Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/46

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A coleção de Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas engloba artigos originais, artigos de revisão, artigos de atualização, artigos técnicos, relatos de experiências, resenhas, ensaios, editoriais, cartas ao editor, debates, notas científicas e técnicas, depoimentos, entrevistas e pontos de vista. Consideram-se como artigos científicos originais os trabalhos redigidos para divulgação de informações e resultados sobre determinada pesquisa científica, publicados em periódico científico após avaliação por outros pesquisadores.

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  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Data-driven, cross-disciplinary collaboration: lessons learned at the largest academic health center in Latin America during the COVID-19 pandemic
    (2024) RITTO, Ana Paula; ARAUJO, Adriana Ladeira de; CARVALHO, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro de; SOUZA, Heraldo Possolo De; FAVARETTO, Patricia Manga e Silva; SABOYA, Vivian Renata Boldrim; GARCIA, Michelle Louvaes; KULIKOWSKI, Leslie Domenici; KALLAS, Esper Georges; PEREIRA, Antonio Jose Rodrigues; COBELLO JUNIOR, Vilson; SILVA, Katia Regina; ABDALLA, Eidi Raquel Franco; SEGURADO, Aluisio Augusto Cotrim; SABINO, Ester Cerdeira; RIBEIRO JUNIOR, Ulysses; FRANCISCO, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira; MIETHKE-MORAIS, Anna; LEVIN, Anna Sara Shafferman; SAWAMURA, Marcio Valente Yamada; FERREIRA, Juliana Carvalho; SILVA, Clovis Artur; MAUAD, Thais; GOUVEIA, Nelson da Cruz; LETAIF, Leila Suemi Harima; BEGO, Marco Antonio; BATTISTELLA, Linamara Rizzo; DUARTE, Alberto Jose da Silva; SEELAENDER, Marilia Cerqueira Leite; MARCHINI, Julio; FORLENZA, Orestes Vicente; ROCHA, Vanderson Geraldo; MENDES-CORREA, Maria Cassia; COSTA, Silvia Figueiredo; CERRI, Giovanni Guido; BONFA, Eloisa Silva Dutra de Oliveira; CHAMMAS, Roger; BARROS FILHO, Tarcisio Eloy Pessoa de; BUSATTO FILHO, Geraldo
    Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted global research efforts to reduce infection impact, highlighting the potential of cross-disciplinary collaboration to enhance research quality and efficiency.Methods At the FMUSP-HC academic health system, we implemented innovative flow management routines for collecting, organizing and analyzing demographic data, COVID-related data and biological materials from over 4,500 patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection hospitalized from 2020 to 2022. This strategy was mainly planned in three areas: organizing a database with data from the hospitalizations; setting-up a multidisciplinary taskforce to conduct follow-up assessments after discharge; and organizing a biobank. Additionally, a COVID-19 curated collection was created within the institutional digital library of academic papers to map the research output.Results Over the course of the experience, the possible benefits and challenges of this type of research support approach were identified and discussed, leading to a set of recommended strategies to enhance collaboration within the research institution. Demographic and clinical data from COVID-19 hospitalizations were compiled in a database including adults and a minority of children and adolescents with laboratory confirmed COVID-19, covering 2020-2022, with approximately 350 fields per patient. To date, this database has been used in 16 published studies. Additionally, we assessed 700 adults 6 to 11 months after hospitalization through comprehensive, multidisciplinary in-person evaluations; this database, comprising around 2000 fields per subject, was used in 15 publications. Furthermore, thousands of blood samples collected during the acute phase and follow-up assessments remain stored for future investigations. To date, more than 3,700 aliquots have been used in ongoing research investigating various aspects of COVID-19. Lastly, the mapping of the overall research output revealed that between 2020 and 2022 our academic system produced 1,394 scientific articles on COVID-19.Discussion Research is a crucial component of an effective epidemic response, and the preparation process should include a well-defined plan for organizing and sharing resources. The initiatives described in the present paper were successful in our aim to foster large-scale research in our institution. Although a single model may not be appropriate for all contexts, cross-disciplinary collaboration and open data sharing should make health research systems more efficient to generate the best evidence.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Thinking out of the box: revisiting health surveillance based on medical records
    (2023) SAMPAIO, V. S.; LOPES, R.; OZAHATA, M. C.; NAKAYA, H. I.; SOUSA, E.; ARAúJO, J. D.; BRAGATTE, M. A. S.; BRITO, A. F.; GRESPAN, R. M. Z.; CAPUANI, M. L. D.; DOMINGUES, H. H.; PELLINI, A. C. G.; MATEOS, S. D. O. G.; CONDE, M. T. R. P.; LEAL, F. Eudes; SABINO, E.; SIMãO, M.; KALIL, J.
