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LIM/52 - Laboratório de Virologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina

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Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 99
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  • article 8 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Viremia and viruria of trichodysplasia spinulosa-associated polyomavirus before the development of clinical disease in a kidney transplant recipient
    (2019) PIERROTTI, Ligia Camera; URBANO, Paulo Roberto Palma; NALI, Luiz Henrique da Silva; ROMANO, Camila Malta; BICALHO, Camila da Silva; ARNONE, Marcelo; VALENTE, Neusa Sakai; PANNUTI, Claudio Sergio; DAVID-NETO, Elias; AZEVEDO, Luiz Sergio
    Trichodysplasia spinulosa (TS) is a rare disease associated with immunosuppression and induced by a polyomavirus denominated Tricodisplasia Polyomavirus (TSPyV). We report a case of TS 6 months after kidney transplantation in a 65 years-old woman under immunosuppression therapy with prednisone, mycophenolate and tacrolimus. The patient developed follicular papules on the face with a thickening of the skin and alopecia of the eyebrows, leading to distortion of the face and a leonine appearance characteristic of the disease. The skin biopsy confirmed the clinical diagnosis and the presence of TSPyV DNA in the skin was detected. Staining for SV40 was positive. Immunosuppression was changed: mycophenolate was withdrawn, tacrolimus reduced and everolimus added. Intravenous cidofovir and later on leflunomide were added. Although the literature has reported clinical success with topical cidofovir, we were unable to use it because this drug is not available. There was an improvement of skin lesions and on cosmetic appearance. The patient had three rejections (one clinically diagnosed and two other biopsy proven), progressed with renal failure and graft loss. Retrospective analysis of stored urine and blood samples detected TSPyV DNA in some of those samples two months before the TS clinical development. This case highlights the TSPyV detection in blood and urine samples before the development of skin lesions.
  • article 64 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Microbial Translocation Is Associated with Extensive Immune Activation in Dengue Virus Infected Patients with Severe Disease
    (2013) WEG, Cornelia A. M. van de; PANNUTI, Claudio S.; ARAUJO, Evaldo S. A. de; HAM, Henk-Jan van den; ANDEWEG, Arno C.; BOAS, Lucy S. V.; FELIX, Alvina C.; CARVALHO, Karina I.; MATOS, Andreia M. de; LEVI, Jose E.; ROMANO, Camila M.; CENTRONE, Cristiane C.; RODRIGUES, Celia L. de Lima; LUNA, Expedito; GORP, Eric C. M. van; OSTERHAUS, Albert D. M. E.; MARTINA, Byron E. E.; KALLAS, Esper G.
    Background: Severe dengue virus (DENV) disease is associated with extensive immune activation, characterized by a cytokine storm. Previously, elevated lipopolysaccharide (LPS) levels in dengue were found to correlate with clinical disease severity. In the present cross-sectional study we identified markers of microbial translocation and immune activation, which are associated with severe manifestations of DENV infection. Methods: Serum samples from DENV-infected patients were collected during the outbreak in 2010 in the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Levels of LPS, lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP), soluble CD14 (sCD14) and IgM and IgG endotoxin core antibodies were determined by ELISA. Thirty cytokines were quantified using a multiplex luminex system. Patients were classified according to the 2009 WHO classification and the occurrence of plasma leakage/shock and hemorrhage. Moreover, a (non-supervised) cluster analysis based on the expression of the quantified cytokines was applied to identify groups of patients with similar cytokine profiles. Markers of microbial translocation were linked to groups with similar clinical disease severity and clusters with similar cytokine profiles. Results: Cluster analysis indicated that LPS levels were significantly increased in patients with a profound pro-inflammatory cytokine profile. LBP and sCD14 showed significantly increased levels in patients with severe disease in the clinical classification and in patients with severe inflammation in the cluster analysis. With both the clinical classification and the cluster analysis, levels of IL-6, IL-8, sIL-2R, MCP-1, RANTES, HGF, G-CSF and EGF were associated with severe disease. Conclusions: The present study provides evidence that both microbial translocation and extensive immune activation occur during severe DENV infection and may play an important role in the pathogenesis.
