Índice h a partir de 2011
Projetos de Pesquisa
Unidades Organizacionais
Instituto Central, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina
LIM/03 - Laboratório de Medicina Laboratorial, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina

Resultados de Busca

Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 19
  • article 12 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Candida blankii: an emergent opportunistic yeast with reduced susceptibility to antifungals
    (2018) ALMEIDA JR., Joao Nobrega de; CAMPOS, Silvia V.; THOMAZ, Danilo Y.; THOMAZ, Luciana; ALMEIDA, Renato K. G. de; NEGRO, Gilda M. B. del; GIMENES, Viviane F.; GRENFELL, Rafaella C.; MOTTA, Adriana L.; ROSSI, Flavia; BENARD, Gil
  • article 32 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Rapid identification of moulds and arthroconidial yeasts from positive blood cultures by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry
    (2016) ALMEIDA JR., Joao N. de; SZTAJNBOK, Jaques; SILVA JUNIOR, Afonso Rafael da; VIEIRA, Vinicius Adriano; GALASTRI, Anne Layze; BISSOLI, Leandro; LITVINOV, Nadia; NEGRO, Gilda Maria Barbaro Del; MOTTA, Adriana Lopes; ROSSI, Flavia; BENARD, Gil
    Moulds and arthroconidial yeasts are potential life-threatening agents of fungemia in immunocompromised patients. Fast and accurate identification (ID) of these pathogens hastens initiation of targeted antifungal therapy, thereby improving the patients' prognosis. We describe a new strategy that enabled the identification of moulds and arthroconidial yeasts directly from positive blood cultures by MALDI-TOFmass spectrometry (MS). Positive blood cultures (BCs) with Gram staining showing hyphae and/or arthroconidia were prospectively selected and submitted to an in-house protein extraction protocol. Mass spectra were obtained by Vitek MS (TM) system, and identifications were carried out with in the research use only (RUO) mode with an extended database (SARAMIS (TM) [v.4.12] plus in-house database). Fusarium solani, Fusarium verticillioides, Exophiala dermatitidis, Saprochaete clavata, and Trichosporon asahii had correct species ID by MALDI-TOF MS analysis of positive BCs. All cases were related to critically ill patients with high mortality fungemia and direct ID from positive BCs was helpful for rapid administration of targeted antifungal therapy.
  • article 22 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    First report of a clinical isolate of Candida haemulonii in Brazil
    (2012) ALMEIDA JR., Joao Nobrega de; MOTTA, Adriana Lopes; ROSSI, Flavia; ABDALA, Edson; PIERROTTI, Ligia Camera; KONO, Adriana Satie Goncalves; DIZ, Maria Del Pilar Estevez; BENARD, Gil; NEGRO, Gilda Maria Barbaro Del
  • article 8 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Lomentospora prolificans fungemia in hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients: First report in South America and literature review
    (2018) PENTEADO, Fernando D.; LITVINOV, Nadia; SZTAJNBOK, Jaques; THOMAZ, Danilo Y.; SANTOS, Antonio M. dos; VASCONCELOS, Dewton M.; MOTTA, Adriana L.; ROSSI, Flavia; FERNANDES, Juliana F.; MARQUES, Heloisa Helena S.; BENARD, Gil; ALMEIDA JR., Joao N. de
    Lomentospora prolificans is a filamentous fungus and an emerging pathogen in immunocompromised patients. It is encountered most commonly in Australia, Spain, and USA. We described the first case of Lomentospora prolificans fungemia in South America. The patient was a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipient who developed the infection 37days after stem cells infusion. In addition, we performed a literature review of invasive lomentosporiosis in HSCT patients.
  • article 5 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Trichosporon inkin as an Emergent Pathogen in Patients With Severe Pemphigus
    (2015) ALMEIDA JUNIOR, Joao Nobrega de; OLIVEIRA, Renata Buccheri de; DUARTE, Amaro; MOTTA, Adriana Lopes; ROSSI, Flavia; FIGUEIREDO, Dulce Sachiko Yamamoto de; NEGRO, Gilda Maria Barbaro Del; AOKI, Valeria; MARUTA, Celina Wakisaka; SANTI, Claudia Giuli; BENARD, Gil
    IMPORTANCE To our knowledge, these are the first reports of bloodstream infections by Trichosporon inkin in patients with pemphigus. OBSERVATIONS Trichosporon inkin, a novel organism causing bloodstream infection, was detected in 2 patients with pemphigus. An elderly man with pemphigus foliaceus died despite treatment with liposomal amphotericin B, 3mg/kg/d, and a young girl with pemphigus vulgaris responded to treatment with voriconazole, 8mg/kg/d, for 24 days. One of the T inkin isolates had a minimal inhibitory concentration of 2mg/L against amphotericin B, suggesting resistance to the drug. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Delayed suspicion of invasive infection by T inkin may result in a poor outcome in patients with severe forms of pemphigus. This opportunistic infection is highly refractory to conventional potent antifungal treatment.
  • article 30 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Usefulness of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation-time-of-flight mass spectrometry for identifying clinical Trichosporon isolates
    Trichosporon spp. have recently emerged as significant human pathogens. Identification of these species is important, both for epidemiological purposes and for therapeutic management, but conventional identification based on biochemical traits is hindered by the lack of updates to the species databases provided by the different commercial systems. In this study, 93 strains, or isolates, belonging to 16 Trichosporon species were subjected to both molecular identification using IGS1 gene sequencing and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation-time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) analysis. Our results confirmed the limits of biochemical systems for identifying Trichosporon species, because only 27 (36%) of the isolates were correctly identified using them. Different protein extraction procedures were evaluated, revealing that incubation for 30 min with 70% formic acid yields the spectra with the highest scores. Among the six different reference spectra databases that were tested, a specific one composed of 18 reference strains plus seven clinical isolates allowed the correct identification of 67 of the 68 clinical isolates (98.5%). Although until recently it has been less widely applied to the basidiomycetous fungi, MALDI-TOF appears to be a valuable tool for identifying clinical Trichosporon isolates at the species level.