    Despite the considerable advances in the last years, the health information systems for health surveillance still need to overcome some critical issues so that epidemic detection can be performed in real time. For instance, despite the efforts of the Brazilian Ministry of Health (MoH) to make COVID-19 data available during the pandemic, delays due to data entry and data availability posed an additional threat to disease monitoring. Here, we propose a complementary approach by using electronic medical records (EMRs) data collected in real time to generate a system to enable insights from the local health surveillance system personnel. As a proof of concept, we assessed data from São Caetano do Sul City (SCS), São Paulo, Brazil. We used the fever term as a sentinel event. Regular expression techniques were applied to detect febrile diseases. Other specific terms such as malaria, dengue, Zika, or any infectious disease were included in the dictionary and mapped to fever. Additionally, after tokenizing, we assessed the frequencies of most mentioned terms when fever was also mentioned in the patient complaint. The findings allowed us to detect the overlapping outbreaks of both COVID-19 Omicron BA.1 subvariant and Influenza A virus, which were confirmed by our team by analyzing data from private laboratories and another COVID-19 public monitoring system. Timely information generated from EMRs will be a very important tool to the decision-making process as well as research in epidemiology. Quality and security on the data produced is of paramount importance to allow the use by health surveillance systems.
  • article 5 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Rapid viral metagenomics using SMART-9N amplification and nanopore sequencing
    (2023) CLARO, I. M.; RAMUNDO, M. S.; COLETTI, T. M.; SILVA, C. A. M. da; VALENCA, I. N.; CANDIDO, D. S.; SALES, F. C. S.; MANULI, E. R.; JESUS, J. G. de; PAULA, A. de; FELIX, A. C.; ANDRADE, P. D. S.; PINHO, M. C.; SOUZA, W. M.; AMORIM, M. R.; PROENCA-MODENA, J. L.; KALLAS, E. G.; LEVI, J. E.; FARIA, N. R.; SABINO, E. C.; LOMAN, N. J.; QUICK, J.
    Emerging and re-emerging viruses are a global health concern. Genome sequencing as an approach for monitoring circulating viruses is currently hampered by complex and expensive methods. Untargeted, metagenomic nanopore sequencing can provide genomic information to identify pathogens, prepare for or even prevent outbreaks. SMART (Switching Mechanism at the 5′ end of RNA Template) is a popular approach for RNA-Seq but most current methods rely on oligo-dT priming to target polyadenylated mRNA molecules. We have developed two random primed SMART-Seq approaches, a sequencing agnostic approach ‘SMART-9N’ and a version compatible rapid adapters  available from Oxford Nanopore Technologies ‘Rapid SMART-9N’. The methods were developed using viral isolates, clinical samples, and compared to a gold-standard amplicon-based method. From a Zika virus isolate the SMART-9N approach recovered 10kb of the 10.8kb RNA genome in a single nanopore read. We also obtained full genome coverage at a high depth coverage using the Rapid SMART-9N, which takes only 10 minutes and costs up to 45% less than other methods. We found the limits of detection of these methods to be 6 focus forming units (FFU)/mL with 99.02% and 87.58% genome coverage for SMART-9N and Rapid SMART-9N respectively. Yellow fever virus plasma samples and SARS-CoV-2 nasopharyngeal samples previously confirmed by RT-qPCR with a broad range of Ct-values were selected for validation. Both methods produced greater genome coverage when compared to the multiplex PCR approach and we obtained the longest single read of this study (18.5 kb) with a SARS-CoV-2 clinical sample, 60% of the virus genome using the Rapid SMART-9N method. This work demonstrates that SMART-9N and Rapid SMART-9N are sensitive, low input, and long-read compatible alternatives for RNA virus detection and genome sequencing and Rapid SMART-9N improves the cost, time, and complexity of laboratory work.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Introduction, Dispersal, and Predominance of SARS-CoV-2 Delta Variant in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: A Retrospective Analysis
    (2023) CASTRO, Thais Regina y; PICCOLI, Bruna C.; VIEIRA, Andressa A.; CASARIN, Bruna C.; TESSELE, Luiza F.; SALVATO, Richard S.; GREGIANINI, Tatiana S.; MARTINS, Leticia G.; RESENDE, Paola Cristina; PEREIRA, Elisa C.; MOREIRA, Filipe R. R.; JESUS, Jaqueline G. de; SEERIG, Ana Paula; LOBATO, Marcos Antonio O.; CAMPOS, Marli M. A. de; GOULARTE, Juliana S.; SILVA, Mariana S. da; DEMOLINER, Meriane; FILIPPI, Micheli; PEREIRA, Vyctoria M. A. Goes; SCHWARZBOLD, Alexandre V.; SPILKI, Fernando R.; TRINDADE, Priscila A.