  • article 37 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Dynamics of Hepatitis D (delta) virus genotype 3 in the Amazon region of South America
    (2011) ALVARADO-MORA, Monica Viviana; ROMANO, Camila Malta; GOMES-GOUVEA, Michele Soares; GUTIERREZ, Maria Fernanda; CARRILHO, Flair Jose; PINHO, Joao Renato Rebello
    Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is widely distributed and associated with fulminant hepatitis epidemics in areas with high prevalence of HBV. Several studies performed in the 1980s showed data on HDV infection in South America, but there are no studies on the viral dynamics of this virus. The aim of this study was to conduct an evolutionary analysis of hepatitis delta genotype 3 (HDV/3) prevalent in South America: estimate its nucleotide substitution rate, determine the time of most recent ancestor (TMRCA) and characterize the epidemic history and evolutionary dynamics. Furthermore, we characterized the presence of HBV/HDV infection in seven samples collected from patients who died due to fulminant hepatitis from Amazon region in Colombia and included them in the evolutionary analysis. This is the first study reporting HBV and HDV sequences from the Amazon region of Colombia. Of the seven Colombian patients, five were positive for HBV-DNA and HDV-RNA. Of them, two samples were successfully sequenced for HBV (subgenotypes F3 and Fib) and the five samples HDV positive were classified as HDV/3. By using all HDV/3 available reference sequences with sampling dates (n = 36), we estimated the HDV/3 substitution rate in 1.07 x 10(-3) substitutions per site per year (s/s/y), which resulted in a time to the most recent common ancestor (TMRCA) of 85 years. Also, it was determined that HDV/3 spread exponentially from early 1950s to the 1970s in South America. This work discusses for the first time the viral dynamics for the HDV/3 circulating in South America. We suggest that the measures implemented to control HBV transmission resulted in the control of HDV/3 spreading in South America, especially after the important raise in this infection associated with a huge mortality during the 1950s up to the 1970s. The differences found among HDV/3 and the other HDV genotypes concerning its diversity raises the hypothesis of a different origin and/or a different transmission route.
  • article 53 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Glytube: A Conical Tube and Parafilm M-Based Method as a Simplified Device to Artificially Blood-Feed the Dengue Vector Mosquito, Aedes aegypti
    (2013) COSTA-DA-SILVA, Andre Luis; NAVARRETE, Flavia Rosa; SALVADOR, Felipe Scassi; KARINA-COSTA, Maria; IOSHINO, Rafaella Sayuri; AZEVEDO, Diego Soares; ROCHA, Desiree Rafaela; ROMANO, Camila Malta; CAPURRO, Margareth Lara
    Aedes aegypti, the main vector of dengue virus, requires a blood meal to produce eggs. Although live animals are still the main blood source for laboratory colonies, many artificial feeders are available. These feeders are also the best method for experimental oral infection of Ae. aegypti with Dengue viruses. However, most of them are expensive or laborious to construct. Based on principle of Rutledge-type feeder, a conventional conical tube, glycerol and Parafilm-M were used to develop a simple in-house feeder device. The blood feeding efficiency of this apparatus was compared to a live blood source, mice, and no significant differences (p = 0.1189) were observed between artificial-fed (51.3% of engorgement) and mice-fed groups (40.6%). Thus, an easy to assemble and cost-effective artificial feeder, designated ""Glytube"" was developed in this report. This simple and efficient feeding device can be built with common laboratory materials for research on Ae. aegypti.
  • article 3 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Reemergence of mumps in Sao Paulo, Brazil - the urgent need for booster shot campaign to prevent a serious infectious disease
    (2017) URBANO, Paulo Roberto; FUJITA, Dennis Minoru; ROMANO, Camila Malta
    Introduction: Neglected infectious diseases like mumps may be opportunistic in controlled areas with low vaccine coverage, particularly in developed and emerging countries. Methods: A retrospective analysis of mumps-related data from 2001 to 2016 for Sao Paulo State, Brazil was conducted. Results: From 2014 to 2015, there was an increase of 82% in reported mumps cases in Sao Paulo, with prevalence of n=49 and 297, respectively in young adults aged 15-29 years. Conclusions: A booster-shot campaign on MMR vaccination is recommended to prevent the spread of mumps in unvaccinated children and recipients of only the first dose.
  • article 9 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Understanding Sabia virus infections (Brazilian mammarenavirus)
    (2022) NASTRI, Ana Catharina; DUARTE-NETO, Amaro Nunes; CASADIO, Luciana Vilas Boas; SOUZA, William Marciel de; CLARO, Ingra M.; MANULI, Erika R.; SELEGATTO, Gloria; SALOMA, Matias C.; FIALKOVITZ, Gabriel; TABORDA, Mariane; ALMEIDA, Bianca Leal de; MAGRI, Marcello C.; GUEDES, Ana Rubia; NETO, Laura Vieira Perdigao; SATAKI, Fatima Mitie; GUIMARAES, Thais; MENDES-CORREA, Maria Cassia; TOZETTO-MENDOZA, Tania R.; FUMAGALLI, Marcilio Jorge; HO, Yeh-Li; SILVA, Camila ALves Maia da; COLETTI, Thais M.; JESUS, Jacqueline Goes de; ROMANO, Camila M.; HILL, Sarah C.; PYBUS, Oliver; PINHO, Joao Renato Rebello; LEDESMA, Felipe Lourenco; CASAL, Yuri R.; KANAMURA, Cristina; ARAUJO, Leonardo Jose Tadeu de; FERREIRA, Camila Santos da Silva; GUERRA, Juliana Mariotti; FIGUEIREDO, Luiz Tadeu Moraes; DOLHNIKOFF, Marisa; FARIA, Nuno R.; SABINO, Ester C.; AVANCINI, Venacio; ALVES, Ferreira; LEVIN, Anna S.
