Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://observatorio.fm.usp.br/handle/OPI/30309
Title: Morphological alterations in minor salivary glands of HTLV1+patients: A pilot study
Authors: VALE, Daniela Assis doANDRADE, Natalia SilvaCASSEB, JorgeOLIVEIRA, Augusto Penalva deBUSSOLOTTI FILHO, IvoTRIERVEILER, MariliaORTEGA, Karem Lopez
Citation: JOURNAL OF ORAL PATHOLOGY & MEDICINE, v.47, n.10, p.985-990, 2018
Abstract: Background Methods Among the complex of HTLV-associated diseases, Sjogren's syndrome (SS) is one of the most controversial. This work aims to detect morphological and inflammatory alterations, including clues of the presence of HTLV-1, in minor salivary glands of patients with dryness symptoms. We have assessed HTLV-1-seropositive patients (HTLV-1 group) and patients with SS (SS group). We used formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded minor salivary gland tissue to evaluate the morphological aspects and, by means of immunohistochemistry, the presence of Tax protein, CD4, CD8 and CD20 cells. Additionally, viral particles and proviral load were analysed by PCR. Results Conclusion The HTLV-1 group had the highest prevalence of non-specific chronic sialadenitis (85.71%; P = 0.017) and greater amount of T CD8(+) cells. In the SS group, focal lymphocytic sialadenitis (80%; P = 0.017) prevailed, with a greater amount of B CD20(+). Both immunohistochemistry and PCR identified the Tax protein and its gene in the salivary glands of both groups and in similar proportions. The results indicate that HTLV-1-seropositive patients have different patterns of morphological/inflammatory alterations, suggesting a likely difference in the process of immune activation.
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - IMT
Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/56

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