy at hospital discharge and at enrolment 1-3 years later. NSTEMI patients had a higher incidence of combined myocardial infarction, stroke and cardiovascular death (5.6% vs 3.9%, p<0.001) and higher all-cause mortality (4.2% vs 2.6%, p<0.001) compared with STEMI patients. Risks were attenuated after adjusting for other patient characteristics. Health resource utilisation was higher in NSTEMI patients, although STEMI patients had more cardiologist visits.Conclusions Post-NSTEMI chronic coronary syndrome patients had a less favourable risk factor profile, poorer self-reported health and more adverse cardiovascular events during long-term follow-up than individuals post STEMI. Efforts are needed to recognise the risks of stable patients after NSTEMI and optimise secondary prevention and care.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Acute myocardial infarction preferentially alters low-abundant, long-chain unsaturated phospholipid and sphingolipid species in plasma high-density lipoprotein subpopulations
    (2024) PONNAIAH, Maharajah; ZAKIEV, Emile; LHOMME, Marie; RACHED, Fabiana; CAMONT, Laurent; JR, Carlos V. Serrano; SANTOS, Raul D.; CHAPMAN, M. John; OREKHOV, Alexander; KONTUSH, Anatol
    Aim: High-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are deficient in their anti-atherogenic function. Molecular determinants of such deficiency remain obscure. Methods: Five major HDL subpopulations were isolated using density-gradient ultracentrifugation from STEMI patients (n = 12) and healthy age- and sex-matched controls (n = 12), and 160 species of phosphatidylcholine, lysophosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidic acid, sphingomyelin and ceramide were quantified by LC-MS/MS. Results: Multiple minor species of proinflammatory phosphatidic acid and lysophosphatidylcholine were enriched by 1.7-27.2-fold throughout the majority of HDL subpopulations in STEMI. In contrast, minor phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylethanolamine, sphingomyelin and ceramide species were typically depleted up to 3-fold in STEMI vs. control HDLs, while abundances of their major species did not differ between the groups. Intermediate-to-long-chain phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylglycerol species were more affected by STEMI than their short-chain counterparts, resulting in positive correlations between their fold decrease and the carbon chain length. Additionally, fold decreases in the abundances of multiple lipid species were positively correlated with the double bond number in their carbon chains. Finally, abundances of several phospholipid and ceramide species were positively correlated with cholesterol efflux capacity and antioxidative activity of HDL subpopulations, both reduced in STEMI vs controls. KEGG pathway analysis tied these species to altered glycerophospholipid and linoleic acid metabolism. Conclusions: Minor unsaturated intermediate-to-long-chain phospholipid and sphingolipid species in HDL subpopulations are most affected by STEMI, reflecting alterations in glycerophospholipid and linoleic acid metabolism with the accumulation of proinflammatory lysolipids and maintenance of homeostasis of major phospholipid species.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Difference Between Cardiopulmonary Bypass Time and Aortic Cross-Clamping Time as a Predictor of Complications After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
    (2024) JUCA, Fabiano Goncalves; FREITAS, Fabiane Leticia de; GONCHAROV, Maxim; PES, Daniella de Lima; JUCA, Maria Eduarda Coimbra; DALLAN, Luis Roberto Palma; LISBOA, Luiz Augusto Ferreira; JATENE, Fabio B.; MEJIA, Omar Asdrubal Vilca
    Introduction: Along with cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross -clamping time is directly related to the risk of complications after heart surgery. The influence of the time difference between cardiopulmonary bypass and cross -clamping times (TDC-C) remains poorly understood. Objective: To assess the impact of cardiopulmonary bypass time in relation to cross -clamping time on immediate results after coronary artery bypass grafting in the Registro Paulista de Cirurgia Cardiovascular (REPLICCAR) II. Methods: Analysis of 3,090 patients included in REPLICCAR II database was performed. