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Title: Clinical, functional and inflammatory evaluation in asthmatic patients after a simple short-term educational program: a randomized trial
Authors: FELIX, Soraia NogueiraAGONDI, Rosana CamaraAUN, Marcelo VivoloOLIVO, Clarice RosaALMEIDA, Francine Maria deAMORIM, Thais SantosCEZARIO, Julia CarolineGIAVINA-BIANCHI, PedroTIBERIO, Iolanda de Fatima Lopes CalvoMARTINS, Milton de Arruda deROMANHOLO, Beatriz Mangueira Saraiva
Citation: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.11, n.1, article ID 18267, 14p, 2021
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical evolution, functional parameters and inflammatory activity of asthma in patients who submitted to an educational intervention. 58 adult patients over 18 years of age with partly controlled and uncontrolled asthma were randomized into an intervention group (IG) (N = 32) and a control group (CG) (N = 26) and evaluated for 12 weeks. The Asthma Control Test (ACT), Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ), Asthma Quality Life Questionnaire (AQLQ) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) questionnaires were applied. Spirometry, exhaled nitric oxide (NO), exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and induced sputum (IS), measurement of the peak flow and symptoms were performed. The IG patients received an educational activity for 30 min applied by a nurse. Statistical analysis: analysis of variance with repeated intragroup measures. IG presented a decreased number of eosinophils in IS and IL-17A in EBC, an increase in the percentage of FEV1 before and after bronchodilator and an improvement in quality of life compared to the CG. There was an improvement in depression levels and a decrease in IL-4 and IL-5 in the IS and in the EBC in both groups. Our results suggest that an educational intervention can bring benefits concerning the control of inflammation, lung function alterations, quality of life and levels of depression in asthmatic patients. Registration:; NCT03655392.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCM
Departamento de Clínica Médica - FM/MCM

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/19
LIM/19 - Laboratório de Histocompatibilidade e Imunidade Celular

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/20
LIM/20 - Laboratório de Terapêutica Experimental

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/60
LIM/60 - Laboratório de Imunologia Clínica e Alergia

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - ODS/03
ODS/03 - Saúde e bem-estar

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