Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/30

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A coleção de Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas engloba artigos originais, artigos de revisão, artigos de atualização, artigos técnicos, relatos de experiências, resenhas, ensaios, editoriais, cartas ao editor, debates, notas científicas e técnicas, depoimentos, entrevistas e pontos de vista. Consideram-se como artigos científicos originais os trabalhos redigidos para divulgação de informações e resultados sobre determinada pesquisa científica, publicados em periódico científico após avaliação por outros pesquisadores.

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  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Clinical Aspects and Etiologic Investigation of Pediatric Patients With Acute Liver Failure
    (2023) LUGLIO, Michele; MARQUES, Tatiana de Carvalho Silva; PEREIRA, Maria Fernanda Badue; DELGADO, Artur Figueiredo; CARVALHO, Werther Brunow de; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; SANDY, Natascha Silva; LITVINOV, Nadia; PAULA, Camila Sanson Yoshino de; SANTOS, Ariane Guissi dos; LAZARI, Carolina dos Santos; GOUVEA, Michele Soares Gomes; PAULA, Anderson Vicente de; MENDOZA, Tania Regina Tozetto; TANIGAWAH, Ryan Yukimatsu; LIMAH, Fabiana Roberto; HIRAYAMAH, Andre Bubna; SANTOS, Isabela Gusson Galdino dos; PINHOG, Joao Renato Rebello; SABINOG, Ester Cerdeira; MENDES-CORREAHG, Maria Cassia; ALVESH, Venancio Avancini Ferreira; MARQUESC, Heloisa Helena de Sousa
    A new outbreak of hepatitis of unknown origin raised awareness in the international community. A few reports have attempted to associate new cases with adenovirus infection and the immunologic effects of previous SARS-CoV-2 infections through a superantigen mechanism. Moreover, according to a case series, viral isolates were identified in 7 of 10 cases of pediatric patients with hepatitis of unknown origin and acute liver failure. Adenovirus was detected by respiratory secretion polymerase chain reaction in 2 patients, with neither presenting with SARS-CoV-2 acute infection. Clinical and laboratory descriptions and cross-referencing epidemiologic and pathophysiological data can help identify possible disease etiologies.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Three-dimensional Ultrasound Evaluation of Lung Volume in Fetuses with Abdominal Wall Defect
    (2023) NISHIE, Estela Naomi; OSMUNDO-JUNIOR, Gilmar de Souza; MOHAMED, Samirah Hosney Mahmoud; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; GIBELLI, Maria Augusta Bento Cicaroni; CARVALHO, Werther Brunow de; PERES, Stela Verzinhasse; FRANCISCO, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira; BRIZOT, Maria de Lourdes
    Introduction: Abdominal wall defects (AWD) interfere with postnatal respiratory parameters. We aimed to evaluate lung volume (LV) in fetuses with AWD using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound (US) and to correlate AWD with the type (omphalocele and gastroschisis) and size of the defect and neonatal morbidity and mortality.Methods: This prospective study included 72 pregnant women with fetuses with AWD and a gestational age <25 weeks. Abdominal volume, 3D US LV, and herniated volume were acquired every 4 weeks up to 33 weeks. LV was compared with normal reference curves and correlated with abdominal and herniated volumes.Results: Omphalocele (p<0.001) and gastroschisis (p<0.001) fetuses had smaller LV than did normal fetuses. LV was positively correlated with abdominal volume (omphalocele, r=0.86; gastroschisis, r=0.88), whereas LV was negatively correlated with omphalocele-herniated volume/abdominal volume (p<0.001, r= -0.51). LV was smaller in omphalocele fetuses that died (p=0.002), were intubated (p=0.02), or had secondary closure (p<0.001). In gastroschisis, a smaller LV was observed in fetuses discharged using oxygen (p=0.002).Discussion/Conclusion: Fetuses with AWD had smaller 3D LV than normal fetuses. Fetal abdominal volume was inversely correlated with LV. In omphalocele fetuses, a smaller LV was associated with neonatal mortality and morbidity.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Post-natal prognostic factors in CDH: experience of 11 years in a referral center in Brazil
