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Title: Dyslipidaemia in juvenile dermatomyositis: the role of disease activity
Citation: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RHEUMATOLOGY, v.31, n.4, p.638-644, 2013
Abstract: Objective To evaluate the presence of dyslipidaemia in JDM and its possible risk factors. Methods Twenty-five JDM patients were compared to 25 healthy controls according to demographic data, body composition, fasting lipoproteins, glycaemia, insulin, antibodies and muscle enzymes. JDM scores were assessed: CMAS, MMT, DAS, MYOACT and MYTAX. Results Abnormal lipid profile was found in nine patients and four controls (36% vs. 16%, p=0.196). TDM patients demonstrated significant higher levels of triglycerides (TG) [80(31-340) vs. 61(19-182) mgldL, p=0.011 j and higher frequency of abnormal levels of high density lipoproteins (HDL) (28% vs. 4%, p=0.04) when compared to controls. JDM patients with dyslipidaemia demonstrated significant lower median of HDL levels 129(0-49) vs. 50(39-72) mgldL, p=0.0005, higher frequency of low HDL levels (77% vs. 0%, p=0.0001),.higher TG levels [128(31-340) vs. 69(46-138) mgldL, p=0.011), and also a higher frequency of increased levels of TG (44% vs. 0%, p=0.01), and TC (33% vs. 0%, p=0.03) when compared to those without this condition. Positive anti-LPL antibody was detected in just one JDM patient with abnormal lipid profile. JDM with dyslipidaemia had higher ESR (26 vs. I 4.5mmllsthour, p=0.006), CRP (2.1 vs. 0.4mgldL, p=0.01), DAS (6 vs. 2, p=0.008), MYOACT(0.13 vs. 0.01, p=0.012), MYTAX(0.06vs.0,p=0.018), and lower scores of CMAS (47 vs. 52, p=0.024) and MMT (78 vs. 80, p=0.001) compared to JDM without dyslipidaemia. Positive correlations were detected between TG levels and CRP (7-.19.697, p=0.001), DAS (r-0.610, p=0.001), MYOACT (r=0.661, p=0.001),114YTAX (r-0.511, p=0.008), and negative correlations with CMAS (r=-0.506, p=0.009) and MMT (r=-0.535, p=0.005). No differences were found between these groups regarding body composition, lipodystrophy, anti-LPL antibodies, and treatment except by higher frequency of cyclosporine current use in patients with dys.lipidaemia (33% vs. 0%, p=0.03). Conclusions Dyslipidaemia in JDM patients was characterised by increased levels of TG and low levels of HDL. Disease activity and cyclosporine use were the mainly factors associated to these abnormalities.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - FM/MCM
Departamento de Clínica Médica - FM/MCM

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICr
Instituto da Criança - HC/ICr

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/17
LIM/17 - Laboratório de Investigação em Reumatologia

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/36
LIM/36 - Laboratório de Pediatria Clínica

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