LIM/38 - Laboratório de Epidemiologia e Imunobiologia

O Laboratório de Epidemiologia e Imunobiologia é ligado ao Departamento de Medicina Preventiva da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP).

Linhas de pesquisa: epidemiologia das neoplasias; epidemiologia da AIDS e outras doenças transmissíveis; imunopatogenia de leishmanioses; métodos diagnósticos e alternativas terapêuticas das doenças negligenciadas; coinfecção HIV/leishmania.

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Recent Submissions

  1. Social inequality in food consumption between 2008 and 2019 in Brazil

    PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION, v.25, n.2, p.214-224, 2022

    Objective: To analyse the trend of social inequality in food consumption among Brazilians from 2008 to 2019. Design: Time series analyses using cross-sectional annual data from the Telephone Surveillance System (VIGITEL 2008-2019). Food consumption was evaluated through: (1) consumption of five o...

  2. Urinary metabolic biomarkers of diet quality in European children are associated with metabolic health

    ELIFE, v.11, article ID e71332, 20p, 2022

    Urinary metabolic profiling is a promising powerful tool to reflect dietary intake and can help understand metabolic alterations in response to diet quality. Here, we used H-1 NMR spectroscopy in a multicountry study in European children (1147 children from 6 different cohorts) and identified a c...

  3. Using Natural Language Processing and Artificial Intelligence to Explore the Nutrition and Sustainability of Recipes and Food

    FRONTIERS IN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, v.3, article ID 621577, 8p, 2021

    In this paper, we discuss the use of natural language processing and artificial intelligence to analyze nutritional and sustainability aspects of recipes and food. We present the state-of-the-art and some use cases, followed by a discussion of challenges. Our perspective on addressing these is th...

  4. Ultra-processed food intake and diet carbon and water footprints: a national study in Brazil

    REVISTA DE SAUDE PUBLICA, v.56, article ID 6, 9p, 2022

    OBJECTIVE: To study the association between ultra-processed food consumption and carbon and water footprints of the Brazilian diet. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis on data collected in 2008-2009 on a probabilistic sample of the Brazilian population aged 10 years (n = 32,886). Individual food in...

  5. Access to colposcopy in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil: probabilistic linkage study of administrative data

    CADERNOS DE SAUDE PUBLICA, v.38, n.1, article ID e00304820, 11p, 2022

    Cervical cancer screening is a multistage process, therefore access to both the primary test and subsequent diagnostic procedures is essential. Considering women undergoing screening on the public health system in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil, we aimed to estimate the proportion of women access...

  6. HIV risk perceptions and post-exposure prophylaxis among men who have sex with men in five Brazilian cities

    CIENCIA & SAUDE COLETIVA, v.26, n.11, p.5739-5749, 2021

    In the current context of the HIV epi-demic, multiple prevention strategies including biomedical interventions have been presented as alternatives for vulnerable groups. This study investigated homosexuals' and bisexuals' percep-tions of the risk of HIV infection and their expe-riences of using H...

  7. Factors Associated with the Costs of Palliative Care: A Retrospective Cost Analysis at a University Cancer Hospital in Brazil

    JOURNAL OF PALLIATIVE MEDICINE, v.24, n.10, p.1481-1488, 2021

    Background: There have been few studies evaluating the costs of palliative care (PC) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), especially for patients with cancer. Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify the sociodemographic and clinical variables that could explain the cost pe...

  8. miR-548d-3p Is Up-Regulated in Human Visceral Leishmaniasis and Suppresses Parasite Growth in Macrophages


    Visceral leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum in Latin America progress with hepatosplenomegaly, pancytopenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, and weight loss and maybe lethal mainly in untreated cases. miRNAs are important regulators of immune and inflammatory gene expression, but th...

  9. Availability and consumption of ultra-processed foods in schools in the municipality of Sao Paulo, Brazil: results of the SP-Proso

    CADERNOS DE SAUDE PUBLICA, v.37, suppl.1, article ID e00162920, 14p, 2021

    Ultra-processed foods are markers of unhealthy eating patterns, and their consumption is high among adolescents. Characteristics of the school eating environment associate with student eating practices. This study aims to investigate the association between the presence of school canteens and the...

  10. The body in old age and its relationships with falls from the narrative of elderlies

    CIENCIA & SAUDE COLETIVA, v.26, n.11, p.5681-5690, 2021

    The purpose of this research was to investigate the body in old age and its relationships with falls. It was based on the assumption that the body is a historical, social and cultural construction, and that the idea of old age has been replaced by the idea of third age. Falls are considered a com...