(Fonte: Lattes)
Índice h a partir de 2011
Projetos de Pesquisa
Unidades Organizacionais
Departamento de Clínica Médica, Faculdade de Medicina - Docente
Instituto Central, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina
LIM/66, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina - Líder

Resultados de Busca

Agora exibindo 1 - 10 de 263
  • conferenceObject
    Fog ahead: delirium and post-discharge cognitive impairment in severe COVID-19.
  • article 27 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Prevalence of transactive response DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) proteinopathy in cognitively normal older adults: systematic review and meta-analysis
    ObjectiveTo perform a systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence of transactive response DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) proteinopathy in cognitively normal older adults. MethodsWe systematically reviewed and performed a meta-analysis on the prevalence of TDP-43 proteinopathy in older adults with normal cognition, evaluated by the Mini-Mental State Examination or the Clinical Dementia Rating. We estimated the overall prevalence of TDP-43 using random-effect models, and stratified by age, sex, sample size, study quality, antibody used to assess TDP-43 aggregates, analysed brain regions, Braak stage, Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease score, hippocampal sclerosis and geographic location. ResultsA total of 505 articles were identified in the systematic review, and 7 were included in the meta-analysis with 1196 cognitively normal older adults. We found an overall prevalence of TDP-43 proteinopathy of 24%. Prevalence of TDP-43 proteinopathy varied widely across geographic location (North America: 37%, Asia: 29%, Europe: 14%, and Latin America: 11%). Estimated prevalence of TDP-43 proteinopathy also varied according to study quality (quality score >7: 22% vs. quality score <7: 42%), antibody used to assess TDP-43 proteinopathy (native: 18% vs. hyperphosphorylated: 24%) and presence of hippocampal sclerosis (without 24% vs. with hippocampal sclerosis: 48%). Other stratified analyses by age, sex, analysed brain regions, sample size and severity of AD neuropathology showed similar pooled TDP-43 prevalence. ConclusionsDifferent methodology to access TDP-43, and also differences in lifestyle and genetic factors across different populations could explain our results. Standardization of TDP-43 measurement, and future studies about the impact of genetic and lifestyle characteristics on the development of neurodegenerative diseases are needed.
  • bookPart
    (2012) JACOB FILHO, Wilson
  • article 48 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Reliability, Validity, and Ability to Identity Fall Status of the Berg Balance Scale, Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest), Mini-BESTest, and Brief-BESTest in Older Adults Who Live in Nursing Homes
    (2019) VIVEIRO, Larissa Alamino Pereira; GOMES, Gisele Cristine Vieira; BACHA, Jessica Maria Ribeiro; CARVAS JUNIOR, Nelson; KALLAS, Marina Esteves; REIS, Muriel; JACOB FILHO, Wilson; POMPEU, Jose Eduardo
    Background and Purpose: In any given year, 28% to 35% of older adults experience falls. In nursing home environments, the annual rate of falls increases to 30% to 50%. Our objective was to verify and compare the reliability, validity, and ability to identify falls of the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest), Mini-BESTest, and Brief-BESTest for older adults who live in nursing homes. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Older adults (n = 49; aged 62-90 years; mean = 77.8; standard deviation = 7.2) were recruited from a nonprofit nursing home. All participants were assessed by 2 physiotherapists using the BBS, BESTest, Mini-BESTest, and Brief-BESTest. The interrater and test-retest (7-14 days) reliability were assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs [2, 1]). Minimal detectable changes at the 95% confidence level were established. To analyze each test's ability to identify fall status, we used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, whose statistical significance we verified using the area under the ROC curve (AUC) and respective 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The diagnostic likelihood ratios (positive and negative) and 95% CI were used to verify posttest probability. We used Fagan's nomogram to show the posttest probability of each balance test. Validity was assessed using kappa coefficients and the prevalence-adjusted bias-adjusted kappa (PABAK). Results: Interrater and test-retest reliability for the total scores were good to excellent across all 4 tests (ICC interrater value = 0.992-0.994 and ICC test-retest value = 0.886-0.945). All tests were also able to identify fall status (AUC = 0.712-0.762) and were in good agreement with each other (kappa coefficient for individuals with fall risk = 0.679-0.957 and individuals with no fall risk = 0.135-0.143; PABAK = 83.7%-98%). Conclusion: All balance tests presented similar reliability, reproducibility, and validity. This suggests that any of these tests can be used in clinical practice. However, the Brief-BESTest is the quickest and easiest test to perform.