    Mutations in the SARS-CoV-2 genome can alter the virus' fitness, leading to the emergence of variants of concern (VOC). In Brazil, the Gamma variant dominated the pandemic in the first half of 2021, and from June onwards, the first cases of Delta infection were documented. Here, we investigate the introduction and dispersal of the Delta variant in the RS state by sequencing 1077 SARS-CoV-2-positive samples from June to October 2021. Of these samples, 34.7% were identified as Gamma and 65.3% as Delta. Notably, 99.2% of Delta sequences were clustered within the 21J lineage, forming a significant Brazilian clade. The estimated clock rate was 5.97 x 10-4 substitutions per site per year. The Delta variant was first reported on 17 June in the Vinhedos Basalto microregion and rapidly spread, accounting for over 70% of cases within nine weeks. Despite this, the number of cases and deaths remained stable, possibly due to vaccination, prior infections, and the continued mandatory mask use. In conclusion, our study provides insights into the Delta variant circulating in the RS state, highlighting the importance of genomic surveillance for monitoring viral evolution, even when the impact of new variants may be less severe in a given region.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Nanobiotics and the One Health Approach: Boosting the Fight against Antimicrobial Resistance at the Nanoscale
    (2023) Himanshu; MUKHERJEE, Riya; VIDIC, Jasmina; LEAL, Elcio; COSTA, Antonio Charlys da; PRUDENCIO, Carlos Roberto; RAJ, V. Samuel; CHANG, Chung-Ming; PANDEY, Ramendra Pati
    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing public health concern worldwide, and it poses a significant threat to human, animal, and environmental health. The overuse and misuse of antibiotics have contributed significantly and others factors including gene mutation, bacteria living in biofilms, and enzymatic degradation/hydrolyses help in the emergence and spread of AMR, which may lead to significant economic consequences such as reduced productivity and increased health care costs. Nanotechnology offers a promising platform for addressing this challenge. Nanoparticles have unique properties that make them highly effective in combating bacterial infections by inhibiting the growth and survival of multi-drug-resistant bacteria in three areas of health: human, animal, and environmental. To conduct an economic evaluation of surveillance in this context, it is crucial to obtain an understanding of the connections to be addressed by several nations by implementing national action policies based on the One Health strategy. This review provides an overview of the progress made thus far and presents potential future directions to optimize the impact of nanobiotics on AMR.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Parasite DNA and Markers of Decreased Immune Activation Associate Prospectively with Cardiac Functional Decline over 10 Years among Trypanosoma cruzi Seropositive Individuals in Brazil
    (2024) SUNDERRAJ, Ashwin; CUNHA, Luisa Marin; AVILA, Matheus; ALEXANDRIA, Shaina; FERREIRA, Ariela Mota; SILVA, Lea Campos de Oliveira-da; RIBEIRO, Antonio L. P.; NUNES, Maria do Carmo Pereira; SABINO, Ester C.; LANDAY, Alan; KALIL, Jorge; CHEVILLARD, Christophe; CUNHA-NETO, Edecio; FEINSTEIN, Matthew J.
    Parasitemia and inflammatory markers are cross-sectionally associated with chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC) among patients with Trypanosoma cruzi. However, the prospective association of the parasite load and host immune response-related characteristics with CCC (that is, progressors) among T. cruzi seropositive individuals has only been partially defined. In a cohort of T. cruzi seropositive patients in Montes Claros and Sao Paulo, Brazil who were followed over 10 years, we identified the association of a baseline T. cruzi parasite load and systemic markers of inflammation with a decline in cardiac function and/or the presence of cardiac congestion 10 years later. The progressors (n = 21) were individuals with a significant decline in the left ventricular ejection fraction and/or elevated markers of cardiac congestion after 10 years. The controls (n = 31) had normal markers of cardiac function and congestion at the baseline and at the follow-up. They were matched with the progressors on age, sex, and genetic ancestry. The progressors had higher mean parasite loads at the baseline than the controls (18.3 vs. 0.605 DNA parasite equivalents/20 mL, p < 0.05). Of the 384 inflammation-related proteins analyzed, 47 differed significantly at a false discovery rate- (FDR-) corrected p < 0.05 between the groups. There were 44 of these 47 proteins that were significantly higher in the controls compared to in the progressors, including the immune activation markers CCL21, CXCL12, and HCLS1 and several of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily of proteins. Among the individuals who were seropositive for T. cruzi at the baseline and who were followed over 10 years, those with incident CCC at the 10-year marker had a comparatively higher baseline of T. cruzi parasitemia and lower baseline markers of immune activation and chemotaxis. These findings generate the hypothesis that the early impairment of pathogen-killing immune responses predisposes individuals to CCC, which merits further study.