    (2023) NAM, Camila Pinho Brasileiro Martins; CAMPOS, Carolina Vieira; LEAL, Gabriela Nunes; TANNURI, Uenis; CECCON, Maria Esther Jurfest Rivero; CARVALHO, Werther Brunow de
    Objective: To describe post-natal risk factors associated with death in Newborns (NB) with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) in a Brazilian reference center.Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, post-natal clinical factors of all NB diagnosed with CDH were reviewed in an 11-year period (2007-2018). The primary outcome was death. Secondary outcomes included clinical features, prognostic indexes, type of mechanical ventilation, complications during hospitalization and surgical repair.Results: After applying the exclusion criteria, the authors analyzed 137 charts. Overall mortality was 59% (81/ 137), and the highest rates were observed for low-birth-weight NB (87%), syndromic phenotype (92%), and those with major malformations (100%). Prognostic indexes such as Apgar, SNAPPE-II and 24hOI (best oxygenation index in 24 hours) were all associated with poor evolution. In a multivariate analysis, only birth weight and 24hOI were statistically significant risk factors for mortality, with a reduction in mortality risk of 17.1% (OR = 0.829, 95% IC 0.72-0.955, p = 0.009) for each additional 100g at birth and an increase by 26.5% (OR = 1.265, 95% IC 1.113-1.436, p = 0.0003) for each unitary increase at the 24hOI.Conclusion: Prognostic indexes are an important tool for predicting outcomes and improving resource allocation. Post-natal risk factors may be more suitable for settings where antenatal diagnosis is not universal. Classical risk factors, such as prematurity, low birth weight, higher need for supportive care, and poorer prognostic indexes were associated with mortality in our CDH population.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Effects of local and remote ischemic postconditioning methods on ischemia-reperfusion injury in a young animal model of acute mesenteric ischemia
    (2023) ABREU, Mateus Souza; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; RODRIGUES, Rafael Felipe Goncalves; SILVA, Rafael Jose da; GONCALVES, Josiane de Oliveira; SERAFINI, Suellen; TANNURI, Uenis
    Purpose: Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) is a condition in pediatric surgery that ranges from intestine necrosis to death. Ischemic postconditioning (IPoC) methods were developed to reduce the damage caused by revascularization. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of these methods in an experimental weaning rat model. Methods: Thirty-two 21-day-old Wistar rats were allocated into four groups according to the surgical procedure performed: control, ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), local (LIPoC) and remote IPoC (RIPoC). At euthanasia, fragments of the intestine, liver, lungs, and kidneys were submitted to histological, histomorphometric, and molecular analyses. Results: In the duodenum, intestines, and kidneys histological alterations promoted by IRI were reversed by remote postconditioning method. In the distal ileum, the histomorphometric alterations could be reversed by the postconditioning methods with more evident effects promoted by the remote method. The molecular analysis found that the levels of expression of Bax (proapoptotic) and Bcl-XL (antiapoptotic) genes in the intestine were increased by IRI. These alterations were equally reversed by the postconditioning methods, with more evident effects of the remote method. Conclusion: IPoC methods positively reduced the damage caused by IRI in weaning rats.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Effects of serum sodium and chloride levels in the outcome of critically ill pediatric patients in the post-operative period of liver transplantation
    (2023) LUGLIO, Michele; CARVALHO, Werther B. de; TANNURI, Uenis; TANNURI, Ana Cristina A.; MATSURA, Rodrigo Hideki; FRANCA, Gardenia Morais; DELGADO, Artur F.