  • bookPart
    Decisão terapêutica baseada em comorbidades e funcionalidade
    (2017) JACOB-FILHO, Wilson; JúNIOR, Luiz Antonio Gil
  • article 31 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Low brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels in post-mortem brains of older adults with depression and dementia in a large clinicopathological sample
    (2018) NUNES, Paula Villela; NASCIMENTO, Camila Fernandes; KIM, Helena Kyunghee; ANDREAZZA, Ana Cristina; BRENTANI, Helena Paula; SUEMOTO, Claudia Kimie; LEITE, Renata Elaine Paraizo; FERRETTI-REBUSTINI, Renata Eloah de Lucena; PASQUALUCCI, Carlos Augusto; NITRINI, Ricardo; GRINBERG, Lea Tenenholz; YONG, Lionel Trevor; JACOB-FILHO, Wilson; LAFER, Beny
    Background: Disturbances in peripheral brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have been reported in major depressive disorder (MDD). However, there are no studies measuring BDNF levels directly in post-mortem brains of older subjects with MDD and dementia. We aimed to verify if brain BDNF levels were lower in older adults with lifetime history of MDD with and without dementia. Methods: BDNF levels of post-mortem brains from 80 community-dwelling older individuals with lifetime MDD with and without dementia were compared with levels from 80 controls without lifetime MDD. Participants with no reliable close informant, or with prolonged agonal state were excluded. Lifetime MDD was defined as at least one previous episode according to the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID). Results: BDNF levels were lower in the MDD group with dementia than in participants with dementia and without MDD as confirmed by multivariate analysis adjusted for clinical and cardiovascular risk factors (beta = - 0.106, 95%CI = - 0.204; - 0.009, p = 0.034). No difference was found in the group with MDD without dementia compared with their controls. Limitations: The retrospective assessment of a lifetime history of depression may be subject to information bias and this study only establishes a cross-sectional association between lifetime history of MDD and lower levels of BDNF in patients with dementia. Conclusions: In this community sample of older individuals, lower brain BDNF levels were found in cases with both lifetime MDD and dementia. Low BDNF levels could be a moderator to accelerated brain aging observed in MDD with dementia.
  • conferenceObject
    Comparative analysis of formulas for estimation of glomerular filtration rates among hospitalized older adults.
  • article 5 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Clinical and laboratory characteristics associated with referral of hospitalized elderly to palliative care
    (2018) ARCANJO, Suelen Pereira; SAPORETTI, Luis Alberto; CURIATI, Jose Antonio Esper; JACOB-FILHO, Wilson; AVELINO-SILVA, Thiago Junqueira
    Objective: To investigate clinical and laboratory characteristics associated with referral of acutely ill older adults to exclusive palliative care. Methods: A retrospective cohort study based on 572 admissions of acutely ill patients aged 60 years or over to a university hospital located in Sao Paulo, Brazil, from 2009 to 2013. The primary outcome was the clinical indication for exclusive palliative care. Comprehensive geriatric assessments were used to measure target predictors, such as sociodemographic, clinical, cognitive, functional and laboratory data. Stepwise logistic regression was used to identify independent predictors of palliative care. Results: Exclusive palliative care was indicated in 152 (27%) cases. In the palliative care group, in-hospital mortality and 12 month cumulative mortality amounted to 50% and 66%, respectively. Major conditions prompting referral to palliative care were advanced dementia (45%), cancer (38%), congestive heart failure (25%), stage IV and V renal dysfunction (24%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (8%) and cirrhosis (4%). Major complications observed in the palliative care group included delirium (p<0.001), infections (p<0.001) and pressure ulcers (p<0.001). Following multivariate analysis, male sex (OR=2.12; 95% CI: 1.32-3.40), cancer (OR=7.36; 95% CI: 4.26-13.03), advanced dementia (OR=12.6; 95% CI: 7.5-21.2), and albumin levels (OR=0.25; 95% CI: 0.17-0.38) were identified as independent predictors of referral to exclusive palliative care. Conclusion: Advanced dementia and cancer were the major clinical conditions associated with referral of hospitalized older adults to exclusive palliative care. High short-term mortality suggests prognosis should be better assessed and discussed with patients and families in primary care settings.
