(Fonte: Lattes)
Índice h a partir de 2011
Projetos de Pesquisa
Unidades Organizacionais
Instituto Central, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina - Médico
LIM/03 - Laboratório de Medicina Laboratorial, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina

Resultados de Busca

Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 117
  • article 12 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Candida blankii: an emergent opportunistic yeast with reduced susceptibility to antifungals
    (2018) ALMEIDA JR., Joao Nobrega de; CAMPOS, Silvia V.; THOMAZ, Danilo Y.; THOMAZ, Luciana; ALMEIDA, Renato K. G. de; NEGRO, Gilda M. B. del; GIMENES, Viviane F.; GRENFELL, Rafaella C.; MOTTA, Adriana L.; ROSSI, Flavia; BENARD, Gil
  • article 32 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Rapid identification of moulds and arthroconidial yeasts from positive blood cultures by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry
    (2016) ALMEIDA JR., Joao N. de; SZTAJNBOK, Jaques; SILVA JUNIOR, Afonso Rafael da; VIEIRA, Vinicius Adriano; GALASTRI, Anne Layze; BISSOLI, Leandro; LITVINOV, Nadia; NEGRO, Gilda Maria Barbaro Del; MOTTA, Adriana Lopes; ROSSI, Flavia; BENARD, Gil
    Moulds and arthroconidial yeasts are potential life-threatening agents of fungemia in immunocompromised patients. Fast and accurate identification (ID) of these pathogens hastens initiation of targeted antifungal therapy, thereby improving the patients' prognosis. We describe a new strategy that enabled the identification of moulds and arthroconidial yeasts directly from positive blood cultures by MALDI-TOFmass spectrometry (MS). Positive blood cultures (BCs) with Gram staining showing hyphae and/or arthroconidia were prospectively selected and submitted to an in-house protein extraction protocol. Mass spectra were obtained by Vitek MS (TM) system, and identifications were carried out with in the research use only (RUO) mode with an extended database (SARAMIS (TM) [v.4.12] plus in-house database). Fusarium solani, Fusarium verticillioides, Exophiala dermatitidis, Saprochaete clavata, and Trichosporon asahii had correct species ID by MALDI-TOF MS analysis of positive BCs. All cases were related to critically ill patients with high mortality fungemia and direct ID from positive BCs was helpful for rapid administration of targeted antifungal therapy.
  • article 22 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    First report of a clinical isolate of Candida haemulonii in Brazil
    (2012) ALMEIDA JR., Joao Nobrega de; MOTTA, Adriana Lopes; ROSSI, Flavia; ABDALA, Edson; PIERROTTI, Ligia Camera; KONO, Adriana Satie Goncalves; DIZ, Maria Del Pilar Estevez; BENARD, Gil; NEGRO, Gilda Maria Barbaro Del
  • article 13 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Bordetella trematum infection: case report and review of previous cases
    (2019) CASTRO, Thais Regina y; MARTINS, Roberta Cristina Ruedas; FORNO, Nara Lucia Frasson Dal; SANTANA, Luciana; ROSSI, Flavia; SCHWARZBOLD, Alexandre Vargas; COSTA, Silvia Figueiredo; TRINDADE, Priscila de Arruda
    BackgroundBordetella trematum is an infrequent Gram-negative coccobacillus, with a reservoir, pathogenesis, a life cycle and a virulence level which has been poorly elucidated and understood. Related information is scarce due to the low frequency of isolates, so it is important to add data to the literature about this microorganism.Case presentationWe report a case of a 74-year-old female, who was referred to the hospital, presenting with ulcer and necrosis in both legs. Therapy with piperacillin-tazobactam was started and peripheral artery revascularization was performed. During the surgery, a tissue fragment was collected, where Bordetella trematum, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, and Enterococcus faecalis were isolated. After surgery, the intubated patient was transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU), using vasoactive drugs through a central venous catheter. Piperacillin-tazobactam was replaced by meropenem, with vancomycin prescribed for 14days. Four days later, levofloxacin was added for 24days, aiming at the isolation of S. maltophilia from the ulcer tissue. The necrotic ulcers evolved without further complications, and the patient's clinical condition improved, leading to temporary withdrawal of vasoactive drugs and extubation. Ultimately, however, the patient's general condition worsened, and she died 58days after hospital admission.ConclusionsDespite being a rare finding, B. trematum is typically associated with the clinical manifestation of disorders that predispose to ulcer development, which can be infected by microorganisms. The combination of antibiotic therapy and surgical debridement plays a key role in preventing systemic infections. Monitoring the appearance of new cases of B. trematum is essential, since it can be an emerging microorganism. Isolating and defining the clinical relevance of unusual bacteria yields a more accurate perspective in the development of new diagnostic tools and allows for assessment of proper antimicrobial therapy.