  • article 2 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Estimated glomerular filtration rate in Brazilian adults with sickle cell disease: results from the REDS-III multicenter cohort study
    (2023) BELISARIO, Andre Rolim; SILVA, Ana Cristina Simoes e; MOURA, Isabel Cristina Gomes; CARNEIRO-PROIETTI, Anna Barbara; SABINO, Ester Cerdeira; LOUREIRO, Paula; MAXIMO, Claudia; FLOR-PARK, Miriam V.; RODRIGUES, Daniela de Oliveira Werneck; OZAHATA, Mina Cintho; MOTA, Rosimere Afonso; DINARDO, Carla Luana; KELLY, Shannon; CUSTER, Brian
    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a significant impact on sickle cell disease (SCD) morbidity and mortality. Early identification of individuals at highest risk of developing CKD may allow therapeutic intervention to prevent worse outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) among adults with SCD in Brazil. Participants in the REDS-III multicenter SCD cohort with more severe genotypes aged >= 18 years with at least two serum creatinine values were analyzed. The eGFR was calculated using the Jamaica Sickle Cell Cohort Study GFR equation. The eGFR categories were defined according to the K/DOQI. Participants with eGFR >= 90 were compared to those with those with eGFR < 90. Among the 870 participants, 647 (74.4%) had eGFR >= 90, 211 (24.3%) had eGFR 60 to 89, six (0.7%) had eGFR 30 to 59, and six (0.7%) had ESRD. Male sex (OR: 37.3; 95%CI: 22.4-65.1), higher age (OR: 1.04; 95%CI: 1.02-1.06), higher diastolic blood pressure (OR: 1.03; 95%CI: 1.009-1.06), lower Hb (OR: 0.80; 95%CI: 0.68-0.93), and lower reticulocytes (OR: 0.94; 95%CI: 0.89-0.99) levels were independently associated with eGFR < 90. There was a trend towards higher odds of death in participants with eGFR < 90 (OR: 1.8; 95%CI: 0.95-3.32; p = 0.065). In turn, participants with eGFR < 60 had a 12.2 (95%CI: 2.1-96.9) times higher odds for death when compared to those with eGFR >= 60. In this study, eGFR < 90 was observed in one-quarter of adults. Older age, male sex, higher diastolic blood pressure, lower hemoglobin, and lower reticulocyte levels were associated with occurrence of eGFR < 90. Estimated GFR < 60 increased the risk of mortality.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Genetic differences of dengue virus 2 in patients with distinct clinical outcome
    (2023) MARQUES, Beatriz de Carvalho; SACCHETTO, Livia; BANHO, Cecilia Artico; ESTOFOLETE, Cassia Fernanda; DOURADO, Fernanda Simoes; CANDIDO, Darlan da Silva; DUTRA, Karina Rocha; SALLES, Flavia Cristina da Silva; JESUS, Jaqueline Goes de; SABINO, Ester Cerdeira; FARIA, Nuno Rodrigues; NOGUEIRA, Mauricio Lacerda
    The genetic diversity of the dengue virus is characterized by four circulating serotypes, several genotypes, and an increasing number of existing lineages that may have differences in the potential to cause epidemics and disease severity. Accurate identification of the genetic variability of the virus is essential to identify lineages responsible for an epidemic and understanding the processes of virus spread and virulence. Here, we characterize, using portable nanopore genomic sequencing, different lineages of dengue virus 2 (DENV-2) detected in 22 serum samples from patients with and without dengue warning signs attended at Hospital de Base of Sao Jose do Rio Preto (SJRP) in 2019, during a DENV-2 outbreak. Demographic, epidemiological, and clinical data were also analyzed. The phylogenetic reconstruction and the clinical data showed that two lineages belonging to the American/Asian genotype of DENV-2-BR3 and BR4 (BR4L1 and BR4L2)-were co-circulating in SJRP. Although preliminary, these results indicate no specific association between clinical form and phylogenetic clustering at the virus consensus sequence level. Studies with larger sample sizes and which explore single nucleotide variants are needed. Therefore, we showed that portable nanopore genome sequencing could generate quick and reliable sequences for genomic surveillance to monitor viral diversity and its association with disease severity as an epidemic unfolds.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Lessons from a Multilaboratorial Task Force for Diagnosis of a Fatal Toxoplasmosis Outbreak in Captive Primates in Brazil
    (2023) SCHIFFLER, Francine Bittencourt; PEREIRA, Asheley Henrique Barbosa; MOREIRA, Silvia Bahadian; ARRUDA, Igor Falco; MOREIRA, Filipe Romero Rebello; D'ARC, Mirela; CLARO, Ingra Morales; PISSINATTI, Thalita de Abreu; CAVALCANTE, Liliane Tavares de Faria; MIRANDA, Thamiris dos Santos; COSENTINO, Matheus Augusto Calvano; OLIVEIRA, Renata Carvalho de; FERNANDES, Jorlan; ASSIS, Matheus Ribeiro da Silva; OLIVEIRA, Jonathan Goncalves de; SILVA, Thayssa Alves Coelho da; GALLIEZ, Rafael Mello; FAFFE, Debora Souza; JESUS, Jaqueline Goes de; SILVA, Marise Sobreira Bezerra da; BEZERRA, Matheus Filgueira; FERREIRA, Orlando da Costa; TANURI, Amilcar; CASTINEIRAS, Terezinha Marta; AGUIAR, Renato Santana; FARIA, Nuno Rodrigues; ALMEIDA, Alzira Paiva de; PISSINATTI, Alcides; SABINO, Ester Cerdeira; AMENDOEIRA, Maria Regina Reis; LEMOS, Elba Regina Sampaio de; UBIALI, Daniel Guimaraes; SANTOS, Andre F. A.