    BackgroundSodium and chloride disturbances have attracted increasing attention in recent years. Many pathophysiological effects are associated with hyperchloremia, including reduction in mean arterial pressure and acute renal disease. Pediatric patients undergoing liver transplantation are at risk of developing various electrolyte and biochemical abnormalities, with an impact on their postoperative outcomes.ObjectiveTo analyze the impacts of serum sodium and chloride levels on prognosis of Pediatric Liver Transplant receptors.MethodsThis was a retrospective analytical observational study performed in a single transplant reference center in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Included patients were pediatric patients who underwent liver transplantation between January 2015 and July 2019. Statistical regression analysis and General Estimating Equations analysis were performed to evaluate the impacts of sodium and chloride disturbances on the development of acute renal failure and mortality.ResultsA total of 143 patients were included in this study. The main diagnosis was Biliary Atresia (62.9%). Twenty-seven patients died (18.9%), and graft dysfunction was the main cause of death (29.6%). The only variable individually associated with 28-days mortality was PIM-3 score (HR 1.59, CI 95% 1.165-2.177, p = 0.004). Forty-one patients (28.6%) developed moderate or severe AKI. PIM-3 score (OR 3.052, 95% CI 1.56-5.97, p = 0.001), hypernatremia (OR 3.49, 95% CI 1.32-9.23, p = 0.012), and hyponatremia (OR 4.24, 95% CI 1.52-11.85, p = 0.006) were independently associated with the development of moderate/severe AKI.ConclusionsIn pediatric patients after liver transplantation, PIM-3 score, and abnormal serum sodium levels were correlated with AKI development.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    A new systematization of histological analysis for the diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease
    (2023) SERAFINI, Suellen; SANTOS, Maria Merces; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; LORETO, Celso Di; GONCALVES, Josiane de Oliveira; TANNURI, Uenis
    Background: Hirschsprung's Disease (HD) is characterized by intestinal sub-occlusion and the absence of enteric ganglion cells. A rectal biopsy examination is performed to confirm the diagnosis. In a recent study, we demon-strated that the analysis of 60 sections of rectal mucosa and submucosa stained by H&E may ensure a 90% diag-nostic accuracy. Although the need to analyze so many sections makes the process of reading the slides more time-consuming, this encouraged us to study their distribution in the healthy rectal submucosa, to simplify the diagnosis.Objectives: To develop a method that facilitates HD diagnosis by studying the distribution of ganglion cells in the submucosal plexus. Methods: Using the calretinin technique, we studied the distribution of plexuses in 60 fragments of rectal submu-cosa from 19 cadavers. After the study, the reading method created was used for diagnosis in 47 cases of suspected HD, using H&E staining. The accuracy was verified by comparing the results obtained with H&E to those obtained with the acetylcholinesterase technique, the golden standard in our laboratory.Results: The study of submucosal plexus distribution showed that just by examining the submucosal region every 20 mu m, approximately, it is possible to locate a ganglionic plexus, and we have already been able to diagnose HD with 93% accuracy. Conclusion: The study of ganglion cell distribution enabled the creation of a simplified method for reading the slides. The method applied achieved good accuracy and it can be used as an alternative method in HD diagnosis.
  • article 4 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Development of a prognostic model for pediatric acute liver failure in a Brazilian center
    (2022) COLLETI JUNIOR, Jose; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; TANNURI, Uenis; DELGADO, Artur Figueiredo; CARVALHO, Werther Brunow de
    Objective: Pediatric acute liver failure (PALF) is a heterogeneous, rare, and severe condition, which outcome is survival due to liver spontaneous recovery or death. The patients who do not recover may be allocated to liver transplantation, which is the standard treatment. This study aimed to build a prognostic model to support the clinical decision to indicate liver transplanta-tion for patients with PALF in a Brazilian center. Methods: The authors retrospectively analyzed the clinical variables of 120 patients in the liver transplantation program of the 'Children's Institute of the University of Sa similar to o Paulo, Brazil. The authors conducted a univariate analysis of variables associated with survival in PALF. Logistic multivariate analysis was performed to find a prognostic model for the outcome of patients with pediatric acute liver failure. Results: Risk factors were analyzed using univariate analysis. Two prognostic models were built using multiple logistic regression, which resulted in 2 models: model 1(INR/ALT) and model 2 (INR/Total bilirubin). Both models showed a high sensitivity (97.9%/96.9%), good positive predic-tive value (89.5%/90.4%), and accuracy (88.4%/88.5%), respectively. The receiver operating characteristic was calculated for both models, and the area under the curve was 0.87 for model 1 and 0.88 for model 2. The Hosmer-Lemeshow test showed that model 1 was good. Conclusion: The authors built a prognostic model for PALF using INR and ALT that can contribute to the clinical decision to allocate patients to liver transplantation. (c) 2022 Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Wilms tumor in children: A multivariate analysis of prognostic factors, with emphasis on inferior vena cava/right atrium extension. Results from a single-center study
    (2023) BRENER, Pedro Zanetta; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; TEIXEIRA, Roberto Augusto Plaza; CRISTOFANI, Lilian Maria; EVANGELISTA, Ana Beatriz Rabelo; SUGIYAMA, Renata Morita; TANNURI, Uenis