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons outcomes were evaluated (mortality, kidney failure, deep wound infection, reoperation, cerebrovascular accident, and prolonged ventilation time). A cutoff point was adopted, from which the increase of this difference would affect each outcome. Results: After a cutoff point determination, all patients were divided into Group 1 (cardiopulmonarybypasstime <140 min.,TDC-C < 30 min.), Group 2 (cardiopulmonary bypass time < 140 min., TDC-C > 30 min.), Group 3 (cardiopulmonary bypass time > 140 min., TDC-C < 30 min.), and Group 4 (cardiopulmonary bypass time > 140 min., TDC-C > 30 min.). After univariate logistic regression, Group 2 showed significant association with reoperation (odds ratio: 1.64, 95% confidence interval: 1.01-2.66), stroke (odds ratio: 3.85, 95% confidence interval: 1.99-7.63), kidney failure (odds ratio: 1.90, 95% confidence interval: 1.32-2.74), and in -hospital mortality (odds ratio: 2.17, 95% confidence interval: 1.30-3.60). Conclusion: TDC-C serves as a predictive factor for complications following coronary artery bypass grafting. We strongly recommend that future studies incorporate this metric to improve the prediction of complications.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Assessment of biomarkers and clinical parameters as predictors of survival in patients with chagasic heart failure
    (2023) BOCCHI, Edimar Alcides; GUIMARAES, Guilherme Veiga; ROMERO, Cristhian Espinoza; SATO, Paula Keiko; FREITAS, Vera Lucia Teixeira de; KANASHIRO, Edite Hatsumi Yamashiro; FURUCHO, Celia Regina; CRUZ, Fatima Das Dores; NAKANISHI, Erika Shimoda; BUSSER, Felipe Delatorre; BEZERRA, Rita Cristina; WESTPHALEN, Elizabeth Visone Nunes; ROCHA, Mussya Cisotto; YASUDA, Maria Aparecida Shikanai
    Background Chagas disease, endemic in Latin America and spreading globally due to emigration, has a significant health burden, particularly in relation to chagasic heart failure (HF). Chagasic cardiomyopathy (CCM) is characterized by chronic inflammatory myocardial disease. This study aimed to identify inflammatory parameters and biomarkers that could aid in the management of patients with chagasic HF. Methods and findings A cohort study was conducted at a tertiary cardiology single-center over a mean follow-up period of 2.4 years. The study included patients with HF secondary to CCM enrolled between October 2013 and July 2017. Various clinical parameters, echocardiography findings, parasitemia status, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and troponin T (TnT) levels, and inflammatory biomarkers (IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-17A, adiponectin, and IFN-gamma) were assessed. The study encompassed a cohort of 103 patients, with a median age of 53 years and 70% being male. The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 28%, with 40% of patients classified as NYHA II functional class. The median BNP level was 291 pg/ml. The observed mortality rate during the study period was 38.8%. Predictors of lower survival were identified as elevated levels of BNP, TnT, reduced LVEF, and increased adiponectin (thresholds: BNP > 309 pg/ml, TnT > 27.5 ng/ml, LVEF < 25.5%, adiponectin > 38 mu g/mL). Notably, there was no evidence indicating a relationship between parasitemia and the inflammatory parameters with lower survival in these patients, including INF-gamma, IL-6, IL-10, IL12-(p70), and IL17a. Conclusion Despite the presence of a chronic inflammatory process, the evaluated inflammatory biomarkers in this cohort were not predictive of survival in patients with chagasic HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). However, reduced LVEF, elevated BNP, adiponectin levels, and troponin T were identified as predictors of lower survival in these patients.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Evaluation of the therapeutic effects of oestradiol on the systemic inflammatory response and on lung injury caused by the occlusion of the proximal descending aorta in male rats
    (2023) SOUSA, Marcelo Nunes de; ANUNCIACAO, Lucas Ferreira da; FREITAS, Pedro Luiz Zonta de; RICARDO-DA-SILVA, Fernanda Yamamoto; MOREIRA, Luiz Felipe Pinho; CORREIA, Cristiano Jesus; BREITHAUPT-FALOPPA, Ana Cristina
    OBJECTIVES: Ischaemia and reperfusion-induced microvascular dysfunction is a serious problem encountered during a variety surgical procedures, leading to systemic inflammation and affecting remote organs, specially the lungs. 