    Toxoplasmosis is an important zoonotic disease caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii and is especially fatal for neotropical primates. In Brazil, the Ministry of Health is responsible for national epizootic surveillance, but some diseases are still neglected. Here, we present an integrated investigation of an outbreak that occurred during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic among eleven neotropical primates housed at a primatology center in Brazil. After presenting non-specific clinical signs, all animals died within four days. A wide range of pathogens were evaluated, and we successfully identified T. gondii as the causative agent within four days after necropsies. The liver was the most affected organ, presenting hemorrhage and hepatocellular necrosis. Tachyzoites and bradyzoite cysts were observed in histological examinations and immunohistochemistry in different organs; in addition, parasitic DNA was detected through PCR in blood samples from all specimens evaluated. A high prevalence of Escherichia coli was also observed, indicating sepsis. This case highlights some of the obstacles faced by the current Brazilian surveillance system. A diagnosis was obtained through the integrated action of researchers since investigation for toxoplasmosis is currently absent in national guidelines. An interdisciplinary investigation could be a possible model for future epizootic investigations in animals.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Clinical Aspects and Etiologic Investigation of Pediatric Patients With Acute Liver Failure
    (2023) LUGLIO, Michele; MARQUES, Tatiana de Carvalho Silva; PEREIRA, Maria Fernanda Badue; DELGADO, Artur Figueiredo; CARVALHO, Werther Brunow de; TANNURI, Ana Cristina Aoun; SANDY, Natascha Silva; LITVINOV, Nadia; PAULA, Camila Sanson Yoshino de; SANTOS, Ariane Guissi dos; LAZARI, Carolina dos Santos; GOUVEA, Michele Soares Gomes; PAULA, Anderson Vicente de; MENDOZA, Tania Regina Tozetto; TANIGAWAH, Ryan Yukimatsu; LIMAH, Fabiana Roberto; HIRAYAMAH, Andre Bubna; SANTOS, Isabela Gusson Galdino dos; PINHOG, Joao Renato Rebello; SABINOG, Ester Cerdeira; MENDES-CORREAHG, Maria Cassia; ALVESH, Venancio Avancini Ferreira; MARQUESC, Heloisa Helena de Sousa
    A new outbreak of hepatitis of unknown origin raised awareness in the international community. A few reports have attempted to associate new cases with adenovirus infection and the immunologic effects of previous SARS-CoV-2 infections through a superantigen mechanism. Moreover, according to a case series, viral isolates were identified in 7 of 10 cases of pediatric patients with hepatitis of unknown origin and acute liver failure. Adenovirus was detected by respiratory secretion polymerase chain reaction in 2 patients, with neither presenting with SARS-CoV-2 acute infection. Clinical and laboratory descriptions and cross-referencing epidemiologic and pathophysiological data can help identify possible disease etiologies.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    A Randomized, Controlled, Noninferiority, Multicenter Trial of Systemic vs Intralesional Treatment With Meglumine Antimoniate for Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Brazil
    (2023) LYRA, Marcelo R.; OLIVEIRA, Liliane F. A.; SCHUBACH, Armando O.; SAMPAIO, Raimunda N. R.; RODRIGUES, Bruna C.; HUEB, Marcia; COTA, Glaucia; SILVA, Rosiana E.; FRANCESCONI, Fabio; POMPILIO, Mauricio A.; FRANCA, Adriana O.; AMATO, Valdir S.; SOUZA, Regina M.; OLIVEIRA, Raquel V. C.; VALETE, Claudia M.; PIMENTEL, Maria I. F.
    Background Meglumine antimoniate (MA) remains the main treatment for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). Uncontrolled studies suggest that intralesional MA (IL-MA) may be noninferior and safer than systemic MA (S-MA). Methods Multicenter, randomized, controlled, open-label, phase 3 clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of IL-MA in 3 infiltrations at 14-day intervals compared with S-MA (10-20 mg Sb5+/kg/day, 20 days) for CL, with noninferiority margin of 20%. Primary and secondary outcomes were definitive cure at day 180 and epithelialization rate at day 90 of treatment, respectively. A 2-year follow-up was performed to assess relapses and emergence of mucosal lesions. Adverse events (AEs) were monitored according to the Division of AIDS AE grading system. Results We evaluated 135 patients. The cure rates (95% confidence interval) for IL-MA and S-MA treatment were, respectively, 82.8% (70.5-91.4) and 67.8% (53.3-78.3) per protocol (PP) and 70.6% (58.3-81.0) and 59.7% (47.0-71.5) per intention to treat (ITT). The epithelialization rates of the IL-MA and S-MA treatment were, respectively, 79.3% (66.6-88 + 8) and 71.2% (57.9-82.2) PP and 69.1% (55.2-78.5) and 64.2% (50.0-74.2) ITT. AEs in the IL-MA and S-MA groups were, respectively, clinical, 45.6% and 80.6%; laboratory, 26.5% and 73.1%; and electrocardiogram, 8.8% and 25.4%. Ten participants in the S-MA group and 1 in the IL-MA group were discontinued due to severe or persistent AEs. Conclusions IL-MA provides a similar cure rate and results in less toxicity compared with S-MA and may be used as first-line therapy for CL patients. This multicenter, randomized, controlled, open-label, phase 3 clinical trial, we evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of intralesional infiltration meglumine antimoniate (IL-MA) compared with systemic MA (S-MA) for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). IL-MA provides similar cure rate and results in less toxicity compared with S-MA. Clinical Trials Registration. REBEC: RBR-6mk5n4.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Encephalopathy Caused by Human Parvovirus B19 Genotype 1 Associated with Haemophilus influenzae Meningitis in a Newborn
    (2023) FERREIRA, Noely Evangelista; COSTA, Antonio C. da; KALLAS, Esper G.; SILVEIRA, Cassia G. T.; OLIVEIRA, Ana Carolina S. de; HONORATO, Layla; PAIAO, Heuder G. O.; LIMA, Silvia H.; VASCONCELOS, Dewton de M.; CORTES, Marina F.; COSTA, Silvia F.; MENDOZA, Tania R. T.; GOMES, Helio R.; WITKIN, Steven S.; MENDES-CORREA, Maria C.
