Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/31867
Title: Carcinoid Heart Disease and Decreased Overall Survival among Patients with Neuroendocrine Tumors: A Retrospective Multicenter Latin American Cohort Study
Authors: UEMA, DeiseALVES, CarolinaMESQUITA, MarcellaNUNEZ, Jose EduardoSIEPMANN, TimoANGEL, MartinREGO, Juliana F. M.WESCHENFELDER, RuiROCHA FILHO, Duilio R.COSTA, Frederico P.BARROS, MiltonO'CONNOR, Juan M.ILLIGENS, Ben M.RIECHELMANN, Rachel P.
Citation: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, v.8, n.3, article ID 405, 11p, 2019
Abstract: The background to this study was that factors associated with carcinoid heart disease (CHD) and its impacts on overall survival (OS) are scantly investigated in patients (pts) with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). In terms of materials and methods, a retrospective multicenter cohort study was conducted of factors associated with CHD in advanced NET pts with carcinoid syndrome (CS) and/or elevated urinary 5-hidroxyindole acetic acid (u5HIAA). CHD was defined as at least moderate right valve alterations. The results were the following: Among the 139 subjects included, the majority had a midgut NET (54.2%), 81.3% had CS, and 93% received somatostatin analogues. In a median follow-up of 39 months, 48 (34.5%) pts developed CHD, with a higher frequency in pts treated in public (77.2%) versus private settings (22.9%). In a multivariate logistic regression, unknown primary or colorectal NETs (Odds Ratio (OR) 4.35; p = 0.002), at least 50% liver involvement (OR 3.45; p = 0.005), and being treated in public settings (OR 4.76; p = 0.001) were associated with CHD. In a Cox multivariate regression, bone metastases (Hazard Ratio {HR} 2.8; p = 0.031), CHD (HR 2.63; p = 0.038), and a resection of the primary tumor (HR 0.33; p = 0.026) influenced the risk of death. The conclusions were the following: The incidence of CHD was higher in pts with a high hepatic tumor burden and in those treated in a public system. Delayed diagnosis and limited access to effective therapies negatively affected the lives of NET patients.
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