  • article 8 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Lomentospora prolificans fungemia in hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients: First report in South America and literature review
    (2018) PENTEADO, Fernando D.; LITVINOV, Nadia; SZTAJNBOK, Jaques; THOMAZ, Danilo Y.; SANTOS, Antonio M. dos; VASCONCELOS, Dewton M.; MOTTA, Adriana L.; ROSSI, Flavia; FERNANDES, Juliana F.; MARQUES, Heloisa Helena S.; BENARD, Gil; ALMEIDA JR., Joao N. de
    Lomentospora prolificans is a filamentous fungus and an emerging pathogen in immunocompromised patients. It is encountered most commonly in Australia, Spain, and USA. We described the first case of Lomentospora prolificans fungemia in South America. The patient was a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipient who developed the infection 37days after stem cells infusion. In addition, we performed a literature review of invasive lomentosporiosis in HSCT patients.
  • article 5 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Trichosporon inkin as an Emergent Pathogen in Patients With Severe Pemphigus
    (2015) ALMEIDA JUNIOR, Joao Nobrega de; OLIVEIRA, Renata Buccheri de; DUARTE, Amaro; MOTTA, Adriana Lopes; ROSSI, Flavia; FIGUEIREDO, Dulce Sachiko Yamamoto de; NEGRO, Gilda Maria Barbaro Del; AOKI, Valeria; MARUTA, Celina Wakisaka; SANTI, Claudia Giuli; BENARD, Gil
    IMPORTANCE To our knowledge, these are the first reports of bloodstream infections by Trichosporon inkin in patients with pemphigus. OBSERVATIONS Trichosporon inkin, a novel organism causing bloodstream infection, was detected in 2 patients with pemphigus. An elderly man with pemphigus foliaceus died despite treatment with liposomal amphotericin B, 3mg/kg/d, and a young girl with pemphigus vulgaris responded to treatment with voriconazole, 8mg/kg/d, for 24 days. One of the T inkin isolates had a minimal inhibitory concentration of 2mg/L against amphotericin B, suggesting resistance to the drug. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Delayed suspicion of invasive infection by T inkin may result in a poor outcome in patients with severe forms of pemphigus. This opportunistic infection is highly refractory to conventional potent antifungal treatment.
  • article 30 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Usefulness of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation-time-of-flight mass spectrometry for identifying clinical Trichosporon isolates
    Trichosporon spp. have recently emerged as significant human pathogens. Identification of these species is important, both for epidemiological purposes and for therapeutic management, but conventional identification based on biochemical traits is hindered by the lack of updates to the species databases provided by the different commercial systems. In this study, 93 strains, or isolates, belonging to 16 Trichosporon species were subjected to both molecular identification using IGS1 gene sequencing and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation-time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) analysis. Our results confirmed the limits of biochemical systems for identifying Trichosporon species, because only 27 (36%) of the isolates were correctly identified using them. Different protein extraction procedures were evaluated, revealing that incubation for 30 min with 70% formic acid yields the spectra with the highest scores. Among the six different reference spectra databases that were tested, a specific one composed of 18 reference strains plus seven clinical isolates allowed the correct identification of 67 of the 68 clinical isolates (98.5%). Although until recently it has been less widely applied to the basidiomycetous fungi, MALDI-TOF appears to be a valuable tool for identifying clinical Trichosporon isolates at the species level.