    Parvovirus B19 infection is associated with a wide range of clinical manifestations, from asymptomatic to severe neurological disorders. Its major clinical symptoms, fever and rash, are common to multiple viruses, and laboratory tests to detect B19 are frequently not available. Thus, the impact of B19 on public health remains unclear. We report the case of a 38-day old girl admitted to Sao Paulo Clinical Hospital, Brazil, with an initial diagnosis of bacterial meningitis, seizures, and acute hydrocephalus. Antibiotic therapy was maintained for one week after admission and discontinued after negative laboratory results were obtained. Nine days after symptoms onset, a cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) sample revealed persistent pleocytosis. The complete B19 complete genome was subsequently identified in her CSF by a metagenomic next-generation sequencing approach. This report highlights the possible involvement of B19 in the occurrence of acute neurological manifestations and emphasizes that its possible involvement might be better revealed by the use of metagenomic technology to detect viral agents in clinical situations of unknown or uncertain etiology.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Bifidobacteria define gut microbiome profiles of golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia) and marmoset (Callithrix sp.) metagenomic shotgun pools
    (2023) MALUKIEWICZ, Joanna; D'ARC, Mirela; DIAS, Cecilia A.; CARTWRIGHT, Reed A.; GRATIVOL, Adriana D.; MOREIRA, Silvia Bahadian; SOUZA, Antonizete R.; TAVARES, Maria Clotilde Henriques; PISSINATTI, Alcides; RUIZ-MIRANDA, Carlos R.; SANTOS, Andre F. A.
    Gut microbiome disruptions may lead to adverse effects on wildlife fitness and viability, thus maintaining host microbiota biodiversity needs to become an integral part of wildlife conservation. The highly-endangered callitrichid golden lion tamarin (GLT-Leontopithecus rosalia) is a rare conservation success, but allochthonous callitrichid marmosets (Callithrix) serve as principle ecological GLT threats. However, incorporation of microbiome approaches to GLT conservation is impeded by limited gut microbiome studies of Brazilian primates. Here, we carried out analysis of gut metagenomic pools from 114 individuals of wild and captive GLTs and marmosets. More specifically, we analyzed the bacterial component of ultra filtered samples originally collected as part of a virome profiling study. The major findings of this study are consistent with previous studies in showing that Bifidobacterium, a bacterial species important for the metabolism of tree gums consumed by callitrichids, is an important component of the callitrichid gut microbiome - although GTLs and marmosets were enriched for different species of Bifidobacterium. Additionally, the composition of GLT and marmoset gut microbiota is sensitive to host environmental factors. Overall, our data expand baseline gut microbiome data for callitrichids to allow for the development of new tools to improve their management and conservation.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    New Allele-Specific Oligonucleotide (ASO) amplifications for Toxoplasma gondii rop18 allele typing: Analysis of 86 human congenital infections in Brazil
    (2023) SANTOS, Emilly Henrique dos; BARREIRA, Gabriel Acca; YAMAMOTO, Lidia; ROCHA, Mussya Cisotto; RODRIGUES, Karen Alessandra; CRUZ, Maria Carolina Pires; KANUNFRE, Kelly Aparecida; OKAY, Thelma Suely
    This study aimed to detect and differentiate Toxoplasma gondii by the allele typing of its polymorphic rop18 gene. For this purpose, a novel genotyping system using allele-specific oligonucleotides (ASOs) was designed, consisting of three ASO pairs. The first and third pairs specifically amplify rop18 allele I and allele III, while the second pair amplify both allele I and II. Genomic DNA from 86 congenital infections was analyzed by ASO-PCRs, successfully typing 82 (95.35%) samples. The remaining 4 samples (4.65%) required sequencing and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis of the amplification products. The distribution of samples according to rop18 alleles was: 39.5% of allele III, 38.4% of allele II, 19.8% of mixed rop18 alleles (I/III or II/III), and 2.3% of allele I. The six severely compromised infants exhibited the highest parasite load levels and were infected during the first and early second trimesters of pregnancy. Among these cases, two were associated with rop18 allele I parasites, two with mixed rop18 alleles (I/III), one with allele II, and one with allele III parasites. In conclusion, all severe cases of congenital toxoplasmosis were infected during early pregnancy, but they were not exclusively associated with rop18 allele I parasites, as observed in murine toxoplasmosis. Furthermore, nearly one-fifth of parasites were non-archetypal, exhibiting more than one rop18 allele, indicating a higher genetic diversity of Toxoplasma gondii in this South American sample. Overall, a robust T. gondii rop18 allele typing was developed and suggested that congenital toxoplasmosis in humans involves complex mechanisms beyond the parasite genotype.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Detection of coinfection with Primate Erythroparvovirus 1 and arboviruses (DENV, CHIKV and ZIKV) in individuals with acute febrile illness in the state of Rio Grande do Norte in 2016
    (2023) MORAIS, Vanessa dos Santos; SANTANA, Lidia Maria Reis; BEZERRA, Joao Felipe; CRUZ, Flavia Emmanuelle; SOUZA, Themis Rocha de; TAHMASEBI, Roozbeh; RAPOSO, Rafael Augusto Alves; MARCATTI, Roberta; BARBOSA, Erick Matheus Garcia; HEFFORD, Philip Michael; BUCCHERI, Renata; SABINO, Ester Cerdeira; COSTA, Antonio Charlys da