    Background: To identify prognostic factors for overall survival through the analysis of 132 patients with Wilms tumor followed at a single center, with emphasis on the inferior vena cava/right atrium extension.Methods: Retrospective analysis of overall survival using logistic regression models and including age, sex, clinical features, associated syndromes, comorbidities, tumor size before chemotherapy, stage, presence of metastatic disease and its site, invasion of adjacent structures, inferior vena cava/right atrium extension, laterality, tumor histology, chemotherapy protocol, and radiotherapy as potential risk factors.Results: From January 2000 through November 2021, 132 patients met the inclusion criteria, 64 females and 68 males; 15 (11.4%) patients presented with tumoral extension to inferior vena cava/right atrium and 44 had metastatic disease (33.3%). Based on logistic regression, the factors correlating to a fatal outcome were male sex (p = 0.046), high risk histology (p = 0.036), and the presence of metastatic disease (p = 0.003). None of the patients presenting inferior vena cava/right atrium extension died (p = 0.992). In a specific analysis of metastatic sites, hepatic metastasis alone showed correlation with a fatal outcome (p = 0.001).Conclusion: These results underline the importance of identifying and treating metastatic disease and high-risk tumors. The female gender as a potential driver for a less aggressive disease is a new finding that deserves further investigation. The accurate identification of inferior vena cava/right atrium extension, subsequent preoperative chemotherapy, and resection with a skilled team promoted survival rates of all patients.Level of evidence: II.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Microsurgical arterial anastomosis in young and adult rats: an evolutive and comparative study
    (2022) SANTOS, Maria Merces; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; LACERDA, Adriana Vasconcelos; GONCALVES, Josiane de Oliveira; RICARDI, Luiz Roberto Schlaich; TANNURI, Uenis
    Purpose: To evaluate the caliber of an arterial micro-anastomosis in the young growing animal using a continuous suture technique. Additionally, late morphological changes and blood flows distal to the anastomosis were evaluated. Methods: Seventy-four Wistar rats were submitted to laparotomy to access the aorta for blood flow measurement. The aorta was sectioned using microsurgery technique and an end-to-end anastomosis with continuous suture. After a period of six months to one year, the anastomosis was checked. Results: Regarding the size of the aortas, comparing the pre- and postoperative values, there was an increase of 13.33% in adult animals and 25% in young animals, without any difference in the blood flows. Conclusion: The arteries of young rats show signs of growth at the site of the anastomosis performed with continuous suture.
  • article 9 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Physical and mental health impacts during COVID-19 quarantine in adolescents with preexisting chronic immunocompromised conditions
    (2022) LINDOSO, Livia; ASTLEY, Camilla; QUEIROZ, Ligia Bruni; GUALANO, Bruno; PEREIRA, Rosa Maria Rodrigues; TANNURI, Uenis; CAMPOS, Lucia Maria Mattei de Arruda; LOURENCO, Benito; TOMA, Ricardo Katsuya; MEDEIROS, Karina; WATANABE, Andreia; GRANGEIRO, Patricia Moreno; BARROS, Vera da Penha Martellini Ferrari Rego; CASELLA, Caio Borba; FARHAT, Sylvia; POLANCZYK, Guilherme Vanoni; SILVA, Clovis Artur
    Objective: To evaluate physical and mental health indicators in adolescents with preexisting chronic immunocompromised conditions during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) quarantine. Methods: A cross-sectional study included 355 adolescents with chronic conditions and 111 healthy adolescents. An online self-rated survey was used to investigate socio-demographic features, healthcare routine, and the quarantine impact on physical and mental health. The validated self-reported version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was also applied. Results: The median of age [14 (10-18) vs. 15 (10-18) years, p = 0.733] and frequencies of female (61% vs. 60%, p = 0.970) were similar between adolescents with preexisting chronic conditions and healthy adolescents during quarantine of COVID-19 pandemic. The frequencies of abnormal total difficulties score of SDQ were similar in patients and controls (30% vs. 31%, p = 0.775). Logistic regression analysis showed that being female (OR = 1.965; 95% CI = 1.091-3.541, p = 0.024), fear of underlying disease activity/complication (OR = 1.009; 95%CI = 1.001-1.018, p = 0.030) were associated with severe psychosocial dysfunction in adolescents with chronic conditions, whereas school homework (OR = 0.449; 95% CI = 0.206-0.981, p = 0.045) and physical activity (OR = 0.990; 95% CI = 0.981-0.999, p = 0.030) were protective factors. Further analysis of patients with chronic immunocompromised conditions and previous diagnosis of mental disorders (9%) compared with patients without diagnosis showed higher median of total difficulties score (p = 0.001), emotional (p = 0.005), conduct (p = 0.007), peer problems (p = 0.001) and hyperactivity (p = 0.034) in the former group. Conclusion: Adolescents with preexisting chronic immunocompromised conditions during COVID-19 quarantine were not at higher risk of adverse health indicators. Being female, fear of underlying disease activity/complication, and household members working outside of the home were relevant issues for adolescents with preexisting chronic conditions. This study reinforces the need to establish mental health strategies for teens with chronic conditions, particularly during the pandemic. (C) 2021 Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. on behalf of Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria.