    Background: Only two naturally occurring human Sabi ' a virus (SABV) infections have been reported, and those occurred over 20 years ago. Methods: We diagnosed two new cases of SABV infection using metagenomics in patients thought to have severe yellow fever and described new features of histopathological findings. Results: We characterized clinical manifestations, histopathology and analyzed possible nosocomial transmission. Patients presented with hepatitis, bleeding, neurological alterations and died. We traced twenty-nine hospital contacts and evaluated them clinically and by RT-PCR and neutralizing antibodies. Autopsies uncovered unique features on electron microscopy, such as hepatocyte ""pinewood knot"" lesions. Although previous reports with similar New-World arenavirus had nosocomial transmission, our data did not find any case in contact tracing. Conclusions: Although an apparent by rare, Brazilian mammarenavirus infection is an etiology for acute hemorrhagic fever syndrome. The two fatal cases had peculiar histopathological findings not previously described. The virological diagnosis was possible only by contemporary techniques such as metagenomic assays. We found no subsequent infections when we used serological and molecular tests to evaluate close contacts.
  • article 17 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    One-step protocol for amplification of near full-length cDNA of the rabies virus genome
    (2011) CAMPOS, Angelica Cristine de Almeida; MELO, Fernando Lucas; ROMANO, Camila Malta; ARAUJO, Danielle Bastos; CUNHA, Elenice Maria Sequetin; SACRAMENTO, Debora Regina Veiga; ZANOTTO, Paolo Marinho de Andrade; DURIGON, Edison Luiz; FAVORETTO, Silvana Regina
    Full-length genome sequencing of the rabies virus is not a routine laboratory procedure. To understand fully the epidemiology, genetic variation and evolution of the rabies virus, full-length viral genomes need to be obtained. For rabies virus studies, cDNA synthesis is usually performed using nonspecific oligonucleotides followed by cloning. When specific primers are used, the cDNA obtained is only partial and is limited to the coding regions. Therefore, the development of methods for synthesizing long cDNA using rabies virus-specific primers is of fundamental importance. A new protocol for the synthesis of long cDNA and the development of 19 new primers are described in this study. This procedure allowed the efficient amplification of the full-length genome of the rabies virus variant maintained by hematophagous bat (Desmodus rotundus) populations following the synthesis of a complete long cDNA. Partial sequencing of the rabies virus genome was performed to confirm rabies-specific PCR amplification. Because degenerate primers were employed, this technique can be adapted easily to other variants. Importantly, this new method is faster and less expensive than cloning methods. Crown
  • article 3 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Detection of Reticuloendotheliosis Virus in Muscovy Ducks, Wild Turkeys, and Chickens in Brazil
    (2020) CALEIRO, Giovana S.; NUNES, Cristina F.; URBANO, Paulo R.; KIRCHGATTER, Karin; ARAUJO, Jansen de; DURIGON, Edison Luiz; THOMAZELLI, Luciano M.; STEWART, Brittany M.; EDWARDS, Dustin C.; ROMANO, Camila M.
    Reticuloendotheliosis viruses (REVs) are known to cause immunosuppressive and oncogenic disease that affects numerous avian species. Reticuloendotheliosis viruses are present worldwide and recently have been reported in South America with cases of infected commercial flocks in Argentina. We surveyed for the presence of REV in birds from a state in the northern region of Brazil using real-time PCR. We report here the presence of REV in Brazil, detected in Muscovy Ducks (Cairina moschata), Wild Turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo), and chickens (Gallus gallus) at a relatively high prevalence (16.8%). Phylogenetic analysis indicated a close relationship of these strains to variants in the US. This study provides evidence of REV in the Amazon biome and provides a baseline for future surveillance of the virus in the region and throughout Brazil.
  • article 8 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Influence of demographics on clinical outcome of dengue: a cross-sectional study of 6703 confirmed cases in Vitoria, Espirito Santo State, Brazil
    Dengue presents a wide clinical spectrum of signs and symptoms, with characteristics of the host potentially influencing the disease evolution. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of gender and age on dengue clinical outcomes in a recent outbreak situation in Brazil, applying a cross-sectional design and including 6703 dengue cases with laboratory confirmation, occurring in Vitoria, Espirito Santo State, Brazil, between 2007 and 2013. Data were obtained from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases. Overall, 113% of the sample presented with severe dengue, which affected 130% of males, 100% of females, 88% of children, 125% of adolescents, 105% of adults and 155% of the elderly. Age was higher in the severe dengue group (P = 003). Severe dengue was associated with males and the elderly (P < 001); however, considering only severe cases, children presented haemorrhage and plasma leakage more frequently than older age groups. The results emphasize the importance of a differentiated protocol for management of dengue cases, taking into consideration host factors like age. These findings also suggest the elderly and children as priority groups for immunization in a future implementation of a vaccine.