17 beta-Oestradiol reduces pulmonary repercussions from various acute lung injury forms. Here, we focused on the 17 beta-oestradiol therapeutic effects after aortic ischaemia and reperfusion (I/R) by evaluating lung inflammation. METHODS: Twenty-four Wistar rats were submitted to I/R by insufflation of a 2-F catheter in thoracic aorta for 20 min. Reperfusion took 4 h and 17 beta-oestradiol (280 mg/kg, i.v.) was administered after 1 h of reperfusion. Sham-operated rats were controls. Bronchoalveolar lavage was performed and lung samples were prepared for histopathological analysis and tissue culture (explant). Interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-10 and tumour necrosis factor-a were quantified. RESULTS: After I/R, higher number of leukocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage were reduced by 17 beta-oestradiol. The treatment also decreased leukocytes in lung tissue. I/R increased lung myeloperoxidase expression, with reduction by 17 beta-oestradiol. Serum cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant 1 and IL-1 beta increased after I/R and 17 beta-oestradiol decreased cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant 1. I/R increased IL-1 beta and IL-10 in lung explants, reduced by 17 beta-oestradiol. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that 17 beta-oestradiol treatment performed in the period of reperfusion, modulated the systemic response and the lung repercussions of I/R by thoracic aortic occlusion. Thus, we can suggest that 17 beta-oestradiol might be a supplementary approach leading the lung deterioration after aortic clamping in surgical procedures.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Male versus female inflammatory response after brain death model followed by ex vivo lung perfusion
    (2024) RICARDO-DA-SILVA, Fernanda Yamamoto; ARMSTRONG-JR, Roberto; RAMOS, Mayara Munhoz de Assis; VIDAL-DOS-SANTOS, Marina; CORREIA, Cristiano Jesus; OTTENS, Petra J.; MOREIRA, Luiz Felipe Pinho; LEUVENINK, Henri G. D.; BREITHAUPT-FALOPPA, Ana Cristina
    BackgroundEx vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) is a useful tool for assessing lung grafts quality before transplantation. Studies indicate that donor sex is as an important factor for transplant outcome, as females present higher inflammatory response to brain death (BD) than males. Here, we investigated sex differences in the lungs of rats subjected to BD followed by EVLP.MethodsMale and female Wistar rats were subjected to BD, and as controls sham animals. Arterial blood was sampled for gas analysis. Heart-lung blocks were kept in cold storage (1 h) and normothermic EVLP carried out (4 h), meanwhile ventilation parameters were recorded. Perfusate was sampled for gas analysis and IL-1 beta levels. Leukocyte infiltration, myeloperoxidase presence, IL-1 beta gene expression, and long-term release in lung culture (explant) were evaluated.ResultsBrain dead females presented a low lung function after BD, compared to BD-males; however, at the end of the EVLP period oxygenation capacity decreased in all BD groups. Overall, ventilation parameters were maintained in all groups. After EVLP lung infiltrate was higher in brain dead females, with higher neutrophil content, and accompanied by high IL-1 beta levels, with increased gene expression and concentration in the culture medium (explant) 24 h after EVLP. Female rats presented higher lung inflammation after BD than male rats. Despite maintaining lung function and ventilation mechanics parameters for 4 h, EVLP was not able to alter this profile.ConclusionIn this context, further studies should focus on therapeutic measures to control inflammation in donor or during EVLP to increase lung quality. Ex vivo lung perfusion maintains lung function in lung grafts from brain dead rats, independently of sex;Inflammation is greater in female's lung grafts even after ex vivo perfusion when compared to males. As there is a shortage of viable lungs for transplantation, methods of lung preservation, such as ex vivo perfusion, are important. This method is a good alternative, as it will not only preserve the lungs, but also enable lung function assessment and treatment of the organs. Studies have showed that lungs from donors of the female sex have greater risk of being rejected, when transplanted to male receptors. However, it's not certain if sex differences in anatomy, physiology and specially in immune response could interfere with the transplant result. Females do present a greater and more efficient immune response to any hazard, however after brain death this control is lost, producing a great inflammatory response as a result. Therefore, in this study we have investigated in more detail the influence of sex on the effects of brain death followed by the preservation method. Thus, we performed a brain death model in males and females rats and placed their lungs in an ex vivo lung perfusion machine. At the end of the experiment, we analyzed lung ventilation, gas exchange, and inflammatory parameters. The obtained data indicated that overall the lung ventilation and gas exchange is maintained by the ex vivo perfusion machine. Also, that lung inflammation is influenced by the sex of the donor; where the lungs from females present greater inflammation compared to the lungs from males.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Reflections Upon 55 Years of the First Human Heart Transplant in Brazil
