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Título: Single Ventricle Palliation in a Developing Sub-Saharan African Country: What Should be Improved?
Autor: MANUEL, ValdanoMORAIS, HumbertoTURQUETTO, Aida L. R.MIGUEL, GadeMIANA, Leonardo A.PEDRO, AlbinoNUNES, Maria A. S.LEON, GilbertoMAGALHAES, Manuel PedroMARTINS, TelmoJUNIOR, Antonio P. F.
Resumen: Introduction: Single ventricle physiology management is challenging, especially in low-income countries Objective: To report the palliation outcomes of single ventricle patients in a developing African country. Methods: We retrospectively studied 83 consecutive patients subjected to single ventricle palliation in a single center between March 2011 and December 2017. Preoperative data, surgical factors, postoperative results, and survival outcomes were analyzed. The patients were divided by palliation stage: I (pulmonary artery banding [PAB] or Blalock-Taussig shunt [BTS]), II (Glenn procedure), or III (Fontan procedure). Results: Of the 83 patients who underwent palliation (stages I-III), 38 deaths were observed (31 after stage I, six after stage II, and one after stage III) for an overall mortality of 45.7%. The main causes of operative mortality were multiple organ dysfunction due to sepsis, shunt occlusion, and cardiogenic shock. Twenty-eight survivors were lost to follow-up (22 after stage I, six after stage II). Thirteen stage II survivors are still waiting for stage III. The mean follow-up was 366 369 days. Five-year survival was 28.4 % for PAB and 30.1% for BTS, while that for stage II and III was 49.8% and 57.1%, respectively. Age (hazard ratio, 0.61; 95% confidence interval: 0.47-0.7; P = .000) and weight at surgery (hazard ratio, 0.45; 95% confidence interval: 0.31-0.64; P = .002) impacted survival. Conclusion: A high-mortality rate was observed in this initial experience, mainly in stage I patients. A large number of patients were lost to follow-up. A task force to improve outcomes is urgently required.
Aparece en las colecciones:

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/ICHC
Instituto Central - HC/ICHC

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - HC/InCor
Instituto do Coração - HC/InCor

Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - LIM/11
LIM/11 - Laboratório de Cirurgia Cardiovascular e Fisiopatologia da Circulação

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