  • article
    Avaliação do desenvolvimento motor e do efeito da intervenção fisioterapêutica em recém-nascidos cirúrgicos em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal
    (2022) SHIMIZU, Glaucia Yuri; CECCON, Maria Esther Jurfest Rivero; PAULA, Lúcia Cândida Soares de; FALCÃO, Mário Cícero; TANNURI, Uenis; CARVALHO, Werther Brunow de
    ABSTRACT This study aimed to verify the applicability of the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) in surgical neonates as a tool for evaluating motor performance and to evaluate the benefit of physical therapy. Surgical neonates, divided into group without physical therapy (n=38) and group with motor physical therapy (n=38), were evaluated by TIMP and reasssment two weeks later. The physical therapy group performed standardized exercises for motor sensory stimulation once a day, whereas the other group received the usual care from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. The predominant surgical diagnosis in both groups was gastroschisis, followed by congenital diaphragmatic hernia. In the initial evaluation, motor performance was equal between the groups, classified as “below average” for age, with z-score=−1.28 (p=0.992). In the reassessment, the physical therapy group presented better scores (p<0.001) and a higher difference in z-score (p<0.001), higher percentage of neonates classified as “within average” (44% in the physical therapy group and 2.6% in the no physical therapy group), as well as a higher weight gain percentage (p=0.038). We found a worsening of motor performance in 10.5% of the no physical therapy group (p<0.001) in the reassment. Motor performance improved in 81.6% of the physical therapy group and in only 13.2% of the no physical therapy group individuals (p<0.001). Conclusion: TIMP was safely and effectively applied to newborns; notably, the test must be performed by professionals experienced in care of neonates. Motor intervention was beneficial, significantly improving motor performance, and if applied early, it may adequate the motor development of these neonates, even before hospital discharge.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Profilaxia com lock de etanol em cateter venoso central de longa permanência em crianças com disfunção intestinal grave: relato de seis casos
    (2022) FALCÃO, Mário Cícero; CASTRO, Gabriela Ibrahim Martins de; FRAMIL, Juliana Valeria de Souza; BIGIO, Juliana Zoboli Del; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun
    Abstract The aim of this study was to report on use of ethanol lock in long-term catheters in newborns with severe intestinal dysfunction, dependent on total and prolonged parenteral nutrition, in a Neonatal Intensive Care Center (tertiary level), between 2015 and 2020. Six infants (0.65%) out of the 914 admitted during the period met the inclusion criteria. The median age at catheter placement was 121.5 days. Two Powerpicc (PICC Power Sinergy™, São Paulo), one Groshong (Groshong™ Central Venous Catheter BD, São Paulo), and three silicone catheters were used, all tunneled, and the median dwell duration was 182.5 days. Four patients had at least one episode of infection related to the central venous catheter, and Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and fungal agents were isolated. The median length of hospital stay was 555 days and mortality was 33.3%. The ethanol lock did not cause any side effects and was relatively effective in preventing infections related to the central venous catheter.