    (2024) STOLF, Noedir Antonio Groppo
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Safety and possible anti-inflammatory effect of paclitaxel associated with LDL-like nanoparticles (LDE) in patients with chronic coronary artery disease: a double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study
    (2024) MARINHO, Lucas Lage; RACHED, Fabiana Hanna; MORIKAWA, Aleksandra Tiemi; TAVONI, Thauany Martins; CARDOSO, Ana Paula Toniello; TORRES, Roberto Vitor Almeida; JR, Antonildes Nascimento Assuncao; JR, Carlos Vicente Serrano; NOMURA, Cesar Higa; MARANHAO, Raul Cavalcante
    Introduction Studies in cholesterol-fed rabbits showed that anti-proliferative chemotherapeutic agents such as paclitaxel associated with solid lipid nanoparticles (LDE) have marked anti-atherosclerotic effects. In addition, association with LDE nearly abolishes paclitaxel toxicity. We investigated whether treatment with LDE-paclitaxel changes plaque progression by coronary CT angiography and is safe in patients with chronic coronary artery disease.Methods We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study in patients with multi-vessel chronic coronary artery disease. Patients were randomized to receive IV infusions of LDE-paclitaxel (paclitaxel dose: 175 mg/m2 body surface) or LDE alone (placebo group), administered every 3 weeks for 18 weeks. All participants received guideline-directed medical therapy. Clinical and laboratory safety evaluations were made at baseline and every 3 weeks until the end of the study. Analysis of inflammatory biomarkers and coronary CTA was also performed at baseline and 4 weeks after treatment.Results Forty patients aged 65.6 +/- 8 years, 20 in LDE-paclitaxel and 20 in placebo group were enrolled. Among those, 58% had diabetes, 50% had myocardial infarction, and 91% were in use of statin and aspirin. Baseline demographics, risk factors, and laboratory results were not different between groups. In all patients, no clinical or laboratory toxicities were observed. From the baseline to the end of follow-up, there was a non-significant trend toward a decrease in IL-6 levels and hsCRP in the LDE-paclitaxel group (-16% and -28%, respectively), not observed in placebo. Regarding plaque progression analysis, variation in plaque parameter values was wide, and no difference between groups was observed.Conclusion In patients with multivessel chronic coronary artery disease and optimized medical therapy, LDE-paclitaxel was safe and showed clues of potential benefits in reducing inflammatory biomarkers.Clinical Trial Registration, identifier (NCT04148833).
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Delayed left main coronary obstruction following transfemoral inovare transcatheter aortic valve replacement: A challenging case
    Coronary obstruction is an uncommon and severe complication after a transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), that occurs during the procedure in the vast majority of patients. In the present case even in the absence of classic risk factors, an acute coronary syndrome occurred one day after TAVR. Selective angiography revealed a severe left main ostium obstruction by the bulky native leaflet calcification. This is the first case of delayed presentation of coronary obstruction with a transfemoral balloon-expandable valve using the Inovare bioprosthesis (Braile Biomedica, Brazil). In addition, after drug-eluting stent placement in the left main coronary, intravascular ultrasound revealed severe stent underexpansion, so that a second layer of a bare-metal stent and high-pressure balloon post-dilatation was necessary to improve the final result. The patient was discharged after 7 days, and at the 6-month follow-up remained asymptomatic.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Rare association between giant-cell aortitis and giant-cell aortic valvulitis
    Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a type of chronic vasculitis that affects medium and large-caliber arteries, frequently related to aortic involvement and, consequently, to aneurysm formation. However, associated valvulitis with giant cells is uncommon. We describe the case of a 50-year-old female patient with aortic aneurysm and valvular insufficiency, whose anatomopathological examination revealed giant-cell aortic valvulitis associated with giant cell aortitis.
