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Title: Airway Growth in Preoperative Patients with Crouzon Syndrome
Authors: LU, XiaonaFORTE, Antonio JorgePARK, Kitae EricALLAM, OmarSMETONA, JohnALPEROVICH, MichaelSTEINBACHER, Derek M.TONELLO, CristianoALONSO, NivaldoPERSING, John A.
Citation: FACIAL PLASTIC SURGERY & AESTHETIC MEDICINE, v.23, n.3, p.191-197, 2021
Abstract: Background: Obstructive sleep apnea is common in patients with Crouzon syndrome, yet it may be caused by multiple factors. This study aims to investigate the natural history of airway development in preoperative Crouzon patients, from infants to adults. Methods: Preoperative computed tomography (CT) scans (Crouzon syndrome, n = 73; control, n = 87) were divided into five age subgroups. CT scans were measured using Materialise software. Results: Before 6 months of age, nasal airway volume in patients with Crouzon syndrome was smaller than normal by 37% (p = 0.002), and the cross-sectional area at the choana reduced by 45% (p < 0.001). The reduction of nasal airway volume and cross-sectional area reached their nadir at 2 years of age, with shortening of 44% and 63% (both p < 0.001), respectively. They gradually caught up to normal dimensions after 6 years of age. Between 2 and 6 years, the pharyngeal airway in patients with Crouzon syndrome reduced 44% (p = 0.011) compared with controls. However, the airway cross-sectional area at condylion and gonion levels was less than normal, before 6 months (35%, p = 0.024) and (44%, p = 0.006) after 2 years of age, respectively. This reduction remains into adulthood. Conclusion: Nasal airway volume is more limited in children with Crouzon syndrome who are younger than 2 years of age. Whereas after 2 years of age, the pharyngeal airway develops significant volume restriction, leading to timing and specific treatment area foci based on the site of temporal maximal constriction.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCG
Departamento de Cirurgia - FM/MCG

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/04
LIM/04 - Laboratório de Microcirurgia

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