  • article 4 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Avocado (Persea americana) pulp improves cardiovascular and autonomic recovery following submaximal running: a crossover, randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled trial
    (2020) SOUSA, Fernando H.; VALENTI, Vitor E.; PEREIRA, Leticia C.; BUENO, Rafaela R.; PRATES, Sara; AKIMOTO, Amanda N.; KAVIANI, Mojtaba; GARNER, David M.; AMARAL, Joice A. T.; ABREU, Luiz Carlos de
    Previous studies have demonstrated that regular avocado consumption presents advantageous effects on cardiovascular system. However, little attention has been paid to the use of avocado as a dietary supplement, in particular, for individuals involved in physical exercise training. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the effect of acute avocado pulp intake on cardiovascular and autonomic recovery subsequent to moderate exercise. Using a crossover, randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled trial design, 16 healthy female adults underwent two protocols: Avocado pulp (600 mg in capsule) and placebo (600 mg starch in capsule). After the ingestion of Avocado pulp or placebo, the subjects were seated for 60 min at rest, followed by running on a treadmill at a submaximal level and then remained seated for 60 min during recovery from the exercise. Heart rate (HR), heart rate variability (HRV) [rMSSD, SD1, HF (ms(2))] and skin conductance were evaluated before and during exercise, as well as during recovery. HR, systolic blood pressure, HRV and skin conductance recovered faster when subjects were given avocado pulp prior to exercise. In conclusion, avocado pulp improved cardiovascular and autonomic recovery after exercise, suggesting a reduced risk of cardiovascular events after exertion. The current results support the beneficial effects of ingestion of avocado prior to submaximal treadmill running.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Seropositivity for cytomegalovirus and PCR-EBV monitoring: Protective factors for posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder in pediatric liver transplant
    (2022) EBOLI, Ligia Patricia de Carvalho Batista; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; TANNURI, Uenis
    Background PTLD is a clinical condition with high mortality. Monitoring EBV replication can be a useful tool to avoid the development of PTLD. Materials and Methods This was a retrospective analysis of 428 pediatric patients who underwent liver transplantation between 1989 and 2016. The patients were divided into 2 groups (transplanted before 2006, when PCR-EBV was not monitored, and after 2006, when PCR-EBV monitoring was started). Patients with continuous PCR measurements for EBV were evaluated for the impact of a reduction in immunosuppression or a change in immunosuppressants on the number of viral copies. A logistic regression model was applied to evaluate factors related to PTLD. Results The prevalence of PTLD was 4.2%. After monitoring patients with PCR for EBV levels, a predominance of the most severe, monomorphic form of lymphoproliferative disorder was observed (p = .009). The PTLD mortality was 5%. There was a change in the PCR level after tacrolimus reduction (p = .002) and after tacrolimus exchange for mTOR (p = .008). The number of EBV copies was significantly higher (p = .029) in patients who developed PTLD. In the multiple regression model, seropositivity for CMV was an independent protective factor for lymphoproliferative disorder (OR=0.09; 95% CI 0.02-0.42), reducing the chance of having PTLD adjusted by serology for EBV by 91%. Conclusions Monitoring the EBV viral load by PCR seems to prevent the emergence of milder forms of lymphoproliferative disorder. Pretransplant seropositivity for CMV is a protective factor for PTLD.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Does Arterialization of Portal Vein Have Any Effects in Large-for-Size Liver Transplantation? Hemodynamic, Histological, and Biomolecular Experimental Studies
    (2022) TORRES, Rafael Rodrigues; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; SERAFINI, Suellen; BELON, Alessandro; GONCALVES, Josiane Oliveira; LORETO, Celso di; TANNURI, Uenis
    Background: In pediatric liver transplantation, the optimal size of the transplanted liver ranges between 0.8% and 4.0% of the recipient's weight. Sometimes, the graft weight exceeds this upper limit, characterizing the large-for-size condition potentially associated with reduced blood flow and worsening of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Therefore, it would be beneficial to increase the portal flow through arterialization of the portal vein. Materials and methods: Fifteen pigs underwent large-for-size liver transplants. They were divided into two groups: control (CTRL 6 animals - conventional technique) and arterialization - a shunt was established between the portal vein and the splenic artery (ART 9 animals). Hemodynamic, biochemical, histological, and molecular variables were compared. Results: Arterialization resulted in a significant increase in portal vein pressure but no changes in other hemodynamic variables, as shown in the analysis of variance. It was observed lower ALT values (p = 0.007), with no differences regarding the values of blood pH and lactate (p = 0.54 and p = 0.699 respectively) or histological variables (edema, steatosis, inflammation, necrosis, and IRI - p = 1.0, p = 0.943, p = 0.174, p = 0.832, p = 0.662, respectively). The molecular studies showed significantly increased expression of IL6 after 3 hours of reperfusion (p = 0.048) and decreased expression of ICAM immediately after reperfusion (p = 0.03). The regression analysis suggested a positive influence of portal flow and pressure on biochemical parameters. Conclusion: Arterialization of the portal vein showed no histological, biochemical, or molecular benefits in large-for-size transplantation.