  • article 21 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Multilocus Sequence Typing of Candida tropicalis Shows the Presence of Different Clonal Clusters and Fluconazole Susceptibility Profiles in Sequential Isolates from Candidemia Patients in Sao Paulo, Brazil
    (2013) MAGRI, Marcello Mihailenko Chaves; GOMES-GOUVEA, Michele Soares; FREITAS, Vera Lucia Teixeira de; MOTTA, Adriana Lopes; MORETTI, Maria Luiza; SHIKANAI-YASUDA, Maria Aparecida
    The profiles of 61 Candida tropicalis isolates from 43 patients (28 adults and 15 children) diagnosed with candidemia at two teaching hospitals in Sao Paulo, Brazil, were characterized by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). For the 14 patients who had bloodstream infections, 32 isolates were serially collected from their blood and/or catheters. Thirty-nine diploid sequence types (DSTs) were differentiated. According to the C. tropicalis MLST database (, 36 DSTs and 23 genotypes identified from the 61 isolates had not previously been described. This report represents the first study to characterize sequential isolates of C. tropicalis from candidemia cases in South America. Microvariation in a single gene was found in the sequential isolates from 7 patients. The main polymorphisms occurred in the alleles of the XYR1 gene, specifically at nucleotide positions 215, 242, and 344. Macrovariation in six gene fragments was detected in the isolates from 3 patients. eBURST analysis added two new groups to this study (groups 6 and 18). Additionally, susceptibility tests indicate that 3 isolates were resistant to fluconazole. No correlation was found between the DSTs and susceptibility to fluconazole and/or selective antifungal pressure. Two patients were sequentially infected with resistant and susceptible strains. MLST is an important tool for studying the genetic diversity of multiple/sequential isolates of patients with candidemia, allowing the comparison of our data with those from other regions of the world, as well as allowing an analysis of the genetic relationship among several clones in sequential isolates from the same or different candidemia patient sites (blood or catheter).
  • article 44 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Candida haemulonii Complex Species, Brazil, January 2010-March 2015
    (2016) ALMEIDA JR., Joao Nobrega de; ASSY, Joao Guilherme Pontes Lima; LEVIN, Anna S.; NEGRO, Gilda M. B. Del; GIUDICE, Mauro C.; TRINGONI, Marcela Pullice; THOMAZ, Danilo Yamamoto; MOTTA, Adriana Lopes; ABDALA, Edson; PIERROTI, Ligia Camara; STRABELLI, Tania; MUNHOZ, Ana Lucia; ROSSI, Flavia; BENARD, Gil
  • article 6 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Evaluation of VITEK 2 for discriminating Trichosporon species: misidentification of Trichosporon non-T. asahii
    (2014) FIGUEIREDO, Dulce Sachiko Yamamoto de; ALMEIDA JR., Joao Nobreg de; MOTTA, Adriana Lopes; SILVA, Dulcilena Mattos Castro e; SZESZS, Maria Walderez; NEGRO, Gilda Maria Barbaro Del
    The VITEK 2 system was evaluated for the identification of 74 Trichosporon invasive and non-invasive clinical isolates, comparing its results with the IGS1 sequencing. The system correctly identified Trichosporon asahii but not non-T. asahii isolates, which represented nearly 50% of the invasive infections in our nosocomial setting.
  • article 31 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    A Brazilian Inter-Hospital Candidemia Outbreak Caused by Fluconazole-Resistant Candida parapsilosis in the COVID-19 Era
    (2022) THOMAZ, Danilo Y.; NEGRO, Gilda M. B. Del; RIBEIRO, Leidiane B.; SILVA, Mirian da; CARVALHO, Gabrielle O. M. H.; CAMARGO, Carlos H.; ALMEIDA, Joao N. de; MOTTA, Adriana L.; SICILIANO, Rinaldo F.; SEJAS, Odeli N. E.; ROSSI, Flavia; ABDALA, Edson; STRABELLI, Tania M. V.; BENARD, Gil
    Horizontal transmission of fluconazole-resistant Candida parapsilosis (FRCP) through healthcare workers' hands has contributed to the occurrence of candidemia outbreaks worldwide. Since the first COVID-19 case in Brazil was detected in early 2020, hospitals have reinforced hand hygiene and disinfection practices to minimize SARS-CoV-2 contamination. However, a Brazilian cardiology center, which shares ICU patients with a cancer center under a FRCP outbreak since 2019, reported an increased FRCP candidemia incidence in May 2020. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate an inter-hospital candidemia outbreak caused by FRCP isolates during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. C. parapsilosis bloodstream isolates obtained from the cancer (n = 35) and cardiology (n = 30) centers in 2020 were submitted to microsatellite genotyping and fluconazole susceptibility testing. The ERG11 gene of all isolates from the cardiology center was sequenced and compared to the corresponding sequences of the FRCP genotype responsible for the cancer center outbreak in 2019. Unprecedentedly, most of the FRCP isolates from the cardiology center presented the same genetic profile and Erg11-Y132F mutation detected in the strain that has been causing the persistent outbreak in the cancer center, highlighting the uninterrupted horizontal transmission of clonal isolates in our hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic.