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Título: Reduction in Parasympathetic Tone During Sleep in Children With Habitual Snoring
Autor(es): LOPES, Maria-CeciliaSPRUYT, KarenAZEVEDO-SOSTER, LeticiaROSA, AgostinhoGUILLEMINAULT, Christian
Parte de: FRONTIERS IN NEUROSCIENCE, v.12, article ID 997, 7p, 2019
Resumo: Introduction: Changes in the autonomic nervous system due to Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) during the life span have been described. Some pediatric studies have shown cardiovascular effects in children who do not fit the criteria for OSA; namely children with mild sleep disordered breathing. Objective: We investigated heart rate variability (HRV) during sleep in children with chronic snoring and flow limitation events during sleep. Methods: Ten children and adolescents with chronic snoring and an apnea hypopnea index < 1, associated to high Respiratory Index, and 10 controls matched for age, gender, and Tanner stage were monitored following one night of habituation in the sleep laboratory. HRV was studied at each sleep stage. The time and frequency domains were calculated for each 5-min period. Results: All patients were chronic heavy snorers. They presented an apnea hypopnea index = 0.8, respiratory disturbance index = 10.2/h with lowest O2 saturation 96.1 +/- 2.4%. The total power of HRV was decreased in all stages (p < 0.05). There was also a decrease in NN50 and pNN50 during all sleep stages compared to healthy controls (p = 0.0003 and p = 0.03, respectively). Conclusion: A reduction in parasympathetic tone was found in the patient group. This may represent an autonomic impairment during sleep in children with mild SDB. A reduction in HRV in children with habitual snoring could be associated with possible increases in cardiovascular risk in adulthood. Significance: The study indicates that children with habitual snoring have important parasympathetic tone changes during sleep.
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Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICr
Instituto da Criança - HC/ICr

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/63
LIM/63 - Laboratório de Investigação Médica em Sono

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