  • article 3 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Gastroschisis and late-onset neonatal sepsis in a tertiary referral center in Southeastern Brazil
    (2022) BIGIO, Juliana Zoboli Del; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; FALCAO, Mario Cicero; CARVALHO, Werther Brunow de; MATSUSHITA, Felipe Yu
    Objectives: To analyze late-onset sepsis and to describe the etiological agents in newborns with gastroschisis. Methods: A retrospective cohort, including newborns with gastroschisis whose admissions occurred in the period between January 2012 to December 2018 in a tertiary referral center. Maternal and newborn characteristics, surgical procedures and evolution in hospitalization were verified. A bivariate analysis was performed with patients with proven late-onset neonatal sepsis and according to the simple or complex gastroschisis category, the prevalent microorganisms in positive cultures were identified, statistical tests were carried out and the significance level adopted was p < 0,05. Results are presented in proportions, averages and standard deviation or medians. The level of significance adopted was p < 0.05. Results: 101 newborns were analyzed, 45 (44.5%) were confirmed late-onset sepsis. The median birth weight was 2285+498 grams, and the gestational age was 35.9 +1.74weeks. The incidence of complex gastroschisis was 17.8%, the hospitalization time was 48.2+29.67 days and mortality was 9.9%. The newborns were divided into 2 groups: Group 1: late-onset sepsis (44.6%), and Group 2: no late-onset sepsis. The presence of complex gastroschisis was a factor associated with infection (p < 0.009). Fasting time (p < 0.001), parenteral nutrition time (p < 0.001), time to achieve full diet (p < 0.001), and hospitalization stay (p < 0.001) were higher in group 2. Gram-positive were the most frequent (51.1%), followed by Gram-negative (20%), and fungi (4.4%). Conclusions: Newborns with gastroschisis have a higher risk of evolving with late-onset sepsis, despite this study did not calculate the risk of sepsis statistically, and the main germs detected by cultures were gram-positive bacteria, specifically Staphylococcus epidermidis. (C) 2021 Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Cardiac autonomic modulation in children with severe liver disease, before and after liver transplantation
    (2022) SALATINI, Renata; AMARAL, Joice; RAIMUNDO, Rodrigo Daminello; ROCHA, Fernando; ABREU, Luiz Carlos de; MORAIS, Mauro; TANNURI, Uenis; TANNURI, Ana Cristina
    Background: The cardiovascular system is directly influenced by the autonomic nervous system (ANS); its changes affect heart rate variability (HRV) and are sensitive indicators of physiological changes. Autonomic dysfunction (AD) is manifested in up to 60% of patients with cirrhosis. Therefore, we aim to analyze the indexes of HRV pre- and post-surgery of children submitted for liver transplantation (LT). Methods: HRV, in children of both genders from 6 months of age to 10 years, that attended at the pediatric surgery clinic in the queue for LT at the Children's Institute were analyzed. To access HRV we analyzed indexes such as standard deviation of the RR intervals (SDNN), root-mean-square of the successive normal sinus RR interval difference (RMSSD), low frequency (LF), high frequency (NF), and LF/HF. Results: The analysis of the behavior of cardiac autonomic modulation, in the period prior to LT and after surgery, showed an increase in HRV linear parameters SDNN, TINN (triangular interpolation of NN interval histogram), HFms(2). In the time domain, there was also an increase in the HFms(2) index. Conclusions: The analysis of the period preceding LT and two months after surgery showed an increase in the HRV linear parameters representing a global HRV improvement. In the time domain, there was also an increase in the HFms(2) index, parasympathetic tone of the HRV.