    BackgroundArthropod-borne viruses, known as arboviruses, pose substantial risks to global public health. Dengue (DENV), Chikungunya (CHIKV) and Zika (ZIKV) viruses stand out as significant concerns in Brazil and worldwide. Their overlapping clinical manifestations make accurate diagnosis a challenge, underscoring the need for reliable laboratory support. This study employs a comprehensive molecular diagnostic approach to track viral infections in individuals with acute febrile illness, a period marked by widespread outbreaks of DENV, CHIKV and ZIKV.MethodsBetween January and August 2016, we received a total of 713 serum samples obtained from individuals with acute febrile illness, previously tested for DENV, CHIKV or ZIKV, with initial negative results, from LACEN-NATAL. Of the total 713 samples, 667 were from females (354 of them pregnant) and 46 from males. Molecular diagnosis was conducted using the Multiplex RT-qPCR technique for simultaneous detection of DENV, CHIKV and ZIKV. Additionally, we performed differential diagnosis by RT-qPCR for other viruses of the Flavivirus, Alphavirus Enterovirus genera and qPCR for Primate Erythroparvovirus 1 (B19V) species, in accordance with Ministry of Health guidelines.ResultsAmong the 713 cases, 78.2% tested positive for viral infections, including 48% with CHIKV viremia, 0.6% with DENV and 0.1% with ZIKV. Arboviral coinfections totaled 2.4%, including DENV-CHIKV (1.7%) and CHIKV-ZIKV (0.7%). Moreover, 8% exhibited B19V viremia. Simultaneous infections were identified in 17.5%, encompassing B19V-CHIKV (17.1%), B19V-DENV (0.1%), and B19V-ZIKV (0.3%) Triple infections were observed in 1.3% of cases with B19V-DENV-CHIKV (1%) and B19V-CHIKV-ZIKV (0.3%).ConclusionMolecular testing demonstrated high efficacy in diagnosing prevalent arboviruses and detecting multiple coinfections. This approach helps to elucidate etiologies for symptomatic cases, especially during arbovirus outbreaks, and aids comprehensive surveillance. Our findings underscore the importance of monitoring co-circulating pathogens, such as B19V, with implications for clinical management, particularly in pregnant individuals. This study enhances our understanding of arbovirus epidemiology and reinforces the critical role of molecular diagnosis in disease surveillance and control.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Overview of Chagas disease surveillance in an endemic region in Southeastern Brazil
    (2023) RAFAEL, Aline Ferreira; FERREIRA, Raquel Aparecida; MOTA, Ariela Ferreira; DAMASCENO, Renata Fiuza; MENEZES, Agna Soares da Silva; LOPES, Bartolomeu Teixeira; PAULO, Gustavo Liberio de; SABINO, Ester Cerdeira; RIBEIRO, Antonio Luiz Pinho; QUINTINO, Nayara Dornela; VIEIRA, Thallyta Maria
    Chagas disease (CD) is a neglected disease caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. It has high morbidity and mortality rates and mainly affects socially vulnerable populations. This is a cross-sectional study, with retrospective and prospective data collection. Using questionnaires applied to environmental surveillance coordinators, we characterized the status of CD surveillance activities in municipalities endemic for the disease in Northern Minas Gerais State (MG) and Jequitinhonha Valley (Vale do Jequitinhonha). Moreover, we spatialized the vulnerability index for chronic CD in the study area. The population consisted of 22 environmental surveillance coordinators, active in 2020, from Northern MG and Jequitinhonha Valley, 21 municipalities included in the SaMi-Trop research project, and Montes Claros municipality. After applying the questionnaires to the coordinators, a descriptive analysis of the variables was performed. To characterize the active municipalities, the explanatory variables collected in the questionnaire were compared with the dichotomous variable. Bivariate descriptive analysis was performed. Finally, geoprocessing techniques were used to spatialize the data and prepare maps. Regarding the team of endemic combat agents (ECA), 90.9% reported the lack of a specific team for CD vector control actions. Of the 22 municipalities participating in this study, nine were active (41.1%). Only 25% (n=2) of active municipalities (9% of the municipalities studied) met the target of visiting 50% of households per year. Finally, 81.1% of the coordinators stated that in their municipality, they developed actions linked to primary health care (PHC). The implementation of CD surveillance activities weakened in the endemic region. Few municipalities have a surveillance team, with low regularity of active surveillance and noncompliance with the program's goal. The results suggest insufficient recording of activities in the information system, considering that there are municipalities that report performing the activities, but no production record was observed in the system.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Survival analysis over a 20-year period of a Brazilian cohort of blood donors coinfected HIV-HCV
    (2023) MENEZES FILHO, Helio Ranes de; GRANDI, Giuliano; CARDOSO, Ludimila Paula Vaz; SILVA, Juan Felipe Galvao da; MACHADO, Soraia Mafra; ALMEIDA-NETO, Cesar de; SABINO, Ester Cerdeira; MENDES-CORREA, Maria Cassia
    Among individuals coinfected with HCV and HIV, studies of mortality from non-hepatic causes have shown inconsistent results. The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of HCV and HIV co-infection to mortality from hepatic and non-hepatic causes in Brazil. This retrospective cohort study included blood donors from Funda & ccedil;& atilde;o Pr & oacute;-Sangue de S & atilde;o Paulo (FPS) who were followed from 1994 to 2016 to compare mortality and its causes between HIV-HCV coinfected individuals versus those seronegative for all tested infections. Records from the FPS database and the Mortality Information System were linked through a probabilistic record Relationship (RL). The Hazard Ratio (HR) was estimated using Cox multiple regression models. HCV-HIV coinfected individuals compared to seronegative individuals had a higher risk of death from all causes (HR = 14.54), non-liver neoplasms (HR = 2.55), infections (HR = 10.37) and liver disease (HR = 7.0). In addition, HCV mono-infected individuals compared to seronegative individuals had a higher risk of death from all causes (HR = 2.23), liver cancer (HR = 32.21), liver disease (HR = 14.92), infection (HR = 3.22), and trauma (HR = 1.68). Individuals coinfected with HCV and HIV have increased overall mortality and death due to infections, liver diseases and non-liver neoplasms as compared to those uninfected with HCV and HIV.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Association between torquetenovirus in vaginal secretions and infertility: An exploratory metagenomic analysis
    (2023) COSTA, A. Charlys Da; BORTOLETTO, Pietro; SPANDORFER, Steven D.; TOZETTO-MENDOZA, Tania Regina; LINHARES, Iara M.; MENDES-CORREA, Maria Cassia; WITKIN, Steven S.