  • article 46 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy Presenting as Alzheimer's Disease in a Retired Soccer Player
    (2016) GRINBERG, Lea T.; ANGHINAH, Renato; NASCIMENTO, Camila Fernandes; AMARO JR., Edson; LEITE, Renata P.; MARTIN, Maria da Graca M.; NASLAVSKY, Michel S.; TAKADA, Leonel T.; JACOB FILHO, Wilson; PASQUALUCCI, Carlos A.; NITRINI, Ricardo
    The relationship between soccer and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is not well established. We report clinicopathological correlations in an 83-year-old retired center-back soccer player, with no history of concussion, manifesting typical Alzheimer-type dementia. Examination revealed mixed pathology including widespread CTE, moderate Alzheimer's disease, hippocampal sclerosis, and TDP-43 proteinopathy. This case adds to a few CTE cases described in soccer players. Furthermore, it corroborates that CTE may present clinically as typical Alzheimer-type dementia. Further studies investigating the extent to which soccer is a risk for CTE are needed.
  • article 82 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Comprehensive geriatric assessment predicts mortality and adverse outcomes in hospitalized older adults
    (2014) AVELINO-SILVA, Thiago J.; FARFEL, Jose M.; CURIATI, Jose A. E.; AMARAL, Jose R. G.; CAMPORA, Flavia; JACOB-FILHO, Wilson
    Background: Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) provides detailed information on clinical, functional and cognitive aspects of older patients and is especially useful for assessing frail individuals. Although a large proportion of hospitalized older adults demonstrate a high level of complexity, CGA was not developed specifically for this setting. Our aim was to evaluate the application of a CGA model for the clinical characterization and prognostic prediction of hospitalized older adults. Methods: This was a prospective observational study including 746 patients aged 60 years and over who were admitted to a geriatric ward of a university hospital between January 2009 and December 2011, in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The proposed CGA was applied to evaluate all patients at admission. The primary outcome was in-hospital death, and the secondary outcomes were delirium, nosocomial infections, functional decline and length of stay. Multivariate binary logistic regression was performed to assess independent factors associated with these outcomes, including socio-demographic, clinical, functional, cognitive, and laboratory variables. Impairment in ten CGA components was particularly investigated: polypharmacy, activities of daily living (ADL) dependency, instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) dependency, depression, dementia, delirium, urinary incontinence, falls, malnutrition, and poor social support. Results: The studied patients were mostly women (67.4%), and the mean age was 80.5 +/- 7.9 years. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed the following independent factors associated with in-hospital death: IADL dependency (OR= 4.02; CI= 1.52-10.58; p= .005); ADL dependency (OR= 2.39; CI= 1.25-4.56; p= .008); malnutrition (OR= 2.80; CI= 1.63-4.83; p< .001); poor social support (OR= 5.42; CI= 2.93-11.36; p< .001); acute kidney injury (OR= 3.05; CI= 1.78-5.27; p< .001); and the presence of pressure ulcers (OR= 2.29; CI= 1.04-5.07; p= .041). ADL dependency was independently associated with both delirium incidence and nosocomial infections (respectively: OR= 3.78; CI= 2.30-6.20; p< .001 and OR= 2.30; CI= 1.49-3.49; p< .001). The number of impaired CGA components was also found to be associated with in-hospital death (p< .001), delirium incidence (p< .001) and nosocomial infections (p= .005). Additionally, IADL dependency, malnutrition and history of falls predicted longer hospitalizations. There were no significant changes in overall functional status during the hospital stay. Conclusions: CGA identified patients at higher risk of in-hospital death and adverse outcomes, of which those with functional dependence, malnutrition and poor social support were foremost.