  • article 6 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Reduced-dose prasugrel monotherapy without aspirin after PCI with the SYNERGY stent in East Asian patients presenting with chronic coronary syndromes or non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes: rationale and design of the ASET Japan pilot study
    The Acetyl Salicylic Elimination Trial (ASET) Japan pilot study is a multicentre, single-arm, open-label, proof-of-concept study with a stopping rule based on the occurrence of definite stent thrombosis. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility and safety of low-dose prasugrel monotherapy following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Japanese patients presenting with chronic coronary syndromes (CCS) or non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS). Four hundred patients with a SYNTAX score <23 requiring PCI due to CCS or NSTE-ACS will be screened and considered eligible for the study. The enrolment is planned in two phases: 1) 200 patients presenting with CCS, followed by 2) 200 patients presenting with NSTE-ACS. After optimal PCI with implantation of a SYNERGY (Boston Scientific) stent, patients will be enrolled and loaded with prasugrel 20 mg, followed by a maintenance dose of prasugrel 3.75 mg once daily without aspirin continued for 3 months in Phase 1 (CCS patients), and for 12 months in Phase 2 (NSTE-ACS patients). After these follow-up periods, prasugrel will be replaced by standard antiplatelet therapy according to local practice. The primary endpoint is a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, or definite stent thrombosis after the index procedure. The primary bleeding endpoint is any Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 3 or 5 bleeding occurring within 3 months of the index PCI for CCS patients, or 12 months for NSTE-ACS patients. The ASET Japan study is designed to demonstrate the feasibility and safety of reduced-dose prasugrel monotherapy after PCI in East Asian patients with acute and chronic coronary syndromes.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Rivaroxaban versus warfarin in postoperative atrial fibrillation: Cost-effectiveness analysis in a single-center, randomized, and prospective trial
    (2023) PEREIRA, M. D. P.; LIMA, E. G.; PITTA, F. G.; GOWDAK, L. H. W.; MIOTO, B. M.; CARVALHO, L. N. S.; DARRIEUX, F. C. D. C.; MEJIA, O. A. V.; JATENE, F. B.; SERRANO JR., C. V
    Objectives: Postoperative atrial fibrillation is the most common clinical complication after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. It is associated with a high risk of both stroke and death and increases the length of hospital stay and costs. This study aimed to evaluate anticoagulants in postoperative atrial fibrillation. Methods: A single-center, randomized, prospective, and open-label study. The trial was conducted in Heart Institute at University of São Paulo, Brazil. Patients who developed postoperative atrial fibrillation were randomized to anticoagulation with rivaroxaban or warfarin plus enoxaparin bridging. The primary objective was the cost-effectiveness evaluated by quality-adjusted life years, using the SF-6D questionnaire. The secondary end point was the combination of death, stroke, myocardial infarction, thromboembolic events, infections, bleeding, readmissions, and surgical reinterventions. The safety end point was any bleeding using the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis score. Follow-up period was 30 days after hospital discharge. Results: We analyzed 324 patients and 53 patients were randomized. The median cost-effectiveness was $1423.20 in the warfarin group versus $586.80 in the rivaroxaban group (P = .002). The median cost was lower in the rivaroxaban group, $450.20 versus $947.30 (P < .001). The secondary outcome was similar in both groups, 44.4% in warfarin group versus 38.5% in the rivaroxaban group (P = .65). Bleeding occured in 25.9% in the warfarin group versus 11.5% in the rivaroxaban group (P = .18). Conclusions: Rivaroxaban was more cost-effective when compared with warfarin associated with enoxaparin bridging in postoperative atrial fibrillation after isolated coronary artery bypass grafting.