  • article 6 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Impact of Three Methods of Ischemic Preconditioning on Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in a Pig Model of Liver Transplantation
    (2022) BELON, Alessandro Rodrigo; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; MOREIRA, Daniel de Albuquerque Rangel; FIGUEIREDO, Jose Luiz; SILVA, Alessandra Matheus da; SERAFINI, Suellen; GUIMARAES, Raimundo Renato; FARIA, Caroline Silverio; ALEXANDRE, Alcione Sanches de; GONCALVES, Josiane Oliveira; PAES, Vitor Ribeiro; TANNURI, Uenis
    Background Ischemic preconditioning (IPC), either direct (DIPC) or remote (RIPC), is a procedure aimed at reducing the harmful effects of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Objectives To assess the local and systemic effects of DIPC, RIPC, and both combined, in the pig liver transplant model. Materials and methods Twenty-four pigs underwent orthotopic liver transplantation and were divided into 4 groups: control, direct donor preconditioning, indirect preconditioning at the recipient, and direct donor with indirect recipient preconditioning. The recorded parameters were: donor and recipient weight, graft-to-recipient weight ratio (GRWR), surgery time, warm and cold ischemia time, and intraoperative hemodynamic values. Blood samples were collected before native liver removal (BL) and at 0 h, 1 h, 3 h, 6 h, 12 h, 18 h, and 24 h post-reperfusion for the biochemical tests: aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), creatinine, BUN (blood urea nitrogen), lactate, total and direct bilirubin. Histopathological examination of liver, gut, kidney, and lung fragments were performed, as well as molecular analyses for expression of the apoptosis-related BAX (pro-apoptotic) and Bcl-XL (anti-apoptotic) genes, eNOS (endothelial nitric oxide synthase) gene, and IL-6 gene related to inflammatory ischemia-reperfusion injury, using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results There were no differences between the groups regarding biochemical and histopathological parameters. We found a reduced ratio between the expression of the BAX gene and Bcl-XL in the livers of animals with IPC versus the control group. Conclusions DIPC, RIPC or a combination of both, produce beneficial effects at the molecular level without biochemical or histological changes.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Adaptation Processes of the Remaining Jejunum or Ileum after Extensive Intestinal Resection
    (2022) MUSSOLINO, Affonso Flavio Jorge; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; GONCALVES, Josiane de Oliveira; SERAFINI, Suellen; TANNURI, Uenis
    Purpose To compare the adaptation processes of the remaining jejunum or ileum after extensive intestinal resection in a growing animal model. Materials and Methods Forty 21-day old rats were divided into four groups: JG: remaining jejunum group - ileal enterectomy; IG: ileum remaining group - jejunum enterectomy; SHAM: sham-operated group - open-and-close laparotomy; and NO: non-operated animals. Results After 3 weeks, JG and IG animals had decreased weights comparing to SHAM and NO animals (p = 0.017 and p = 0.005, respectively). The histomorphometric analysis showed that in JG animals the villi were higher than in SHAM, NO, and IG animals (p = 0.007, p = 0.008, and p = 0.01), the depth of crypts in JG and IG animals was greater than in NO and SHAM animals (p = 0.03, p = 0.002, and p = 0.003 respectively), and muscle layer thickness of the jejunum of JG animals had values greater than SHAM and NO animals (p = 0.01 and p = 0.02, respectively). The Ki-67 expression in the ileum was higher in comparison with the jejunum (p = 0.014). The pro-apoptotic gene (Bax) expression was decreased in JG animals compared to IG, SHAM, and NO animals (p = 0.013, p = 0.024, and p = 0.021). The anti-apoptotic gene (Bcl-XL) expression was decreased in JG animals in comparison to IG and NO animals (p = 0.002 and p = 0.046) although it was increased in the colon of IG animals in comparison to JG, SHAM, and NO animals (p = 0.002, p = 0.001, and p = 0.001, respectively). The Bax/Bcl-XL ratio was higher in JG than in IG animals (p = 0.011). Conclusion Adaptive responses seemed to be more effective in the ileum than in the jejunum.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    GROWTH ANALYSIS OF PRETERM NEWBORNS WITH GASTROSCHISIS DURING HOSPITALIZATION IN A NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT
    (2021) BIGIO, Juliana Zoboli Del; FALCÃO, Mário Cícero; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun
    ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Gastroschisis, especially complex type, prematurity and low birth weight are associated with a worse clinical outcome with higher mortality, higher incidence of sepsis and catheter-related infection, cholestasis, short bowel syndrome, greater number of days to achieve full diet, longer time of parenteral nutrition and longer hospitalization time. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the growth of preterm newborns with gastroschisis during their hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit. METHODS: Descriptive study, based on a retrospective cohort (January 2012 to December 2018), including preterm newborns (gestational age less than 37 weeks) with simple and complex gastroschisis admitted in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. The following parameters were analyzed: maternal age, parity, type of delivery, birth weight, gender, gestational age, nutritional adequacy, type of gastroschisis, fasting time, parenteral nutrition time, time until achieving full enteral nutrition, hospitalization time, weight gain and outcome. The results were expressed in percentage, average, and median. RESULTS: A total of 101 newborns with gastroschisis were admitted, of which 59.4% were premature (80.7% of late preterm infants). From the maternal data, the mean age was 21.2 years and 68.3% were primiparous. Regarding childbirth: 80% were cesarean sections. From newborns: the average birth weight was 2137 g, 56.6% were female, the average gestational age was 34.8 weeks, the average weight gain was 20.8 g/day during hospitalization and 83.3% were discharged from the hospital. CONCLUSION: The growth analysis by weight gain (grams/day) during hospitalization in the intensive care unit showed that more than 90% of the sample presented acceptable or adequate weight gain.