    ProblemThe association of viruses with infertility remains incompletely evaluated.Method of studyVaginal secretions from 46 women seeking treatment in the Center for Reproductive Medicine and Infertility at Weill Cornell Medicine were tested for viruses by metagenomic analysis by lab personnel blinded to all clinical data.ResultsTorquetenovirus (TTV) was identified in 16 women, alphapapillomavirus in seven women and most were positive for bacteriophages. Twelve of the subjects were fertile and sought to freeze their oocytes for future implantation. These women were all negative for TTV. In contrast, 16 of the 34 women (47.1%) being treated for infertility were TTV-positive (p = .0035). Evaluating the women by cause of infertility, five of nine women (55.6%) whose male partner had inadequate sperm parameters and six of 14 women (42.9%) with defective ovulation were TTV positive (p = .0062 and p = .0171, respectively, vs. the fertile women). Alphapapillomavirus was identified in one (8.3%) fertile woman, five (35.7%) women with ovulation deficiency, and one (11.1%) woman with male factor infertility. These differences were not statistically significant. There were no differences in bacteriophage families or the presence of Lactobacillus phages between fertile or infertile women or between different causes of infertility. There was a negative association between TTV detection and Lactobacillus crispatus dominance in the vaginal microbiota (p = .0184), but no association between TTV detection and the presence of alphapapillomavirus or Candida species.ConclusionDetection of TTV in the vagina might be a biomarker for specific causes of infertility.
  • article 0 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    Technical comparison of MinIon and Illumina technologies for genotyping Chikungunya virus in clinical samples
    (2023) SOUZA, Leandro Menezes de; OLIVEIRA, Isabelle Dias de; SALES, Flavia Cristina Silva; COSTA, Antonio Charlys da; CAMPOS, Karoline Rodrigues; ABBUD, Adriano; GUERRA, Juliana Mariotti; BORGES, Cinthya dos Santos Cirqueira; TAKAHASHI, Carlos Pires Fernandes Junior; ARAUJO, Leonardo Jose Tadeu de
    New-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques have brought the opportunity for genomic monitoring of several microorganisms potentially relevant to public health. The establishment of different methods with different mechanisms provides a wide choice, taking into account several aspects. With that in mind, the present aim of the study was to compare basic genomic sequencing metrics that could potentially impact genotyping by nanopores from Oxford Nanopore Technologies and by synthesis from Illumina in clinical samples positive for Chikungunya (CHIKV). Among the metrics studied, running time, read production, and Q score were better represented in Illumina sequencing, while the MinIOn platform showed better response time and greater diversity of generated files. That said, it was possible to establish differences between the studied metrics in addition to verifying that the distinctions in the methods did not impact the identification of the CHIKV virus genotype.
  • article 1 Citação(ões) na Scopus
    The emergence of Omicron VOC and its rapid spread and persistence in the Western Amazon
    (2023) SGORLON, Gabriella; ROCA, Tarcio P.; PASSOS-SILVA, Ana Maisa; QUEIROZ, Jackson A. S.; TEIXEIRA, Karolaine S.; ARAUJO, Adrhyan; BATISTA, Flavia S.; SOUZA, Valquiria R.; OLIVEIRA, Franciane M.; MORELLO, Luis G.; MARCHINI, Fabricio K.; SALCEDO, Juan M. V.; RAMPAZZO, Rita de Cassia P.; NAVECA, Felipe G.; VIEIRA, Deusilene
    Genomic surveillance represents a strategy to understanding the evolutionary mechanisms, transmission, and infectivity of different SARS-CoV-2 variants. We evaluated 603 individuals positive for SARS-CoV-2 from 34 municipalities of Rondonia between December 2021 to December 2022. Nasopharyngeal samples were collected, RNA was extracted and screened using RT-qPCR for VOCs. RNA of the samples were sequenced and further analyzed for phylogeny, mutations, and lineages, totaling 96.19% of samples positive for Omicron VOC in this cohort. We observed that most individuals had at least two doses, however 18.97% were not vaccinated with any dose. 554 sequences were amenable to analysis for alignment and phylogenetic characterization; this group corresponded to the 27 subvariants of the Omicron VOC; a total of 100 mutations were identified, 48% of which were found in the S gene. In conclusion, the data demonstrated the rapid spread and persistence of Omicron VOC in Rondonia during the 12-month study period. Although high frequency of mutations was found in the analyzed samples, there were no individuals with a severe clinical profile, demonstrating that vaccination had a positive effect in those cases.