  • article 6 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Critical points and potential pitfalls of outbreak of IMP-1-producing carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa among kidney transplant recipients: a case-control study
    Background: Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) infection after kidney transplantation (KT) is associated with high mortality. Aim: To analyse an outbreak of infection/colonization with IMP-1-producing CRPA on a KT ward. Methods: A case-control study was conducted. Cases were identified through routine surveillance culture and real-time polymerase chain reaction for carbapenemase performed directly from rectal swab samples. Controls were randomly selected from patients hospitalized on the same ward during the same period, at a ratio of 3:1. Strain clonality was analysed through pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and whole-genome sequencing was performed for additional strain characterization. Findings: CRPA was identified in 37 patients, in 51.4% through surveillance cultures and in 49.6% through clinical cultures. The median persistence of culture positivity was 42.5 days. Thirteen patients (35.1%) presented a total of 15 infections, of which seven (46.7%) were in the urinary tract; among those, 30-day mortality rate was 46.2%. PFGE analysis showed that all of the strains shared the same pulsotype. Multilocus sequence typing analysis identified the sequence type as ST446. Risk factors for CRPA acquisition were hospital stay >10 days, retransplantation, urological surgical reintervention after KT, use of carbapenem or ciprofloxacin in the last three months and low median lymphocyte count in the last three months.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Chronic medical conditions associated with invasive pneumococcal diseases in inpatients in teaching hospitals in Sao Paulo city: Estimating antimicrobial susceptibility and serotype-coverage of pneumococcal vaccines
    (2023) KFOURI, Renato A.; BRANDILEONE, Maria-Cristina C.; SAFADI, Marco Aurelio P.; RICHTMANN, Rosana; GILIO, Alfredo E.; ROSSI, Flavia; GUIMARAES, Thais; BIERRENBACH, Ana Luiza; MORAES, Jose C.; IPD, Sao Paulo Study Grp I. P. D. Sa Paulo Study Grp
    Background: Chronic conditions increase the risk of invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPD). Pneumococcal vaccination remarkably reduced IPD morbimortality in vulnerable popula-tions. In Brazil, pneumococcal vaccines are included in the National Immunization Pro-gram (PNI): PCV10 for < 2 years-old, and PPV23 for high risk-patients aged >= 2 years and institutionalized >= 60 years. PCV13 is available in private clinics and recommended in the PNI for individuals with certain underlying conditions. Methods: A retrospective study was performed using clinical data from all inpatients from five hospitals with IPD from 2016 to 2018 and the corresponding data on serotype and antimicro-bial-non-susceptibility of pneumococcus. Vaccine-serotype-coverage was estimated. Patients were classified according to presence of comorbidities: healthy, without comorbidities; at-risk, included immunocompetent persons with specific medical conditions; high-risk, with immu-nocompromising conditions and others Results: 406 IPD cases were evaluated. Among 324 cases with information on medical condi-tions, children < 5 years were mostly healthy (55.9%), while presence of comorbidity pre-vailed in adults >= 18 years old (> 82.0%). Presence of >= 1 risk condition was reported in >= 34.8% of adults. High-risk conditions were more frequent than at-risk in all age groups. Among high-risk comorbidity (n = 211), cancer (28%), HIV/AIDS (25.7%) and hematological dis-eases (24.5%) were the most frequent. Among at-risk conditions (n = 89), asthma (16.5%) and diabetes (8.1%) were the most frequent. Among 404 isolates, 42.9% belonged to five serotypes: 19A (14.1%), 3 (8.7%), 6C (7.7%), 4 and 8 (6.2% each); 19A and 6C expressed antimicrobial-non -susceptibility. The vaccine-serotype-coverage was: PCV10, 19.1%, PCV13, 43.8%; PCV15, 47.8%; PCV20, 62.9%; PCV21, 65.8%, and PPV23, 67.3%. Information on hospital outcome was available for 283 patients, of which 28.6% died. Mortality was 54.2% for those with meningitis. Conclusion: Vaccine with expanded valence of serotypes is necessary to offer broad preven-tion to IPD. The present data contribute to pneumococcal vaccination public health policies for vulnerable patients, mainly those with comorbidity and the elderly. (c) 2023 Sociedade Brasileira de Infectologia.
  • article 51 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    High prevalence of OXA-143 and alteration of outer membrane proteins in carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter spp. isolates in Brazil
    (2012) MOSTACHIO, Anna Karina; LEVIN, Anna Sara; RIZEK, Camila; ROSSI, Flavia; ZERBINI, Jessika; COSTA, Silvia Figueiredo
    Carbapenem resistance amongst Acinetobacter spp. has been increasing in the last decade. This study evaluated the outer membrane protein (OMP) profile and production of carbapenemases in 50 carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter spp. isolates from bloodstream infections. Isolates were identified by API20NE. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for carbapenems were determined by broth microdilution. Carbapenemases were studied by phenotypic tests, detection of their encoding gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification, and imipenem hydrolysis. Nucleotide sequencing confirming the enzyme gene type was performed using MegaBACE 1000. The presence of OMPs was studied by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and PCR. Molecular typing was performed using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). All isolates were resistant to carbapenems. Moreover, 98% of the isolates were positive for the gene encoding the enzyme OXA-51-like, 18% were positive for OXA-23-like (only one isolate did not show the presence of the insertion sequence ISAba1 adjacent to this gene) and 76% were positive for OXA-143 enzyme. Five isolates (10%) showed the presence of the IMP-1 gene. Imipenem hydrolysing activity was detected in only three strains containing carbapenemase genes, comprising two isolates containing the bla(IMP) gene and one containing the bla(OXA-51/OXA-23-like) gene. The OMP of 43 kDa was altered in 17 of 25 strains studied, and this alteration was associated with a high meropenem MIC (256 mu g/mL) in 5 of 7 strains without 43 kDa OMP. On the other hand, decreased OMP 33-36 kDa was found in five strains. The high prevalence of OXA-143 and alteration of OMPs might have been associated with a high level of carbapenem resistance.